How to format your references using the Trends in Biochemical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Biochemical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levi, M.A. (2004) Dreaming of clean nukes. Nature 428, 892
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, H.-Y. and Malbon, C.C. (2003) Wnt signaling, Ca2+, and cyclic GMP: visualizing Frizzled functions. Science 300, 1529–1530
A journal article with 3 authors
Fischle, W. et al. (2003) Binary switches and modification cassettes in histone biology and beyond. Nature 425, 475–479
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Jung, H.Y. et al. (2014) Origin of the improved mobility and photo-bias stability in a double-channel metal oxide transistor. Sci. Rep. 4, 3765

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Camarillo, G. and García-Martín, M.A. (2005) The 3G IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wymyslowski, A. et al., eds. (2015) Molecular Modeling and Multiscaling Issues for Electronic Material Applications: Volume 2, Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Qu, K. and Brooijmans, N. (2007) Structure-Based Drug Design. In Computational Methods for Protein Structure Prediction and Modeling: Volume 2: Structure Prediction (Xu, Y. et al., eds), pp. 135–176, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Biochemical Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J. 15-May-(2016) , Carnivorous Bats Evolved Special Skulls. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Student Financial Aid: Schools’ Experiences Using the National Student Loan Data System, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ouyang, A. (2006) , Embryonic Stem Cell Culture in Fibrous Bed Bioreactor. , Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philipps, D. 26-Jul-(2017) , ‘I Would Love for My President to Meet Me.’ , New York Times, A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Biochemical Sciences
AbbreviationTrends Biochem. Sci.
ISSN (print)0968-0004
Molecular Biology

Other styles