How to format your references using the Psychology of Well-Being citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Well-Being. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz D. World view: Politicize me. Nature. 2010 Sep 2;467(7311):26.
A journal article with 2 authors
Downer M, Zgadzaj R. Accelerator physics: Surf’s up at SLAC. Nature. 2014 Nov 6;515(7525):40–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chabre M, Cone R, Saibil H. Biophysics: is rhodopsin dimeric in native retinal rods? Nature. 2003 Nov 6;426(6962):30–1; discussion 31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Flo TH, Smith KD, Sato S, Rodriguez DJ, Holmes MA, Strong RK, et al. Lipocalin 2 mediates an innate immune response to bacterial infection by sequestrating iron. Nature. 2004 Dec 16;432(7019):917–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee Abbott M, McKinney J. Understanding and Applying Research Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Issariyakul T. Introduction to Network Simulator NS2. Second Edition. Hossain E, editor. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Keramaris E, Pechlivanidis G. Inclined Open Channels: The Influence of Bed in Turbulent Characteristics of the Flow. In: Braza M, Bottaro A, Thompson M, editors. Advances in Fluid-Structure Interaction: Updated contributions reflecting new findings presented at the ERCOFTAC Symposium on Unsteady Separation in Fluid-Structure Interaction, 17-21 June 2013, St John Resort, Mykonos, Greece. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 75–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Well-Being.

Blog post
Evans K. Welsh Farmer Accidentally Creates World’s Hottest Chili. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airport Improvement Program: Update of Allocation of Funds and Passenger Facility Charges, 1992-94. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Jul. Report No.: RCED-95-225FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shan J. A Theoretical Investigation of Radial Lateral Wells with Shockwave Completion in Shale Gas Reservoirs [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burns A, Goodnough A. Democrats Focus On Bill’s Stance On Prior Illness. New York Times. 2017 May 6;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Downer and Zgadzaj 2014; Sarewitz 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Downer and Zgadzaj 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Flo et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Well-Being
AbbreviationPsychol. Well Being
ISSN (online)2211-1522

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