How to format your references using the Weather, Climate, and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Weather, Climate, and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shibata, D., 2012: Cancer. Heterogeneity and tumor history. Science, 336, 304–305.
A journal article with 2 authors
Seeley, R. J., and D. A. Sandoval, 2011: Neuroscience: weight loss through smoking. Nature, 475, 176–177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spracklen, D. V., S. R. Arnold, and C. M. Taylor, 2012: Observations of increased tropical rainfall preceded by air passage over forests. Nature, 489, 282–285.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Chen, I.-W. P., C.-Y. Huang, S.-H. S. Jhou, and Y.-W. Zhang, 2014: Exfoliation and performance properties of non-oxidized graphene in water. Sci. Rep., 4, 3928.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans, P. W., 2010: Top Hat. Wiley-Blackwell,.
An edited book
Leong, F. T. L., W. E. Pickren, M. M. Leach, and A. J. Marsella, eds., 2012: Internationalizing the Psychology Curriculum in the United States. Springer, XIV, 342 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Hyysalo, J., J. Lehto, S. Aaramaa, and M. Kelanti, 2013: Supporting Cognitive Work in Software Development Workflows. Product-Focused Software Process Improvement: 14th International Conference, PROFES 2013, Paphos, Cyprus, June 12-14, 2013. Proceedings, J. Heidrich, M. Oivo, A. Jedlitschka, and M.T. Baldassarre, Eds., Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 20–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Weather, Climate, and Society.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017: Fictional “Dr Fraud” Tricks Her Way Onto Pseudo-Journals’ Editorial Boards. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009: Grant Monitoring: Department of Education Could Improve Its Processes with Greater Focus on Assessing Risks, Acquiring Financial Skills, and Sharing Information. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Desam, J. R., 2017: Effective Nodal Placement in Overlay Networks Using Complexity Theory. California State University, Long Beach, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016: Backman Will Not Return as Mets’ Class AAA Manager. New York Times, September 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shibata 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Shibata 2012; Seeley and Sandoval 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Seeley and Sandoval 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWeather, Climate, and Society
AbbreviationWeather Clim. Soc.
ISSN (print)1948-8327
ISSN (online)1948-8335
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Global and Planetary Change
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles