How to format your references using the The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klein RG (2003) Paleoanthropology. Whither the Neanderthals? Science 299:1525–1527
A journal article with 2 authors
Weber T, Deutsch C (2012) Oceanic nitrogen reservoir regulated by plankton diversity and ocean circulation. Nature 489:419–422
A journal article with 3 authors
McNamara JM, Barta Z, Houston AI (2004) Variation in behaviour promotes cooperation in the Prisoner’s Dilemma game. Nature 428:745–748
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lasorella A, Noseda M, Beyna M, et al (2000) Id2 is a retinoblastoma protein target and mediates signalling by Myc oncoproteins. Nature 407:592–598

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Delgado RL-C, Araki M (2006) Spoken, Multilingual and Multimodal Dialogue Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Chiang CC (2007) Design for Manufacturability and Yield for Nano-Scale CMOS. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Lucks S, Schuler A, Tews E, et al (2009) Attacks on the DECT Authentication Mechanisms. In: Fischlin M (ed) Topics in Cryptology – CT-RSA 2009: The Cryptographers’ Track at the RSA Conference 2009, San Francisco, CA, USA, April 20-24, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 48–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Saturn’s Moon Enceladus May Have Been Knocked On Its Side. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Aviation Manufacturing: Status of FAA’s Efforts to Improve Certification and Regulatory Consistency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fregoso J (2015) Through the pipeline: Degree aspirations of African American and Latino males enrolled in California community colleges. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2016) The Illustrated Stories of Teenagers, Told With Humor and a Light Heart. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Klein 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Klein 2003; Weber and Deutsch 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weber and Deutsch 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Lasorella et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Astronomy and Astrophysics Review
AbbreviationAstron. Astrophys. Rev.
ISSN (print)0935-4956
ISSN (online)1432-0754
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles