How to format your references using the The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tredicucci, Alessandro. 2003. “Physics. Marriage of Two Device Concepts.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5649): 1346–1347.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simonson, Anne B., and James A. Lake. 2002. “The Transorientation Hypothesis for Codon Recognition during Protein Synthesis.” Nature 416 (6878): 281–285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knauth, L. Paul, Donald M. Burt, and Kenneth H. Wohletz. 2005. “Impact Origin of Sediments at the Opportunity Landing Site on Mars.” Nature 438 (7071): 1123–1128.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wen, Long, Qin Chen, Fuhe Sun, Shichao Song, Lin Jin, and Yan Yu. 2014. “Theoretical Design of Multi-Colored Semi-Transparent Organic Solar Cells with Both Efficient Color Filtering and Light Harvesting.” Scientific Reports 4 (November): 7036.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
First, Michael B., and Allan Tasman. 2006. Clinical Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jevtić, Miroljub. 2016. Taylor Coefficients and Coefficient Multipliers of Hardy and Bergman-Type Spaces. Edited by Dragan Vukotić and Miloš Arsenović. Vol. 2. RSME Springer Series. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Polzehl, Jörg, and Karsten Tabelow. 2012. “Structural Adaptive Smoothing: Principles and Applications in Imaging.” In Mathematical Methods for Signal and Image Analysis and Representation, edited by Luc Florack, Remco Duits, Geurt Jongbloed, Marie-Colette van Lieshout, and Laurie Davies, 65–81. Computational Imaging and Vision. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Origins of Human Heart Beat Traced Back One Billion Years.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. NASA: Briefing on National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Programs and Associated Activities. GAO-10-87R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bortle, Charles D. 2010. “The Role of Mnemonic Acronyms in Clinical Emergency Medicine: A Grounded Theory Study.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, Michael M., and Sydney Ember. 2017. “Wall Street Journal Fires Reporter With Connections to Aviation Tycoon.” New York Times, June 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tredicucci 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Tredicucci 2003; Simonson and Lake 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simonson and Lake 2002)
  • Three authors: (Knauth, Burt, and Wohletz 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology
ISSN (print)1444-2213
ISSN (online)1740-9314
Cultural Studies

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