How to format your references using the Drug Metabolism and Disposition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Metabolism and Disposition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leggett AJ (2008) Quantum liquids. Science 319:1203–1205.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krupovic M, and Koonin EV (2014) Evolution of eukaryotic single-stranded DNA viruses of the Bidnaviridae family from genes of four other groups of widely different viruses. Sci Rep 4:5347.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dragert G, Wang K, and James TS (2001) A silent slip event on the deeper Cascadia subduction interface. Science 292:1525–1528.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Leonov I, Poteryaev AI, Gornostyrev YN, Lichtenstein AI, Katsnelson MI, Anisimov VI, and Vollhardt D (2014) Electronic correlations determine the phase stability of iron up to the melting temperature. Sci Rep 4:5585.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soustelle M (2013) Handbook of Heterogenous Kinetics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Otto-Zimmermann K (ed) (2012) Resilient Cities 2: Cities and Adaptation to Climate Change – Proceedings of the Global Forum 2011, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Vasileva-Stojanovska T, and Trajkovik V (2014) Modeling a Quality of Experience Aware Distance Educational System, in ICT Innovations 2013: ICT Innovations and Education (Trajkovik V, and Anastas M eds) pp 45–55, Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Metabolism and Disposition.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) There Might Be Some Unwanted Guests At Your BBQ This Summer, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Review of Estimate in Prime Contract N00019-71-C-0450 With Grumman Aerospace Corporation, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hariharan SB (2017) The Structure of the Blue Whirl: A Soot-Free Reacting Vortex Phenomenon, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR N (2016) Putin Tightens His Grip on Russia’s Parliament With an Election Rout.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leggett, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Leggett, 2008; Krupovic and Koonin, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krupovic and Koonin, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Leonov et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Metabolism and Disposition
AbbreviationDrug Metab. Dispos.
ISSN (print)0090-9556
ISSN (online)1521-009X
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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