How to format your references using the Skeletal Muscle citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Skeletal Muscle. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cheke RA. Ecology. Thinking long term. Science. 2007;318:577–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rodrigues AR, Tabin CJ. Developmental biology. Deserts and waves in gene expression. Science. 2013;340:1181–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Richards-Dinger K, Stein RS, Toda S. Decay of aftershock density with distance does not indicate triggering by dynamic stress. Nature. 2010;467:583–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schlünzen F, Zarivach R, Harms J, Bashan A, Tocilj A, Albrecht R, et al. Structural basis for the interaction of antibiotics with the peptidyl transferase centre in eubacteria. Nature. 2001;413:814–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bar-Eli M, Plessner H, Raab M. Judgement, Decision Making and Success in Sport. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1. Fritsch M, Schmude J, editors. Entrepreneurship in the Region. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Luo Y, Gao L, Huang J. Information Trading Market Model. In: Gao L, Huang J, editors. Economics of Database-Assisted Spectrum Sharing. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 47–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Skeletal Muscle.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. While Some Bees Are Workers, Others Are Born To Bee Free – Tracking Study Shows [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/while-some-bees-are-workers-others-are-born-to-bee-free-tracking-study-shows/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Monitoring Practices To Show Compliance With Speed Limits Should Be Reexamined. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Feb. Report No.: T-RCED-88-19.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Remon G. Not Here Not Now [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M. Symbols for Satire. New York Times. 2012 Mar 28;B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSkeletal Muscle
AbbreviationSkelet. Muscle
ISSN (online)2044-5040
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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