How to format your references using the The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hoag H. Drug development: a chance of survival. Nature. 2014;515(7527):S118-20.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Yethiraj A, van Blaaderen A. A colloidal model system with an interaction tunable from hard sphere to soft and dipolar. Nature. 2003;421(6922):513-517.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sword GA, Lorch PD, Gwynne DT. Insect behaviour: migratory bands give crickets protection. Nature. 2005;433(7027):703.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
1.
Liu B-H, Wißmann S, Hu X-M, Zhang C, Huang Y-F, Li C-F, Guo G-C, Karlsson A, Piilo J, Breuer H-P. Locality and universality of quantum memory effects. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kääriäinen T, Cameron D, Kääriäinen M-L, Sherman A. Atomic Layer Deposition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Singh H. Active Cancellation of Probing in Linear Dipole Phased Array. 1st ed. 2015. (Ankaiah NB, Jha RM, eds.). Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ainbinder D, Godin B, Touitou E. Ethosomes: Enhanced Delivery of Drugs to and Across the Skin. In: Dragicevic N, Maibach HI, eds. Percutaneous Penetration Enhancers Chemical Methods in Penetration Enhancement: Nanocarriers. Springer; 2016:61-75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Explainer: microRNA, The Puppet Master Of The Genome. IFLScience. Published May 6, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/explainer-microrna-puppet-master-genome/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Space Exploration: Cost, Schedule, and Performance of NASA’s Ulysses Mission to the Sun. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Eutz RJ. The experiences of Recovery High School students: Using empirical phenomenology to garner knowledge. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Fernandez M, Kulish N, Anasagasti S. For Migrants, Peril on 18 Wheels; For Smugglers, a Profit Machine. New York Times. July 30, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
AbbreviationAm. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.
ISSN (print)0002-9637
ISSN (online)1476-1645
ScopeParasitology
Virology
Infectious Diseases

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