How to format your references using the Drug Metabolism and Disposition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Metabolism and Disposition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morken JP (2014) Organic chemistry: Catalysis marches on. Nature 508:324–325.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rella SF, and Uchida M (2014) A Southern Ocean trigger for Northwest Pacific ventilation during the Holocene? Sci Rep 4:4046.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wood RA, Grotzinger JP, and Dickson JAD (2002) Proterozoic modular biomineralized metazoan from the Nama Group, Namibia. Science 296:2383–2386.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Auboeuf D, Hönig A, Berget SM, and O’Malley BW (2002) Coordinate regulation of transcription and splicing by steroid receptor coregulators. Science 298:416–419.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marage J-P, and Mori Y (2013) Sonar and Underwater Acoustics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kitada M, Williams E, and Froholdt LL (eds) (2015) Maritime Women: Global Leadership, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown MS, and Arnold CB (2010) Fundamentals of Laser-Material Interaction and Application to Multiscale Surface Modification, in Laser Precision Microfabrication (Sugioka K, Meunier M, and Piqué A eds) pp 91–120, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Metabolism and Disposition.

Blog post
Andrews R (2015) The Cacao Tree Is A Lot Older Than We Thought, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Social Security Student Benefits for Postsecondary Students Should Be Discontinued, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Navolio LM (2004) The process of individuation as embodied in symbols, images, and alchemical motifs: A psychological study based on twelve paintings by Remedios Varo, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2017) Pension Crisis in Puerto Rico Fleeces Young.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morken, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Morken, 2014; Rella and Uchida, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rella and Uchida, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Auboeuf et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Metabolism and Disposition
AbbreviationDrug Metab. Dispos.
ISSN (print)0090-9556
ISSN (online)1521-009X
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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