How to format your references using the The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review (Astron Astrophys Rev). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C (2015) Rejection of GM crops is not a failure for science. Nature 525:7
A journal article with 2 authors
Meldrum FC, Sear RP (2008) Materials science. Now you see them. Science 322:1802–1803
A journal article with 3 authors
Davis SJ, Caldeira K, Matthews HD (2010) Future CO2 emissions and climate change from existing energy infrastructure. Science 329:1330–1333
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hamdan SM, Loparo JJ, Takahashi M, et al (2009) Dynamics of DNA replication loops reveal temporal control of lagging-strand synthesis. Nature 457:336–339

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ledolter J (2013) Data Mining and Business Analytics with R. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gaillardon P-E (2012) Disruptive Logic Architectures and Technologies: From Device to System Level. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Baker DN, Klimas AJ, Vassiliadis D (2007) Nonlinear Dynamics in the Earth’s Magnetosphere. In: Elsner JB (ed) Nonlinear Dynamics in Geosciences. Springer, New York, NY, pp 53–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) New Display Technology Could Do Away With Reading Glasses. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Federal Research Grants: Maintaining Public Accountability Without Inhibiting Creative Research. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Giuseffi FG (2014) Investigation of the Influence of the Socratic Method on Leadership Skills among JROTC Cadet Leaders at a Military Boarding School. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MONICA KELLY; Monica Kelly lives in Larchmont (1988) Three Crows Cause a Neighbor to Take Flights of Fancy. New York Times 12WC32

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paulus 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Steeg 2012; Crane 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meldrum and Sear 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Chapman et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Astronomy and Astrophysics Review
AbbreviationAstron. Astrophys. Rev.
ISSN (print)0935-4956
ISSN (online)1432-0754
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles