How to format your references using the Weather, Climate, and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Weather, Climate, and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rasmussen, B., 2000: Filamentous microfossils in a 3,235-million-year-old volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit. Nature, 405, 676–679.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moar, W. J., and K. J. Anilkumar, 2007: Plant science. The power of the pyramid. Science, 318, 1561–1562.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brun, T., I. Devetak, and M.-H. Hsieh, 2006: Correcting quantum errors with entanglement. Science, 314, 436–439.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
IceCube Collaboration, and Coauthors, 2018: Multimessenger observations of a flaring blazar coincident with high-energy neutrino IceCube-170922A. Science, 361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pickles, J., A. Smith, R. Begg, M. Buček, P. Roukova, and R. Pástor, 2015: Articulations of Capital. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Jensen, K., W. M. van der Aalst, M. Ajmone Marsan, G. Franceschinis, J. Kleijn, and L. M. Kristensen, eds., 2012: Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency VI. Springer, XX, 365 p. 193 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Rapaka, S., T. Mansi, B. Georgescu, M. Pop, G. A. Wright, A. Kamen, and D. Comaniciu, 2012: LBM-EP: Lattice-Boltzmann Method for Fast Cardiac Electrophysiology Simulation from 3D Images. Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2012: 15th International Conference, Nice, France, October 1-5, 2012, Proceedings, Part II, N. Ayache, H. Delingette, P. Golland, and K. Mori, Eds., Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Weather, Climate, and Society.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016: Watch Tuffy The Bear Jump For Joy After Being Rescued From A Bile Farm. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999: Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Readiness of the Telecommunications Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, F., 2010: Grant proposal: Providing effective screening, training, and supervision for an at-risk youth mentoring program. California State University, Long Beach, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W., 2015: Colombia Military Accused of Deception on Deaths. New York Times, June 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rasmussen 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Rasmussen 2000; Moar and Anilkumar 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moar and Anilkumar 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (IceCube Collaboration et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleWeather, Climate, and Society
AbbreviationWeather Clim. Soc.
ISSN (print)1948-8327
ISSN (online)1948-8335
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Global and Planetary Change
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles