How to format your references using the The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Richards PG (2005) Obituary: Keiiti Aki (1930-2005). Nature 435:1176
A journal article with 2 authors
Davies HML, Manning JR (2008) Catalytic C-H functionalization by metal carbenoid and nitrenoid insertion. Nature 451:417–424
A journal article with 3 authors
Shanavas KV, Parker D, Singh DJ (2014) Theoretical study on the role of dynamics on the unusual magnetic properties in MnBi. Sci Rep 4:7222
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dermitzakis ET, Reymond A, Scamuffa N, et al (2003) Evolutionary discrimination of mammalian conserved non-genic sequences (CNGs). Science 302:1033–1035

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yoder CH, Leber PA, Thomsen MW (2010) The Bridge to Organic Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Cowling MG (ed) (2007) Vascular Interventional Radiology: Angioplasty, Stenting, Thrombolysis and Thrombectomy. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Jia Y-H, Chen W-N, Zhang J, Li J-J (2014) Generating Software Test Data by Particle Swarm Optimization. In: Dick G, Browne WN, Whigham P, et al. (eds) Simulated Evolution and Learning: 10th International Conference, SEAL 2014, Dunedin, New Zealand, December 15-18, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 37–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) NASA Launches OSIRIS-REx Asteroid Mission On A Journey To Discover Our Origins. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Informing Our Nation: Improving How to Understand and Assess the USA’s Position and Progress. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nespoli G (2017) Impact of Supervisor Support on Employee Job Satisfaction Among Fundraising Staff Within Higher Education. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Organizer Of Festival Is Released On Bail. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Richards 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Richards 2005; Davies and Manning 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davies and Manning 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Dermitzakis et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Astronomy and Astrophysics Review
AbbreviationAstron. Astrophys. Rev.
ISSN (print)0935-4956
ISSN (online)1432-0754
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles