How to format your references using the The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kessler F (2012) Plant science. Chloroplast delivery by UPS. Science 338:622–623
A journal article with 2 authors
Galitski V, Spielman IB (2013) Spin-orbit coupling in quantum gases. Nature 494:49–54
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuwamura T, Kadota T, Suzuki S (2014) Testing the low-density hypothesis for reversed sex change in polygynous fish: experiments in Labroides dimidiatus. Sci Rep 4:4369
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mall A, Sobotta J, Huber C, et al (2018) Reversibility of citrate synthase allows autotrophic growth of a thermophilic bacterium. Science 359:563–567

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sanders S (2015) Seizures in Dogs and Cats. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sha E, Han S-K, Xu C-Z, et al (eds) (2006) Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing: International Conference, EUC 2006, Seoul, Korea, August 1-4, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bugge K-E, O’Gorman B, Hill I, Welter F (2010) Regional Sustainability, Innovation and Welfare Through an Adaptive Process Model. In: Sarkis J, Cordeiro JJ, Vazquez Brust D (eds) Facilitating Sustainable Innovation through Collaboration: A Multi-Stakeholder Perspective. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 77–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Tesla Autopilot Helps Seriously Sick Man Drive To Hospital. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Public Education: Title I Services Provided to Students With Limited English Proficiency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walker M (2009) Industry - higher education partnerships: A case study analysis of learning together. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman J (2017) Platform Companies Are Becoming More Powerful — but What Exactly Do They Want? New York Times MM16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kessler 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kessler 2012; Galitski and Spielman 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Galitski and Spielman 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Mall et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Astronomy and Astrophysics Review
AbbreviationAstron. Astrophys. Rev.
ISSN (print)0935-4956
ISSN (online)1432-0754
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles