How to format your references using the Psychology of Well-Being citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Well-Being. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. A delicate balance. Nature. 2004 May 20;429(6989):323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peebles PJE, Nusser A. Nearby galaxies as pointers to a better theory of cosmic evolution. Nature. 2010 Jun 3;465(7298):565–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ackman JB, Burbridge TJ, Crair MC. Retinal waves coordinate patterned activity throughout the developing visual system. Nature. 2012 Oct 11;490(7419):219–25.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pan Y, Xie YH, Deng ZM, Tang Y, Pan DD. High water level impedes the adaptation of Polygonum hydropiper to deep burial: responses of biomass allocation and root morphology. Sci. Rep. 2014 Jul 8;4:5612.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Westermeier R. Electrophoresis in Practice. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
Nunno GD, Øksendal B, Proske F, editors. Malliavin Calculus for Lévy Processes with Applications to Finance. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Tapas Si. Grammatical Evolution Using Fireworks Algorithm. In: Pant M, Deep K, Bansal JC, Nagar A, Das KN, editors. Proceedings of Fifth International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving: SocProS 2015, Volume 1. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Well-Being.

Blog post
Andrew E. Hedgehog Snoring Is The Cutest Thing You’ll Hear All Day [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:’ll-hear-all-day/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Payments for Independent Research and Development and Bid and Proposal Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Apr. Report No.: B-167034.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Choi KK. Conspiracy and alternative crimes in the Military Commissions Act of 2009: Is There a Way Out? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hess FM, Darling-Hammond L. How to Rescue Education Reform. New York Times. 2011 Dec 6;A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Peebles and Nusser 2010; Smaglik 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peebles and Nusser 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Pan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Well-Being
AbbreviationPsychol. Well Being
ISSN (online)2211-1522

Other styles