How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pagel, M. (2009). Natural selection 150 years on. Nature 457, 808–811.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watanabe, M., and Kondo, S. (2015). Fish pigmentation. Comment on “Local reorganization of xanthophores fine-tunes and colors the striped pattern of zebrafish.” Science 348, 297.
A journal article with 3 authors
Solis, R. S., Haas, J., and Creamer, W. (2001). Dating Caral, a preceramic site in the Supe Valley on the central coast of Peru. Science 292, 723–726.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Galik, K., Senut, B., Pickford, M., Gommery, D., Treil, J., Kuperavage, A. J., et al. (2004). External and internal morphology of the BAR 1002’00 Orrorin tugenensis femur. Science 305, 1450–1453.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bishop, C. A. (2015). Roll-to-Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mandal, J. K., Satapathy, S. C., Kumar Sanyal, M., Sarkar, P. P., and Mukhopadhyay, A. eds. (2015). Information Systems Design and Intelligent Applications: Proceedings of Second International Conference INDIA 2015, Volume 2. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Slutsker, J., Roytburd, A. L., McFadden, G. B., and Warren, J. A. (2006). “Phase Field Modeling of Solidification and Melting of a Confined Nano-Particle,” in Nanomechanics of Materials and Structures, eds. T.-J. Chuang, P. M. Anderson, M.-K. Wu, and S. Hsieh (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 33–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). 4,800-Year-Old Remains Of Woman Holding Infant Child Unearthed In Taiwan. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson, D. G. (2012). An application of geotechnical techniques to quantitative regional slope stability analysis San Clemente, California.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southall, A. (2016). Brownsville Residents Seek Answers After a Mentally Ill Ex-Convict Is Fatally Shot. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pagel, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Pagel, 2009; Watanabe and Kondo, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watanabe and Kondo, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Galik et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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