How to format your references using the Weather, Climate, and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Weather, Climate, and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Naccache, L., 2006: Psychology. Is she conscious? Science, 313, 1395–1396.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson, T. J., and D. M. J. Lilley, 2009: Biochemistry. The evolution of ribozyme chemistry. Science, 323, 1436–1438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, D. R., L. Galluzzi, and G. Kroemer, 2011: Mitochondria and the autophagy-inflammation-cell death axis in organismal aging. Science, 333, 1109–1112.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Livet, J., T. A. Weissman, H. Kang, R. W. Draft, J. Lu, R. A. Bennis, J. R. Sanes, and J. W. Lichtman, 2007: Transgenic strategies for combinatorial expression of fluorescent proteins in the nervous system. Nature, 450, 56–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.G. Upton, G., 2016: Categorical Data Analysis by Example. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Michell, D., J. Z. Wilson, and V. Archer, eds., 2015: Bread and Roses: Voices of Australian Academics from the Working Class. SensePublishers, XVI, 186 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Clavier, H., and S. P. Nolan, 2010: Building Indenylidene–Ruthenium Catalysts for Metathesis Transformations. Green Metathesis Chemistry, V. Dragutan, A. Demonceau, I. Dragutan, and E.S. Finkelshtein, Eds., NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology, Springer Netherlands, 39–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Weather, Climate, and Society.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015: Discovery That Kangaroos Fart Too Suggests They Play A Role In Methane Production. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992: Earth Observing System: NASA Needs to Reassess Its EOSDIS Development Strategy. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tu, K.-H., 2017: Structural and Functional Analysis of Apolipoprotein E3/E4 Hybrid. California State University, Long Beach, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., and H. Saad, 2017: Dozens Killed As Blast Hits Bus Convoy In Syria. New York Times, April 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Naccache 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Naccache 2006; Wilson and Lilley 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilson and Lilley 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Livet et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleWeather, Climate, and Society
AbbreviationWeather Clim. Soc.
ISSN (print)1948-8327
ISSN (online)1948-8335
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Global and Planetary Change
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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