How to format your references using the Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garber K. Biochemistry: A radical treatment. Nature. 2012;489(7417):S4-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Makiura R, Konovalov O. Interfacial growth of large-area single-layer metal-organic framework nanosheets. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2506.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barna M, Pandolfi PP, Niswander L. Gli3 and Plzf cooperate in proximal limb patterning at early stages of limb development. Nature. 2005;436(7048):277-281.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Masgrau L, Roujeinikova A, Johannissen LO, et al. Atomic description of an enzyme reaction dominated by proton tunneling. Science. 2006;312(5771):237-241.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Denison E, Ren GY. Luke Him Sau Architect. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Gavalec M. Decision Making and Optimization: Special Matrices and Their Applications in Economics and Management. Vol 677. (Ramík J, Zimmermann K, eds.). Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Artschwager A, Fischer T, Stellmach D, et al. New Quality of Partnership in the Textile World – Concepts and Technologies. In: Walter L, Kartsounis GA, Carosio S, eds. Transforming Clothing Production into a Demand-Driven, Knowledge-Based, High-Tech Industry: The Leapfrog Paradigm. Springer; 2009:141-200.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care.

Blog post
Luntz S. Titan’s Atmosphere May Have Formed Before Saturn. IFLScience. Published June 24, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Urban Transportation: Issues Related to the South Corridor Study. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim S. Characterization of Ribosomal S6 Protein Phosphorylation and Posssible Control of Ribosome Biogenesis in Arabidopsis Cell Culture. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University; 2004.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. Waiting for a Pastor, Not a Prince. New York Times. November 13, 2016:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
AbbreviationCurr. Probl. Pediatr. Adolesc. Health Care
ISSN (print)1538-5442
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles