How to format your references using the Skeletal Muscle citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Skeletal Muscle. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Git A. Research tools: A recipe for disaster. Nature. 2012;484:439–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nienborg H, Cumming BG. Decision-related activity in sensory neurons reflects more than a neuron’s causal effect. Nature. 2009;459:89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Agarwala S, Sanders TA, Ragsdale CW. Sonic hedgehog control of size and shape in midbrain pattern formation. Science. 2001;291:2147–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kim KS, Zhao Y, Jang H, Lee SY, Kim JM, Kim KS, et al. Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes. Nature. 2009;457:706–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dewe PJ, O’Driscoll MP, Cooper CL. Coping with Work Stress. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1. Ge X, Ifenthaler D, Spector JM, editors. Emerging Technologies for STEAM Education: Full STEAM Ahead. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Schiefer HG, Diemer T, Weidner W. Urosepsis. In: Hohenfellner M, Santucci RA, editors. Emergencies in Urology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 45–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Skeletal Muscle.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Reintroduced Beavers In England Help Protect Against Floods And Soil Erosion. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Homeland Security: OMB’s Temporary Cessation of Information Technology Funding for New Investments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Oct. Report No.: GAO-03-186T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mills CC. Olfaction and Exhibition: Assessing the Impact of Scent in Museums on Exhibit Engagement, Learning and Empathy [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. For Aching Knees, a Longer Walk May Be in Store. New York Times. 2001 Aug 26;148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSkeletal Muscle
AbbreviationSkelet. Muscle
ISSN (online)2044-5040
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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