How to format your references using the The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hudson T (2011) Genome-sequencing anniversary. Genomics and clinical relevance. Science 331:547
A journal article with 2 authors
Middelburg JJ, Meysman FJR (2007) Ocean science. Burial at sea. Science 316:1294–1295
A journal article with 3 authors
Deuss A, Irving JCE, Woodhouse JH (2010) Regional variation of inner core anisotropy from seismic normal mode observations. Science 328:1018–1020
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Moraes CB, Giardini MA, Kim H, et al (2014) Nitroheterocyclic compounds are more efficacious than CYP51 inhibitors against Trypanosoma cruzi: implications for Chagas disease drug discovery and development. Sci Rep 4:4703

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cavalla D (2015) Off-label prescribing - Justifying unapproved medicine. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Lajtha A, Gibson GE, Dienel GA (eds) (2007) Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology: Brain Energetics. Integration of Molecular and Cellular Processes. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Lu KH, Klopp AH, Soliman PT, Schmandt RE (2013) Increased Adiposity and Endometrial Cancer Risk. In: Kolonin MG (ed) Adipose Tissue and Cancer. Springer, New York, NY, pp 53–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Neutron Star Collisions Could Reveal Secrets Of Exotic Matter. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Intermodal Transportation: Challenges to and Potential Strategies for Developing Improved Intermodal Capabilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang X (2017) Inferences on Gamma Distributions: Uncensored and Censored Cases. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Federer Beats Wawrinka, and His Own Aging Body, to Reach Final. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hudson 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Middelburg and Meysman 2007; Hudson 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Middelburg and Meysman 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Moraes et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Astronomy and Astrophysics Review
AbbreviationAstron. Astrophys. Rev.
ISSN (print)0935-4956
ISSN (online)1432-0754
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles