How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jerrett, M. (2015). Atmospheric science: The death toll from air-pollution sources. Nature 525, 330–331.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fazleabas, A. T., and Kim, J. J. (2003). Development. What makes an embryo stick? Science 299, 355–356.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prahlad, V., Pilgrim, D., and Goodwin, E. B. (2003). Roles for mating and environment in C. elegans sex determination. Science 302, 1046–1049.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lin, S.-K., Yeh, C.-K., Xie, W., Liu, Y.-C., and Yoshimura, M. (2013). Ab initio-aided CALPHAD thermodynamic modeling of the Sn-Pb binary system under current stressing. Sci. Rep. 3, 2731.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dacey, J. S., Fiore, L. B., and Brion-Meisels, S. (2016). Your Child’s Social and Emotional Well-Being. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chen, Z. (2016). Toward Balanced Growth with Economic Agglomeration: Empirical Studies of China’s Urban-Rural and Interregional Development. , ed. M. Lu Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Allen, M. S., and Kammer, D. C. (2012). “Simple Experiments to Validate Modal Substructure Models,” in Topics in Experimental Dynamics Substructuring and Wind Turbine Dynamics, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 30th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2012 Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series., eds. R. Mayes, D. Rixen, D. T. Griffith, D. De Klerk, S. Chauhan, S. N. Voormeeren, et al. (New York, NY: Springer), 45–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Total Lunar Eclipse Tetrad Begins On April 15. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1969). Use Of Missile Procurement Funds To Finance Research And Development Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Santos, E. (2019). Altruism in Psychotherapy: Altruistic Acts as an Adjunct to Psychotherapy.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2009). For Rodriguez, It’s a No-Brainer: Just Play. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jerrett, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Fazleabas and Kim, 2003; Jerrett, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fazleabas and Kim, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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