How to format your references using the Trends in Biochemical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Biochemical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blázquez, M.A. (2005) Plant science. The right time and place for making flowers. Science 309, 1024–1025
A journal article with 2 authors
Venitt, S. and Phillips, D.H. (2012) Philip D. Lawley (1927-2011). Nature 482, 36
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, B. et al. (2013) Bulk modulus for polar covalent crystals. Sci. Rep. 3, 3068
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Zong, S. et al. (2014) Assessing telomere length using surface enhanced Raman scattering. Sci. Rep. 4, 6977

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Venkataraman, K. (2015) Design of Jigs, Fixtures and Press Tools, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Liu, J. (2011) Reliability of Microtechnology: Interconnects, Devices and Systems, (1st edn) Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, J. and Huang, S. (2007) Estimating Array Connectivity and Applying Multi-output Node Structure in Evolutionary Design of Digital Circuits. In Evolvable Systems: From Biology to Hardware: 7th International Conference, ICES 2007, Wuhan, China, September 21-23, 2007 Proceedings (Kang, L. et al., eds), pp. 45–56, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Biochemical Sciences.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 30-Sep-(2016) , The Soldiers Who Died Of Homesickness. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency (Chinese Version), U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aghaee, M. (2016) , Analysis of Dynamics and Optimal Control for an SIR Epidemiological Model with Time-varying Populations. , Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M.M. and Maynard, M. 07-May-(2010) , Thousands Line Up at Ballpark For Farewell to Voice of Tigers. , New York Times, B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Biochemical Sciences
AbbreviationTrends Biochem. Sci.
ISSN (print)0968-0004
Molecular Biology

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