How to format your references using the Weather, Climate, and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Weather, Climate, and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman, M., 2005: Path to approval proves rocky for copycat biodrugs. Nature, 438, 154–155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Custers, R., and H. Aarts, 2010: The unconscious will: how the pursuit of goals operates outside of conscious awareness. Science, 329, 47–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weeks, A. R., F. Marec, and J. A. Breeuwer, 2001: A mite species that consists entirely of haploid females. Science, 292, 2479–2482.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
McNamara, B. R., P. E. J. Nulsen, M. W. Wise, D. A. Rafferty, C. Carilli, C. L. Sarazin, and E. L. Blanton, 2005: The heating of gas in a galaxy cluster by X-ray cavities and large-scale shock fronts. Nature, 433, 45–47.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hood, D., and E. Trojer, 2012: Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Eckert, C., S. K. Katsikas, and G. Pernul, eds., 2014: Trust, Privacy, and Security in Digital Business: 11th International Conference, TrustBus 2014, Munich, Germany, September 2-3, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, XIV, 191 p. 44 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Bobbio, M., 2012: I rischi di una diagnostica senza limiti. La comunicazione radiologica nella società del benessere, F. Schiavon, G. Guglielmi, and A. Rotondo, Eds., Springer, 27–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Weather, Climate, and Society.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014: NASA Plans Mission To Europa. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000: Aviation and the Environment: FAA’s Role in Major Airport Noise Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Einziger, H., 2010: Incidence Hopf algebras: Antipodes, forest formulas, and noncrossing partitions. George Washington University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011: A Tiger and a Yankee Ponder Baseball’s Thrilling Finishes. New York Times, September 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Wadman 2005; Custers and Aarts 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Custers and Aarts 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (McNamara et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleWeather, Climate, and Society
AbbreviationWeather Clim. Soc.
ISSN (print)1948-8327
ISSN (online)1948-8335
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Global and Planetary Change
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles