How to format your references using the The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chun J (2007) Immunology. The sources of a lipid conundrum. Science 316:208–210
A journal article with 2 authors
Huey RB, Moody WJ (2002) Neuroscience and evolution. Snake sodium channels resist TTX arrest. Science 297:1289–1290
A journal article with 3 authors
Loudet JC, Barois P, Poulin P (2000) Colloidal ordering from phase separation in a liquid-crystalline continuous phase. Nature 407:611–613
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ackerman AS, Kirkpatrick MP, Stevens DE, Toon OB (2004) The impact of humidity above stratiform clouds on indirect aerosol climate forcing. Nature 432:1014–1017

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez A (2013) Voice Over LTE. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Serra R, Cucchiara R (eds) (2009) AI*IA 2009: Emergent Perspectives in Artificial Intelligence: XIth International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence Reggio Emilia, Italy, December 9-12, 2009 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Park SK (2015) Role of Free Radicals in Hearing Loss due to Heavy Metals. In: Miller J, Le Prell CG, Rybak L (eds) Free Radicals in ENT Pathology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 93–109

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Solar Flare Filmed in Exquisite Detail. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Federal Research and Development Budget. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amin RM (2010) Detecting targeted malicious email through supervised classification of persistent threat and recipient oriented features. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD (2017) ‘I’m President and They’re Not’: Trump Attack Brings Crowd to Its Feet. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chun 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Huey and Moody 2002; Chun 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huey and Moody 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ackerman et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Astronomy and Astrophysics Review
AbbreviationAstron. Astrophys. Rev.
ISSN (print)0935-4956
ISSN (online)1432-0754
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles