How to format your references using the Trends in Biochemical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Biochemical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thomas, J.M. (2015) Catalysis: Tens of thousands of atoms replaced by one. Nature 525, 325–326
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, Y. and Sontheimer, E.J. (2014) Structural biology. Cascading into focus. Science 345, 1452–1453
A journal article with 3 authors
He, Y. et al. (2003) Regulation of flowering time by histone acetylation in Arabidopsis. Science 302, 1751–1754
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Okada, C. et al. (2009) A high-resolution structure of the pre-microRNA nuclear export machinery. Science 326, 1275–1279

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benslama, M. et al. (2016) Transitions from Digital Communications to Quantum Communications, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Witzany, G., ed. (2011) Biocommunication in Soil Microorganisms, 23Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bloehdorn, S. and Sure, Y. (2007) Kernel Methods for Mining Instance Data in Ontologies. In The Semantic Web: 6th International Semantic Web Conference, 2nd Asian Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2007 + ASWC 2007, Busan, Korea, November 11-15, 2007. Proceedings (Aberer, K. et al., eds), pp. 58–71, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Biochemical Sciences.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 20-Jul-(2015) , Arctic Sea Ice Had A Massive 41% Increase In Summer 2013, But Overall It’s Still Shrinking. , IFLScience. [Online]. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) National Airspace System: FAA Has Made Progress but Continues to Face Challenges in Acquiring Major Air Traffic Control Systems, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taylor, C. (2011) , The Crowd. , Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Arango, T. and Gordon, M.R. 09-Jul-(2017) , ISIS Is Routed As Iraqi Forces Reclaim Mosul. , New York Times, A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Biochemical Sciences
AbbreviationTrends Biochem. Sci.
ISSN (print)0968-0004
Molecular Biology

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