How to format your references using the The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Xu, Xingsheng. 2013. “Enhanced Trion Emission from Colloidal Quantum Dots with Photonic Crystals by Two-Photon Excitation.” Scientific Reports 3 (November): 3228.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oeppen, Jim, and James W. Vaupel. 2002. “Demography. Broken Limits to Life Expectancy.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5570): 1029–1031.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schibler, Jörg, Julia Elsner, and Angela Schlumbaum. 2014. “Incorporation of Aurochs into a Cattle Herd in Neolithic Europe: Single Event or Breeding?” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5798.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, S. L., Y. Liu, L. J. Collins-McIntyre, T. Hesjedal, J. Y. Zhang, S. G. Wang, and G. H. Yu. 2013. “Extraordinary Hall Balance.” Scientific Reports 3: 2087.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moeller, Robert R. 2013. Executive’s Guide to IT Governance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nastasi, Bonnie Kaul, and Amanda P. Borja, eds. 2016. International Handbook of Psychological Well-Being in Children and Adolescents: Bridging the Gaps Between Theory, Research, and Practice. 1st ed. 2016. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Okafor, Ikenna. 2016. “Islamic Extremism in West Africa: A Historical and Theological Analysis of the Crisis of Religious Brigandage in Islam.” In Religion, Authority, and the State: From Constantine to the Contemporary World, edited by Leo D. Lefebure, 101–120. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “Flashy Fish Don’t Get Lucky.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Software Licenses: DOD’s Plan to Collect Inventory Data Meets Statutory Requirements. GAO-14-625. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wansapura, Arshani N. 2010. “The Role of Alpha Sodium,Potassium-ATPase Isoforms in Mediating Cardiac Hypertrophy in Response to Endogenous Cardiotonic Steroids.” Doctoral dissertation, Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Antilla, Susan. 2015. “69 Red Flags Catch Up to a Broker.” New York Times, May 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Xu 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Xu 2013; Oeppen and Vaupel 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oeppen and Vaupel 2002)
  • Three authors: (Schibler, Elsner, and Schlumbaum 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology
ISSN (print)1444-2213
ISSN (online)1740-9314
Cultural Studies

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