How to format your references using the Drug Metabolism and Disposition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug Metabolism and Disposition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carninci P (2014) Genomics: mice in the ENCODE spotlight. Nature 515:346–347.
A journal article with 2 authors
Di Paolo G, and De Camilli P (2006) Phosphoinositides in cell regulation and membrane dynamics. Nature 443:651–657.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pronin SV, Reiher CA, and Shenvi RA (2013) Stereoinversion of tertiary alcohols to tertiary-alkyl isonitriles and amines. Nature 501:195–199.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Barber DL, Wherry EJ, Masopust D, Zhu B, Allison JP, Sharpe AH, Freeman GJ, and Ahmed R (2006) Restoring function in exhausted CD8 T cells during chronic viral infection. Nature 439:682–687.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva LS, Simões R, Gervásio H, and Couchman G (2015) Design of Steel Structures, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Dobre M, and Nyden T (eds) (2013) Cartesian Empiricisms, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang J, Li X, Chen K, and Zhang W (2012) Attack Based on Direct Sum Decomposition against the Nonlinear Filter Generator, in Progress in Cryptology - AFRICACRYPT 2012: 5th International Conference on Cryptology in Africa, Ifrance, Morocco, July 10-12, 2012. Proceedings (Mitrokotsa A, and Vaudenay S eds) pp 53–66, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug Metabolism and Disposition.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Your Devices’ Latest Feature? They Can Spy On Your Every Move, IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Information Technology: Leading Commercial Practices for Outsourcing of Services, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Casco D (2014) Consonance: An inter play of music and design to evoke curiosity and awareness of our musical identity, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM (2017) They’re Like a Sitcom. Really.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carninci, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Di Paolo and De Camilli, 2006; Carninci, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Di Paolo and De Camilli, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Barber et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug Metabolism and Disposition
AbbreviationDrug Metab. Dispos.
ISSN (print)0090-9556
ISSN (online)1521-009X
ScopePharmaceutical Science
Pharmacology

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