How to format your references using the The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D. 2000. “French Take Physics Archives into the Future.” Nature 407 (6806): 825.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vecchi, Gabriel A., and Brian J. Soden. 2007. “Effect of Remote Sea Surface Temperature Change on Tropical Cyclone Potential Intensity.” Nature 450 (7172): 1066–1070.
A journal article with 3 authors
Egholm, David L., Mads F. Knudsen, and Mike Sandiford. 2013. “Lifespan of Mountain Ranges Scaled by Feedbacks between Landsliding and Erosion by Rivers.” Nature 498 (7455): 475–478.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Scott, R. S., E. J. McMahon, S. M. Pop, E. A. Reap, R. Caricchio, P. L. Cohen, H. S. Earp, and G. K. Matsushima. 2001. “Phagocytosis and Clearance of Apoptotic Cells Is Mediated by MER.” Nature 411 (6834): 207–211.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harris, Jonathan. 2013. The Utopian Globalists. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Buntine, Wray, Marko Grobelnik, Dunja Mladenić, and John Shawe-Taylor, eds. 2009. Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2009, Bled, Slovenia, September 7-11, 2009, Proceedings, Part I. Vol. 5781. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Geiger, H. H., and T. Miedaner. 2009. “Rye (Secale Cereale L.).” In Cereals, edited by Marcelo J. Carena, 157–181. New York, NY: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Sea Creatures Will Get Bigger And Bigger (If We Don’t Eat Them First).” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Air Safety: FAA’s Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System. RCED-88-66BR. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Comorau, Nancy. 2009. “Postcolonial Refashionings: Reading Forms, Reading Novels.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, Ben. 2017. “After a Half-Century in Music, Still Hunting for Hits.” New York Times, April 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Butler 2000; Vecchi and Soden 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vecchi and Soden 2007)
  • Three authors: (Egholm, Knudsen, and Sandiford 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Scott et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology
ISSN (print)1444-2213
ISSN (online)1740-9314
Cultural Studies

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