How to format your references using the Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Treutlein P. Physics. A single spin feels the vibrations. Science. 2012;335(6076):1584-1585.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xia Y, Gong J-P. Impact of recombinant globular adiponectin on early warm ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat bile duct after liver transplantation. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6426.
A journal article with 3 authors
Freimund DL, Aflatooni K, Batelaan H. Observation of the Kapitza-Dirac effect. Nature. 2001;413(6852):142-143.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ranta E, Lundberg P, Kaitala V, Stenseth NC. Ecology. On the crest of a population wave. Science. 2002;298(5595):973-974.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hanzo L, Keller T. OFDM and MC-CDMA. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Leifert WR, ed. G Protein-Coupled Receptors in Drug Discovery. Vol 552. Humana Press; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Tejchman J, Bobiński J. Continuous and Discontinuous Modelling of Fracture in Plain Concrete under Monotonic Loading. In: Bobiński J, ed. Continuous and Discontinuous Modelling of Fracture in Concrete Using FEM. Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering. Springer; 2013:109-162.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care.

Blog post
Luntz S. Is “Free Will” Just The Result Of Background Noise In The Brain? IFLScience. Published June 20, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ICBM Modernization: Availability Problems and Flight Test Delays in Peacekeeper Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelly LA. Nursing surveillance in the acute care setting: Latent variable development and analysis. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Sharing the Wealth as a Comic Book Goes Hollywood. New York Times. July 28, 2013:BU5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
AbbreviationCurr. Probl. Pediatr. Adolesc. Health Care
ISSN (print)1538-5442
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles