How to format your references using the The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kabat P. Systems science for policy evaluation. Science. 2012;336(6087):1398.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Clift PD, Blusztajn J. Reorganization of the western Himalayan river system after five million years ago. Nature. 2005;438(7070):1001-1003.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Xing M, Li X, Zhang J. Synergistic effect on the visible light activity of Ti3+ doped TiO2 nanorods/boron doped graphene composite. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5493.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
1.
Himler AG, Adachi-Hagimori T, Bergen JE, Kozuch A, Kelly SE, Tabashnik BE, Chiel E, Duckworth VE, Dennehy TJ, Zchori-Fein E, Hunter MS. Rapid spread of a bacterial symbiont in an invasive whitefly is driven by fitness benefits and female bias. Science. 2011;332(6026):254-256.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Simonović SP. Systems Approach to Management of Disasters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Dunaif A, Chang RJ, Franks S, Legro RS, eds. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Current Controversies, From The Ovary To The Pancreas. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Duguet E, Treguer-Delapierre M, Delville M-H. Functionalised Inorganic Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications. In: Boisseau P, Houdy P, Lahmani M, eds. Nanoscience: Nanobiotechnology and Nanobiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009:129-170.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. ESA Is About To Pick A New Space Mission To Launch In 2025. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/esa-is-about-to-pick-a-new-space-mission-to-launch-in-2025/. Published May 5, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: DHS Has Taken Steps to Enhance International Aviation Security and Facilitate Compliance with International Standards, but Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kuru IC. Time-Dependent Vehicle Routing and Assignment in No-Notice Evacuations. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hagerdon MLK. The Triangle. New York Times. August 16, 2016:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
AbbreviationAm. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.
ISSN (print)0002-9637
ISSN (online)1476-1645
ScopeParasitology
Virology
Infectious Diseases

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