How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goymer, P. (2014). Biodiversity: Leaping lizards. Nature 513, 492.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, K., and Baran, P. S. (2009). Total synthesis of eudesmane terpenes by site-selective C-H oxidations. Nature 459, 824–828.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chakraborty, S., Yanchulova, P., and Thiemens, M. H. (2013). Mass-independent oxygen isotopic partitioning during gas-phase SiO2 formation. Science 342, 463–466.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sang, H., Jarvis, S. P., Zhou, Z., Sharp, P., Moriarty, P., Wang, J., et al. (2014). Identifying tips for intramolecular NC-AFM imaging via in situ fingerprinting. Sci. Rep. 4, 6678.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2010). Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cowin, S. C., and Doty, S. B. eds. (2007). Tissue Mechanics. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Arnold, V. I. (2014). “On the topology of three-dimensional steady flows of an ideal fluid,” in Vladimir I. Arnold - Collected Works: Hydrodynamics, Bifurcation Theory, and Algebraic Geometry 1965-1972, eds. A. B. Givental, B. A. Khesin, A. N. Varchenko, V. A. Vassiliev, and O. Y. Viro (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 25–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). How We Made An Octopus-Inspired Surgical Robot Using Coffee. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). High Risk Series: Guaranteed Student Loans. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bai, H. (2017). Cognitive processes of prioritization in multitasking.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J. (2016). In Media Company Advertising, Sponsored Content Is Becoming King. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goymer, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and Baran, 2009; Goymer, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Baran, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Sang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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