How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meister, G. (2008). Molecular biology. RNA interference in the nucleus. Science 321, 496–497.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jacobson, M. Z., and Masters, G. M. (2001). Energy. Exploiting wind versus coal. Science 293, 1438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Collins, F. S., Wilder, E. L., and Zerhouni, E. (2014). Funding transdisciplinary research. NIH Roadmap/Common Fund at 10 years. Science 345, 274–276.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schweitzer, M. H., Wittmeyer, J. L., Horner, J. R., and Toporski, J. K. (2005). Soft-tissue vessels and cellular preservation in Tyrannosaurus rex. Science 307, 1952–1955.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ziska, L. H., and Dukes, J. S. (2010). Weed Biology and Climate Change. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Kifer, M. (2007). Introduction to Operating System Design and Implementation: The OSP 2 Approach. , ed. S. A. Smolka London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Koo, M. G. (2013). “The ASEAN+‘X’ Framework and its Implications for the Economic-Security Nexus in East Asia,” in Linking Trade and Security: Evolving Institutions and Strategies in Asia, Europe, and the United States The Political Economy of the Asia Pacific., eds. V. K. Aggarwal and K. Govella (New York, NY: Springer), 89–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Giant Manta Ray Tangled In Fishing Line Appears To “Ask For Help” From Divers. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990). Telecommunications: Issues Concerning Licensing of Telecommunications Engineers and Technicians. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ugwu, R. I. (2012). Perceptions of elementary teachers from an urban school district in Southern California regarding their inquiry-based science instructional practices, assessment methods, and professional development.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., and Dowd, M. (1993). The Company He Keeps. New York Times, 620.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meister, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Jacobson and Masters, 2001; Meister, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jacobson and Masters, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Schweitzer et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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