How to format your references using the The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow, Nathan. 2008. “Cell Imaging: New Ways to See a Smaller World.” Nature 456 (7223): 825–828.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bartek, Jiri, and Jiri Lukas. 2006. “Cell Biology. Balancing Life-or-Death Decisions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5797): 261–262.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rao, Christopher V., Denise M. Wolf, and Adam P. Arkin. 2002. “Control, Exploitation and Tolerance of Intracellular Noise.” Nature 420 (6912): 231–237.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Demokritov, S. O., V. E. Demidov, O. Dzyapko, G. A. Melkov, A. A. Serga, B. Hillebrands, and A. N. Slavin. 2006. “Bose-Einstein Condensation of Quasi-Equilibrium Magnons at Room Temperature under Pumping.” Nature 443 (7110): 430–433.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jiang, Jiuchun, and Caiping Zhang. 2015. Fundamentals and Applications of Lithium-Ion Batteries in Electric Drive Vehicles. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Dhalla, Naranjan S., Makoto Nagano, and Bohuslav Ostadal, eds. 2011. Molecular Defects in Cardiovascular Disease. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rinkevich, Yuval, Valeria Matranga, and Baruch Rinkevich. 2009. “Stem Cells in Aquatic Invertebrates: Common Premises and Emerging Unique Themes.” In Stem Cells in Marine Organisms, edited by Baruch Rinkevich and Valeria Matranga, 61–103. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. “Singapore Pursues Palm Oil Companies Over 2015 Haze.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Aircraft Modifications: Overestimates of Costs Generate Excess Funds. NSIAD-87-199BR. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kino, Michael Y. 2015. “My Concierge MD, Inc. a Business Plan.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2002. “Is Tabby Looking a Bit Flabby? A Possible Solution.” New York Times, December 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blow 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Blow 2008; Bartek and Lukas 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bartek and Lukas 2006)
  • Three authors: (Rao, Wolf, and Arkin 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Demokritov et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology
ISSN (print)1444-2213
ISSN (online)1740-9314
Cultural Studies

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