How to format your references using the Psychology of Well-Being citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Well-Being. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brody H. Colorectal cancer. Nature. 2015 May 14;521(7551):S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Enquist JA Jr, Stoltz BM. The total synthesis of (-)-cyanthiwigin F by means of double catalytic enantioselective alkylation. Nature. 2008 Jun 26;453(7199):1228–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koskinen TT, Aylward AD, Miller S. A stability limit for the atmospheres of giant extrasolar planets. Nature. 2007 Dec 6;450(7171):845–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Saito Y, Takeda J, Okada M, Kobayashi J, Kato A, Hirota K, et al. The proteasome factor Bag101 binds to Rad22 and suppresses homologous recombination. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:2022.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwarz DR. Reading the European Novel to 1900. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Shergill I, Arya M, Upile T, Arya N, Dasgupta P, editors. Surgical Emergencies in Clinical Practice. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
O’Donoghue T, Harford J. Secondary School Education in Other Catholic Boys’ Secondary Schools in Ireland, 1922–1962. In: Harford J, editor. Secondary School Education in Ireland: History, Memories and Life Stories, 1922–1967. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 87–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Well-Being.

Blog post
Andrew E. Watch This Hydrogel Strut Across A Table. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Weather Satellites: Economies Available by Converging Government Meteorological Satellites. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Apr. Report No.: NSIAD-87-107.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pierce ZD. The relationship between nursing instructors’ transformational leadership behaviors in the clinical learning environment and associate degree nursing students’ communication apprehension [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Still Standing, if Barely Upright, Cubs Face a Quick Turnaround. New York Times. 2017 Oct 14;SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brody 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Brody 2015; Enquist and Stoltz 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Enquist and Stoltz 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Saito et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Well-Being
AbbreviationPsychol. Well Being
ISSN (online)2211-1522

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