How to format your references using the Aquatic Living Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Living Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Springer T.A., 2002, Immunology. Retrospective: César Milstein (1927-2002). Science 296, 1253.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nori F., Tonomura A., 2006, Applied physics. Helical spin order on the move. Science 311, 344–345.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taylor M.W., Thacker R.W., Hentschel U., 2007, Genetics. Evolutionary insights from sponges. Science 316, 1854–1855.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shigenobu Y., Fujimoto K., Ambe D., Kaeriyama H., Ono T., Morinaga K., Nakata K., Morita T., Watanabe T., 2014, Radiocesium contamination of greenlings (Hexagrammos otakii) off the coast of Fukushima. Sci. Rep. 4, 6851.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stanley W., Pamela B., 2017, The Complete Guide to Fundraising Management. Hoboken, New Jersey, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Davies J., 2007, The Definitive Guide to SOA: BEA AquaLogic® Service Bus. Berkeley, CA, Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Klai K., Desel J., 2012, Checking Soundness of Business Processes Compositionally Using Symbolic Observation Graphs. In: Giese H., Rosu G. (Eds.), Formal Techniques for Distributed Systems: Joint 14th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, FMOODS 2012 and 32nd IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, FORTE 2012, Stockholm, Sweden, June 13-16, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, pp. 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Living Resources.

Blog post
Andrew D., 2016, Alzheimer’s Breakthrough? Have We Nearly Cured Dementia? Not Just Yet… [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976, Assistance Provided for the Construction of Higher Education Academic Facilities ( No. 100131). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burnley T., 2012, Psychotherapist as Modern-Day Shaman (Doctoral dissertation). Carpinteria, CA, Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J., 2016, Bruce Limps Off, and the Mets Crumble. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Springer 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Nori and Tonomura 2006; Springer 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nori and Tonomura 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Shigenobu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Living Resources
AbbreviationAquat. Living Resour.
ISSN (print)0990-7440
ISSN (online)1765-2952
ScopeAquatic Science

Other styles