How to format your references using the Aquatic Living Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Living Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stein L., 2002, Creating a bioinformatics nation. Nature 417, 119–120.
A journal article with 2 authors
Metrangolo P., Resnati G., 2008, Chemistry. Halogen versus hydrogen. Science 321, 918–919.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mongillo G., Barak O., Tsodyks M., 2008, Synaptic theory of working memory. Science 319, 1543–1546.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dou J., Vorobieva A.A., Sheffler W., Doyle L.A., Park H., Bick M.J., Mao B., Foight G.W., Lee M.Y., Gagnon L.A., Carter L., Sankaran B., Ovchinnikov S., Marcos E., Huang P.-S., Vaughan J.C., Stoddard B.L., Baker D., 2018, De novo design of a fluorescence-activating β-barrel. Nature 561, 485–491.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Likhtenshtein G., 2012, Solar Energy Conversion. Weinheim, Germany, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Rubin I.L., Merrick J., Greydanus D.E., Patel D.R. (Eds.), 2016, Health Care for People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities across the Lifespan. Cham, Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Combes C., Azema J., 2014, Inference of Markov Chain Models by Using k-Testable Language: Application on Aging People. In: Nguyen N.T., Kowalczyk R., Fred A., Joaquim F. (Eds.), Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XVII, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, pp. 89–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Living Resources.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J., 2017, Earth’s Meteorites Were Very Different 500 Million Years Ago [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016, West Coast Ports: Better Supply Chain Information Could Improve DOT’s Freight Efforts ( No. GAO-17-23). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moreau G.A., 2009, Touch and psychotherapy: A journey to the depths of the unconscious and back again (Doctoral dissertation). Carpinteria, CA, Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G., 2011, The Dangerous Cocoon Of King Football. New York Times B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stein 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Metrangolo and Resnati 2008; Stein 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Metrangolo and Resnati 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Dou et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Living Resources
AbbreviationAquat. Living Resour.
ISSN (print)0990-7440
ISSN (online)1765-2952
ScopeAquatic Science

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