How to format your references using the Weather, Climate, and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Weather, Climate, and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleppner, D., 2006: Physics. A more precise fine structure constant. Science, 313, 448–449.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sauvageau, G., and R. K. Humphries, 2010: Medicine. The blood stem cell Holy Grail? Science, 329, 1291–1292.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tex, D. M., I. Kamiya, and Y. Kanemitsu, 2014: Control of hot-carrier relaxation for realizing ideal quantum-dot intermediate-band solar cells. Sci. Rep., 4, 4125.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Couzin, I. D., J. Krause, N. R. Franks, and S. A. Levin, 2005: Effective leadership and decision-making in animal groups on the move. Nature, 433, 513–516.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, J. B., 2017: Bandwidth Efficient Coding. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Bebis, G., and Coauthors, eds., 2013: Advances in Visual Computing: 9th International Symposium, ISVC 2013, Rethymnon, Crete, Greece, July 29-31, 2013. Proceedings, Part I. Springer, XXXVI, 586 p. 303 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Thevenot, J., J. Chen, M. Finnilä, M. Nieminen, P. Lehenkari, S. Saarakkala, and M. Pietikäinen, 2015: Local Binary Patterns to Evaluate Trabecular Bone Structure from Micro-CT Data: Application to Studies of Human Osteoarthritis. Computer Vision - ECCV 2014 Workshops: Zurich, Switzerland, September 6-7 and 12, 2014, Proceedings, Part II, L. Agapito, M.M. Bronstein, and C. Rother, Eds., Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer International Publishing, 63–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Weather, Climate, and Society.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017: Private Company Wants To Use The ISS To Build A Commercial Space Station. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995: Medicare Transaction System: Strengthened Management and Sound Development Approach Critical to Success. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, D., 2009: Deus-ex-machina: A modern skeptic’s relentless scrutiny of the production of ethics in post-colonial literature and postcolonialism. George Washington University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2006: Grants Will Aid First-Time Home Buyers. New York Times, October 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kleppner 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kleppner 2006; Sauvageau and Humphries 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sauvageau and Humphries 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Couzin et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleWeather, Climate, and Society
AbbreviationWeather Clim. Soc.
ISSN (print)1948-8327
ISSN (online)1948-8335
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Global and Planetary Change
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles