How to format your references using the The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Szoka F (2008) Molecular biology. The art of assembly. Science 319:578–579
A journal article with 2 authors
Etienne-Manneville S, Hall A (2003) Cdc42 regulates GSK-3beta and adenomatous polyposis coli to control cell polarity. Nature 421:753–756
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang RT, Hernández-Maldonado AJ, Yang FH (2003) Desulfurization of transportation fuels with zeolites under ambient conditions. Science 301:79–81
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rieger RM, Ladurner P, Hobmayer B, et al (2005) A Clue to the Origin of the Bilateria? Science 307:353c–355c

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sauter M (2014) From GSM to LTE-Advanced. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Amils R, Ellis-Evans C, Hinghofer-Szalkay H (eds) (2007) Life in Extreme Environments. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Serino L, Arcelli C, Sanniti di Baja G (2013) Decomposing and Sketching 3D Objects by Curve Skeleton Processing. In: Ruiz-Shulcloper J, Sanniti di Baja G (eds) Progress in Pattern Recognition, Image Analysis, Computer Vision, and Applications: 18th Iberoamerican Congress, CIARP 2013, Havana, Cuba, November 20-23, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 25–32

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Oxytocin-Lowering Medical Conditions May Reduce Empathy. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) National Science Foundation Management Review of Research Grant Award Recommendations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson-Scott D (2010) Policy analysis of the Chafee Foster Care Independence Act of 1999. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR N (2017) A Developer and Kremlin Fixer With a Web of Trump Contacts. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Szoka 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Etienne-Manneville and Hall 2003; Szoka 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Etienne-Manneville and Hall 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Rieger et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Astronomy and Astrophysics Review
AbbreviationAstron. Astrophys. Rev.
ISSN (print)0935-4956
ISSN (online)1432-0754
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles