How to format your references using the Drug Metabolism and Disposition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Metabolism and Disposition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickinson DK (2011) Teachers’ language practices and academic outcomes of preschool children. Science 333:964–967.
A journal article with 2 authors
Parker HG, and Ostrander EA (2014) Cancer. Hiding in plain view--an ancient dog in the modern world. Science 343:376–378.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cossairt BM, Diawara M-C, and Cummins CC (2009) Facile synthesis of AsP3. Science 323:602.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Li YJ, Oslonovitch J, Mazouz N, Plenge F, Krischer K, and Ertl G (2001) Turing-type patterns on electrode surfaces. Science 291:2395–2398.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chartered Institute of Building (2016) Code of Practice for Programme Management in the Built Environment, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ploug T, Hasle P, and Oinas-Kukkonen H (eds) (2010) Persuasive Technology: 5th International Conference, PERSUASIVE 2010, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 7-10, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
van den Heuvel W-J (2007) To Adapt or Not to Adapt, That is the Question, in Enterprise Interoperability: New Challenges and Approaches (Doumeingts G, Müller J, Morel G, and Vallespir B eds) pp 45–54, Springer, London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Metabolism and Disposition.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Eyes In The sky: Cutting NASA Earth Observations Would Be A Costly Mistake, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Passenger Rail Security: Federal Strategy and Enhanced Coordination Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Samel C (2014) Imagination and negotiation: Motivations for Cambodian women to marry Cambodian American men, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meyerowitz R, and Kelly S (2007) Box Seats; THE BIRDS OF SUMMER.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dickinson, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Dickinson, 2011; Parker and Ostrander, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Parker and Ostrander, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Metabolism and Disposition
AbbreviationDrug Metab. Dispos.
ISSN (print)0090-9556
ISSN (online)1521-009X
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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