How to format your references using the The Analysis of Verbal Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Analysis of Verbal Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). The skills hunt. Nature, 431(7004), 109.
A journal article with 2 authors
Link, C. D., & Saldi, T. K. (2012). Development. Cell death by glutamine repeats? Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6071), 926–927.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell, J. F., Stoner, G. R., & Reynolds, J. H. (2004). Object-based attention determines dominance in binocular rivalry. Nature, 429(6990), 410–413.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brand, A., Behrend, O., Marquardt, T., McAlpine, D., & Grothe, B. (2002). Precise inhibition is essential for microsecond interaural time difference coding. Nature, 417(6888), 543–547.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leung, M.-Y., Chan, I. Y. S., & Cooper, C. L. (2014). Stress Management in the Construction Industry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Agon, C., Andreatta, M., Assayag, G., Amiot, E., Bresson, J., & Mandereau, J. (Eds.). (2011). Mathematics and Computation in Music: Third International Conference, MCM 2011, Paris, France, June 15-17, 2011. Proceedings (Vol. 6726). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Balaram, V., Kamala, C. T., Mathur, R., Rao, A. S., & Satyanarayanan, M. (2013). PGE in Road Dust/Top Soil from Major Indian Cities: Implications on Human Health and Environment. In M. Ramkumar (Ed.), On a Sustainable Future of the Earth’s Natural Resources (pp. 85–107). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Analysis of Verbal Behavior.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, March 29). Dozens Of Scientific Papers Withdrawn After Peer-Review Fraud Uncovered. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Medicare Part D: CMS Has Implemented Processes to Oversee Plan Finder Pricing Accuracy and Improve Website Usability (No. GAO-14-143). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Neil, D. M. (2013). Climate frequencies of the early Holocene from Foy Lake, Montana (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2008, August 17). Graduation Rates Rise, and Bar Is Raised. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Link and Saldi 2012; Smaglik 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Link and Saldi 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Brand et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Analysis of Verbal Behavior
AbbreviationAnal. Verbal Behav.
ISSN (print)0889-9401
ISSN (online)2196-8926
Scope

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