How to format your references using the Trends in Biochemical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Biochemical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smithies, O. (2010) Science brick by brick. Nature 467, S6
A journal article with 2 authors
Camilli, A. and Bassler, B.L. (2006) Bacterial small-molecule signaling pathways. Science 311, 1113–1116
A journal article with 3 authors
Spéder, P. et al. (2006) Type ID unconventional myosin controls left-right asymmetry in Drosophila. Nature 440, 803–807
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Fulweiler, R.W. et al. (2007) Reversal of the net dinitrogen gas flux in coastal marine sediments. Nature 448, 180–182

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kula, G. et al. (2017) Beyond Smart Beta, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Takahashi, K. et al., eds. (2007) Wide Bandgap Semiconductors: Fundamental Properties and Modern Photonic and Electronic Devices, Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Kopczak, L.R. and Matthews, G. (2016) Measuring Markets That Supply Cash-Based Humanitarian Interventions. In Advances in Managing Humanitarian Operations (Zobel, C. W. et al., eds), pp. 79–109, Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Biochemical Sciences.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017) SpaceX Wants To Start Launching Rockets “Every Two To Three Weeks”. IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) The Federal Role in Merchant Marine Officer Education, U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Otarola, A.C. (2008) The effects of turbulence in an absorbing atmosphere on the propagation of microwave signals used in an active sounding system. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D. and Davis, J.H. (2017) U.S. Ends Program Giving ‘Dreamers’ Legal ProtectionNew York Times, A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Biochemical Sciences
AbbreviationTrends Biochem. Sci.
ISSN (print)0968-0004
Molecular Biology

Other styles