How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Le Bot, N. (2015). Developmental biology: Earn your wings. Nature 519, 420.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weir, J. T., and Schluter, D. (2007). The latitudinal gradient in recent speciation and extinction rates of birds and mammals. Science 315, 1574–1576.
A journal article with 3 authors
Iwata, M., Hiyama, A., and Otaki, J. M. (2013). System-dependent regulations of colour-pattern development: a mutagenesis study of the pale grass blue butterfly. Sci. Rep. 3, 2379.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li, R., Yi, H., Hu, X., Chen, L., Shi, G., Wang, W., et al. (2013). Generation of diffraction-free optical beams using wrinkled membranes. Sci. Rep. 3, 2775.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Siddiqi, N. (2017). Intelligent Credit Scoring. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Liberopoulos, G., Papadopoulos, C. T., Tan, B., Smith, J. M., and Gershwin, S. B. eds. (2006). Stochastic Modeling of Manufacturing Systems: Advances in Design, Performance Evaluation, and Control Issues. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Murthy, D. N. P., and Jack, N. (2014). “EWs/MSCs: An Overview,” in Extended Warranties, Maintenance Service and Lease Contracts: Modeling and Analysis for Decision-Making Springer Series in Reliability Engineering., ed. N. Jack (London: Springer), 91–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Why Don’t We Feel More Guilty About Eating Animals? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973). Protest of NASA RFP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeMoss, M. D. (2010). Mapping the issues: A content analysis of elementary and secondary education news stories from 1968 to 2008 on television networks.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. A. (2010). When in Doubt, Insure. New York Times, TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Le Bot, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Weir and Schluter, 2007; Le Bot, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weir and Schluter, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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