How to format your references using the Drug Metabolism and Disposition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Metabolism and Disposition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scully T (2013) Tuberculosis. Nature 502:S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grasset EK, and Cerutti A (2014) Immunology. Retroviral help for B cells. Science 346:1454–1455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lönnstedt OM, McCormick MI, and Chivers DP (2013) Predator-induced changes in the growth of eyes and false eyespots. Sci Rep 3:2259.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Herrero M, Thornton PK, Notenbaert AM, Wood S, Msangi S, Freeman HA, Bossio D, Dixon J, Peters M, van de Steeg J, Lynam J, Parthasarathy Rao P, Macmillan S, Gerard B, McDermott J, Seré C, and Rosegrant M (2010) Smart investments in sustainable food production: revisiting mixed crop-livestock systems. Science 327:822–825.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson RC (2010) The Hedge Fund Book, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mazzeo A, Bellini R, and Motta G (eds) (2008) E-Government Ict Professionalism and Competences Service Science, Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Stephens FO, and Aigner KR (2016) Symptoms of Cancer: Local and General, in Basics of Oncology (Aigner KR ed) pp 47–52, Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Metabolism and Disposition.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Conservation Tags To Track Animals Are Being Hijacked By Poachers, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) FAA Computer Systems: Limited Progress on Year 2000 Issue Increases Risk Dramatically, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ekstrom JE (2009) Factors influencing retention in a residential treatment program, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J (2016) On Big Stage, Ward Makes Big Statement.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scully, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Scully, 2013; Grasset and Cerutti, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grasset and Cerutti, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Herrero et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Metabolism and Disposition
AbbreviationDrug Metab. Dispos.
ISSN (print)0090-9556
ISSN (online)1521-009X
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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