How to format your references using the The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jablonski, David. 2004. “Extinction: Past and Present.” Nature 427 (6975): 589.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hanahan, Douglas, and Robert A. Weinberg. 2008. “Retrospective: Judah Folkman (1933-2008).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5866): 1055.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arce, Stephen Hugo, Pei-Hsun Wu, and Yiider Tseng. 2013. “Fast and Accurate Automated Cell Boundary Determination for Fluorescence Microscopy.” Scientific Reports 3: 2266.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Vasbinder, Jan W., Bertil Andersson, W. Brian Arthur, Maarten Boasson, Rob de Boer, Jean Pierre Changeux, Esteban Domingo, et al. 2010. “Transdisciplinary EU Science Institute Needs Funds Urgently.” Nature 463 (7283): 876.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Conrick, Charles, IV, and Scott Hanson. 2013. Vertical Option Spreads. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mittermeir, Roland T., ed. 2006. Informatics Education – The Bridge between Using and Understanding Computers: International Conference in Informatics in Secondary Schools – Evolution and Perspectives, ISSEP 2006, Vilnius, Lithuania, November 7-11, 2006. Proceedings. Vol. 4226. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
La Piscopia, Patrizia, E. Eoin Sullivan, and Conor McDermott. 2013. “From Feast to Famine? The Archaeological Profession in Ireland in the New Millennium.” In Training and Practice for Modern Day Archaeologists, edited by John H. Jameson and James Eogan, 69–85. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Humans Are ‘Super Predators’ That Are Driving Widespread Extinction.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1971. Close Air Support: Principal Issues and Aircraft Choices. B-173850. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGaughey, Kathryn M. 2017. “Textural Juxtaposition: Representing the Natural and the Human in Elements.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bowley, Graham, and Sydney Ember. 2017. “Will Her Story Convict Cosby?” New York Times, May 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jablonski 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Jablonski 2004; Hanahan and Weinberg 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hanahan and Weinberg 2008)
  • Three authors: (Arce, Wu, and Tseng 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Vasbinder et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology
ISSN (print)1444-2213
ISSN (online)1740-9314
Cultural Studies

Other styles