How to format your references using the The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin, Elie. 2012. “Devices: Artificial Inspiration.” Nature 489 (7417): S12-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schulz, Heide N., and Horst D. Schulz. 2005. “Large Sulfur Bacteria and the Formation of Phosphorite.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5708): 416–418.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tang, Zhiyong, Nicholas A. Kotov, and Michael Giersig. 2002. “Spontaneous Organization of Single CdTe Nanoparticles into Luminescent Nanowires.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5579): 237–240.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pereira, Henrique M., Paul W. Leadley, Vânia Proença, Rob Alkemade, Jörn P. W. Scharlemann, Juan F. Fernandez-Manjarrés, Miguel B. Araújo, et al. 2010. “Scenarios for Global Biodiversity in the 21st Century.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6010): 1496–1501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weston, Paul. 2006. Bioinformatics Software Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lahiri, Soumendra, Anton Schick, Ashis SenGupta, and T. N. Sriram, eds. 2014. Contemporary Developments in Statistical Theory: A Festschrift for Hira Lal Koul. Vol. 68. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Dixon, John C. 2010. “Canyonlands and Arches: Windows on Landscapes in the American Southwest.” In Geomorphological Landscapes of the World, edited by Piotr Migon, 39–47. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2016. “Antimatter Breakthrough Sheds Light On Matter’s Shadowy Twin.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Certification of New Airlines: Department of Transportation Has Taken Action to Improve Its Certification Process. RCED-96-8. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kay, Vicki L. 2009. “A Single Mother and Child Welfare: A Personal Narrative.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, John. 2016. “Grandmasters to Face Off in Tiebreaker.” New York Times, November 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolgin 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Dolgin 2012; Schulz and Schulz 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schulz and Schulz 2005)
  • Three authors: (Tang, Kotov, and Giersig 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Pereira et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology
ISSN (print)1444-2213
ISSN (online)1740-9314
Cultural Studies

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