How to format your references using the Psychology of Well-Being citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Well-Being. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Flower R. Drug receptors: a long engagement. Nature. 2002 Feb 7;415(6872):587.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liao J-Q, Nori F. Single-photon quadratic optomechanics. Sci. Rep. 2014 Sep 9;4:6302.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kobayashi S, Goto-Yamamoto N, Hirochika H. Retrotransposon-induced mutations in grape skin color. Science. 2004 May 14;304(5673):982.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Belluscio L, Lodovichi C, Feinstein P, Mombaerts P, Katz LC. Odorant receptors instruct functional circuitry in the mouse olfactory bulb. Nature. 2002 Sep 19;419(6904):296–300.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tapiero CS. Risk Finance and Asset Pricing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Lee R, editor. Software Engineering, Artificial Intelligence, Networking and Parallel/Distributed Computing. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Lengstorf J, Leggetter P. Determining the App’s Functionality and Structure. In: Leggetter P, editor. Realtime Web Apps: With HTML5 WebSocket, PHP, and jQuery. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2013. p. 65–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Well-Being.

Blog post
Andrew E. Methane Found in Martian Meteorites [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Safety Effects of Less Prescriptive Requirements for Low-Stress Natural Gas Transmission Pipelines Are Uncertain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Feb. Report No.: GAO-12-389R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
So RJ. Coolie democracy: U.S.-China political and literary exchange, 1925-1955 [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. How Plan to Help City Pay Pensions Backfired. New York Times. 2012 Sep 4;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Flower 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Flower 2002; Liao and Nori 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liao and Nori 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Belluscio et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Well-Being
AbbreviationPsychol. Well Being
ISSN (online)2211-1522

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