How to format your references using the Aquatic Living Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Living Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steeg P.S., 2012, Perspective: The right trials. Nature 485, S58-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheetham A.K., Rao C.N.R., 2007, Materials science. There’s room in the middle. Science 318, 58–59.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ma L., Teruya-Feldstein J., Weinberg R.A., 2007, Tumour invasion and metastasis initiated by microRNA-10b in breast cancer. Nature 449, 682–688.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Montañez I.P., Tabor N.J., Niemeier D., Dimichele W.A., Frank T.D., Fielding C.R., Isbell J.L., Birgenheier L.P., Rygel M.C., 2007, CO2-forced climate and vegetation instability during Late Paleozoic deglaciation. Science 315, 87–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schober H., 2015, Transparent Shells. Berlin, Germany, Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG.
An edited book
Danaev N., Shokin Y., Darkhan A.-Z. (Eds.), 2015, Mathematical Modeling of Technological Processes: 8th International Conference, CITech 2015, Almaty, Kazakhstan, September 24-27, 2015, Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Cham, Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Caputo J.S., 2016, Peacebuilding through Dialogue in Northern Ireland. In: Roy S., Shaw I.S. (Eds.), Communicating Differences: Culture, Media, Peace and Conflict Negotiation. London, Palgrave Macmillan UK, pp. 54–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Living Resources.

Blog post
Andrews R., 2016, Why Does Cutting Up An Onion Make You Cry? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010, Public Transportation: Use of Contractors is Generally Enhancing Transit Project Oversight, and FTA is Taking Actions to Address Some Stakeholder Concerns ( No. GAO-10-909). Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gilmore A.G., 2017, Quantification of oxidative reaction efficiencies for hydroxyl radical oxidized antibiotics (Doctoral dissertation). Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
JOSEPH KELLY; Joseph Kelly of Croton-on-Hudson is a member of its Planning Board Watch Committee, a citizens group interested in local planning issues, 1984, SHOPPING AROUND FOR PROPERTY TAX IS THREAT TO ORDER. New York Times 11WC26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Steeg 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Cheetham and Rao 2007; Steeg 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheetham and Rao 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Montañez et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Living Resources
AbbreviationAquat. Living Resour.
ISSN (print)0990-7440
ISSN (online)1765-2952
ScopeAquatic Science

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