How to format your references using the Aquatic Living Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Living Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilczek F., 2000, Particle physics. Backyard exotica. Nature 404, 452–453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Machin S., Pekkarinen T., 2008, Assessment. Global sex differences in test score variability. Science 322, 1331–1332.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fan Y., Yu D., Yao Y.-G., 2014, Tree shrew database (TreeshrewDB): a genomic knowledge base for the Chinese tree shrew. Sci. Rep. 4, 7145.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eden S., Rohatgi R., Podtelejnikov A.V., Mann M., Kirschner M.W., 2002, Mechanism of regulation of WAVE1-induced actin nucleation by Rac1 and Nck. Nature 418, 790–793.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tagliani M., 2009, The Practical Guide to Wall Street. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bhattacharya N., Stubblefield P.G. (Eds.), 2016, Human Fetal Growth and Development: First and Second Trimesters. Cham, Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ivanova E.P., Kurilenko A., Wang F., Crawford R.J., 2010, Comparative Genomics of Pathogens. In: Sintchenko V. (Ed.), Infectious Disease Informatics. New York, NY, Springer, pp. 73–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Living Resources.

Blog post
Hamilton K., 2016, 8 Space Reasons To Look Up In 2017 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990, Aircraft Maintenance: Potential Shortage in National Aircraft Repair Capacity ( No. RCED-91-14). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hussmann S., 2014, Profiling Drilling Fluid Invasion in Sandstones Using Water Based Muds: Implications for Bridging and Wellbore Strengthening Effects (Doctoral dissertation). Lafayette, LA, University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt M.S., 2017, Trump Appears Unlikely to Hinder Comey’s Testimony About Russia Investigation. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilczek 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Machin and Pekkarinen 2008; Wilczek 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Machin and Pekkarinen 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Eden et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Living Resources
AbbreviationAquat. Living Resour.
ISSN (print)0990-7440
ISSN (online)1765-2952
ScopeAquatic Science

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