How to format your references using the Aquatic Living Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Living Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ledford H., 2008, Beyond the Triangle. Nature 452, 908–909.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goyal S., Zandstra P.W., 2015, Stem cells: Chasing blood. Nature 518, 488–490.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sibanda B.L., Chirgadze D.Y., Blundell T.L., 2010, Crystal structure of DNA-PKcs reveals a large open-ring cradle comprised of HEAT repeats. Nature 463, 118–121.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu B., Pan J., Ge L., Wu L., Wang H., Xu T., 2014, Oriented MOF-polymer composite nanofiber membranes for high proton conductivity at high temperature and anhydrous condition. Sci. Rep. 4, 4334.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang B., Qiu D., 2014, Sneak Circuits of Power Electronic Converters. Singapore, John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Liu B.-L., Lee S.-J., Wang L., Xu Y., Li X. (Eds.), 2014, Contemporary Logistics in China: Assimilation and Innovation, Current Chinese Economic Report Series. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Buendía-García F., Benlloch-Dualde J.V., 2012, Concept Maps and Patterns for Designing Learning Scenarios Based on Digital-Ink Technologies. In: Vittorini P., Gennari R., Marenzi I., Prieta F. de la, Rodríguez J.M.C. (Eds.), International Workshop on Evidence-Based Technology Enhanced Learning, Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, pp. 27–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Living Resources.

Blog post
Fang J., 2014, Humpback Whales No Longer Threatened? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983, Need To Improve Management of ACDA’s Automatic Data Processing and Operations Analysis Functions ( No. NSIAD-83-66). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nichols J., 2012, Genetic and genomic mechanisms of neonatal hyperoxic lung injury in the inbred mouse (Doctoral dissertation). Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barker K., Secret M., Fausset R., 2015, Gunman’s Many Identities in a Life of Wrong Turns. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ledford 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Goyal and Zandstra 2015; Ledford 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goyal and Zandstra 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Living Resources
AbbreviationAquat. Living Resour.
ISSN (print)0990-7440
ISSN (online)1765-2952
ScopeAquatic Science

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