How to format your references using the Aquatic Living Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Living Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aldiss B.W., 2001, Desperately seeking aliens. Nature 409, 1080–1082.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kalnay E., Cai M., 2003, Impact of urbanization and land-use change on climate. Nature 423, 528–531.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayya A., Banerjee A., Rajesh R., 2013, Mammalian cortical bone in tension is non-Haversian. Sci. Rep. 3, 2533.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Resta A., Leoni T., Barth C., Ranguis A., Becker C., Bruhn T., Vogt P., Le Lay G., 2013, Atomic structures of silicene layers grown on Ag(111): scanning tunneling microscopy and noncontact atomic force microscopy observations. Sci. Rep. 3, 2399.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 2003, Guidelines for Investigating Chemical Process Incidents. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wang J., Yi Z., Zurada J.M., Lu B.-L., Yin H. (Eds.), 2006, Advances in Neural Networks - ISNN 2006: Third International Symposium on Neural Networks, Chengdu, China, May 28 - June 1, 2006, Proceedings, Part III, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krauss W., 2015, Anthropology in the Anthropocene: Sustainable Development, Climate Change and Interdisciplinary Research. In: Greschke H., Tischler J. (Eds.), Grounding Global Climate Change: Contributions from the Social and Cultural Sciences. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, pp. 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Living Resources.

Blog post
Hale T., 2016, This Blue or Green Spectrum Illusion Depends On How Your Brain Perceives Color [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985, Federal Agencies’ Policies and Practices Are in Accordance With Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980 ( No. RCED-85-94). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
BenVau L., 2014, Effects of larval Nosema ceranae infection on adult honey bee (Apis mellifera) morphology and physiology (Doctoral dissertation). La Jolla, CA, University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G., 2009, Mileposts, With South Africa Around the Bend. New York Times SP10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aldiss 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Aldiss 2001; Kalnay and Cai 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kalnay and Cai 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Resta et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Living Resources
AbbreviationAquat. Living Resour.
ISSN (print)0990-7440
ISSN (online)1765-2952
ScopeAquatic Science

Other styles