How to format your references using the Psychology of Well-Being citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Well-Being. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McFarland E. Chemistry. Unconventional chemistry for unconventional natural gas. Science. 2012 Oct 19;338(6105):340–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubin EM, Tall A. Perspectives for vascular genomics. Nature. 2000 Sep 14;407(6801):265–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutz W, Sanderson W, Scherbov S. The coming acceleration of global population ageing. Nature. 2008 Feb 7;451(7179):716–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim BG, Kim H-J, Back S, Nam KW, Jung Y, Han Y-K, et al. Improved reversibility in lithium-oxygen battery: understanding elementary reactions and surface charge engineering of metal alloy catalyst. Sci. Rep. 2014 Feb 27;4:4225.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moe TM, Chubb JE. Liberating Learning. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass; 2009.
An edited book
Katada SN, Solís M, editors. Cross Regional Trade Agreements: Understanding Permeated Regionalism in East Asia. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Gonzalez MA. Badlands of the Northern Great Plains: Hell with the Fires Out. In: Migon P, editor. Geomorphological Landscapes of the World. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 29–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Well-Being.

Blog post
Hale T. Watch This Beetle Create Its Own Scuba Diving Equipment [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Environmental Satellites: Strategy Needed to Sustain Critical Climate and Space Weather Measurements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Apr. Report No.: GAO-10-456.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berkow K. Importance of Effective Leadership for the Success of Mergers and Acquisitions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff J. Creating a Safer Phone Battery (This One Won’t Catch Fire). New York Times. 2016 Dec 12;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McFarland 2012).
This sentence cites two references (McFarland 2012; Rubin and Tall 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rubin and Tall 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Well-Being
AbbreviationPsychol. Well Being
ISSN (online)2211-1522

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