How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marks, T. J. (2007). Retrospective: Frank Albert Cotton (1930-2007). Science 316, 214.
A journal article with 2 authors
Romano, M., and Cifelli, R. L. (2015). Geology. 100 years of continental drift. Science 350, 915–916.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshida, A., Yoneda-Kato, N., and Kato, J.-Y. (2013). CSN5 specifically interacts with CDK2 and controls senescence in a cytoplasmic cyclin E-mediated manner. Sci. Rep. 3, 1054.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Duret, L., Chureau, C., Samain, S., Weissenbach, J., and Avner, P. (2006). The Xist RNA gene evolved in eutherians by pseudogenization of a protein-coding gene. Science 312, 1653–1655.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacIsaac, B., and Langton, R. (2011). Gas Turbine Propulsion Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Shi, Y.-Q., Kim, H. J., Pérez-González, F., and Echizen, I. eds. (2016). Digital-Forensics and Watermarking: 14th International Workshop, IWDW 2015, Tokyo, Japan, October 7-10, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Mo, S., Chen, H., and Li, Y. (2012). “Topology-Based Data Compression in Wireless Sensor Networks,” in Web-Age Information Management: 13th International Conference, WAIM 2012, Harbin, China, August 18-20, 2012. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. H. Gao, L. Lim, W. Wang, C. Li, and L. Chen (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 22–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). What Happens During Sleep? IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/infographic-explains-what-happens-during-sleep/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Telecommunications: Information on Participation in the E-rate Program (GAO-09-254SP, March 2009), an e-supplement to GAO-09-253. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cagle West, M. (2010). Effective software engineering leadership for development programs.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
SOPHIA PECK ROSS.RICHARD F. BLOUGH.HUGH ARCHBALD.ALEXANDER ROYDEN.RAPHAEL.SPENCER B. WITTY.CARL R. KLEIN, Tilis, L. B., and JOSEPH A. CELESTE.JONATHAN ESTOFF.GEORGES SCHREIBER.THOMAS J. BARNUM.ALLAN C. INMAN (1950). Letters; NOT CITY GUIDES TO THE PEOPLE GOP TROUBLE GRACE AND CHARM HOWL WITTY, TOO A BAS “ERPIVORI” OLD HAT FOREIGN SERVICE HERITAGE. New York Times, The New York Times Magazine151.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marks, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Marks, 2007; Romano and Cifelli, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Romano and Cifelli, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Duret et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology

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