How to format your references using the Weather, Climate, and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Weather, Climate, and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hall, K. B., 2014: Molecular biology: Protein binding cannot subdue a lively RNA. Nature, 506, 303–304.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boles, L. C., and K. J. Lohmann, 2003: True navigation and magnetic maps in spiny lobsters. Nature, 421, 60–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, J., L. Shen, and D. Zheng, 2014: Diagnostic value of circulating free DNA for the detection of EGFR mutation status in NSCLC: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sci. Rep., 4, 6269.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Peters, H. P., D. Brossard, S. de Cheveigné, S. Dunwoody, M. Kallfass, S. Miller, and S. Tsuchida, 2008: Science communication. Interactions with the mass media. Science, 321, 204–205.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leddra, M., 2010: Time Matters. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK,.
An edited book
Ropo, M., J. Westerholm, and J. Dongarra, eds., 2009: Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 16th European PVM/MPI Users’ Group Meeting, Espoo, Finland, September 7-10, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XIII, 332 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Jansen, C., F. Göbe, and T. Noll, 2014: Generating Inductive Predicates for Symbolic Execution of Pointer-Manipulating Programs. Graph Transformation: 7th International Conference, ICGT 2014, Held as Part of STAF 2014, York, UK, July 22-24, 2014. Proceedings, H. Giese and B. König, Eds., Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 65–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Weather, Climate, and Society.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016: Want To Build A Moon Base? Easy. Just Print It. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977: Human Resources Research and Development Results Can Be Better Managed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Contartesi, R. A., 2010: School climate: A correlational analysis of superintendent leadership communication and employee performance. University of Phoenix, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M., 2017: Hudson’s Bay, Saks Owner, Loses C.E.O. At Busy Time. New York Times, October 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hall 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hall 2014; Boles and Lohmann 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boles and Lohmann 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Peters et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleWeather, Climate, and Society
AbbreviationWeather Clim. Soc.
ISSN (print)1948-8327
ISSN (online)1948-8335
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Global and Planetary Change
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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