How to format your references using the Skeletal Muscle citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Skeletal Muscle. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Chyba CF. Energy for microbial life on Europa. Nature. 2000;403:381–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hartland GV, Lo SS. Physics. Spectroscopy beyond the single-particle limit. Science. 2013;341:36–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rakitzis TP, van den Brom AJ, Janssen MHM. Directional dynamics in the photodissociation of oriented molecules. Science. 2004;303:1852–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Stefan-van Staden R-I, Gugoaşă LA, Calenic B, Legler J. Pattern recognition of estradiol, testosterone and dihydrotestosterone in children’s saliva samples using stochastic microsensors. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5579.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rehder D. Chemistry in Space. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
1. Fiala J, Kratochvíl J, Miller M, editors. Combinatorial Algorithms: 20th International Workshop, IWOCA 2009, Hradec nad Moravicí, Czech Republic, June 28–July 2, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Browne IWA. The Observational Properties of Blazars; Selection, Relationships and Unification. In: Mantovani F, Kus A, editors. The Role of VLBI in Astrophysics, Astrometry and Geodesy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. p. 83–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Skeletal Muscle.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. New Theory Could Explain Why Hot Water Freezes Faster Than Cold Water. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Traffic Safety: NHTSA’s Improved Oversight Could Identify Opportunities to Strengthen Management and Safety in Some States. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Jul. Report No.: GAO-08-788.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hatton JD. The Changing Dynamics of Health Care: Physician Perceptions of Technology in Medical Practices [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barker K, Taylor K. A Teacher Accused of Abuse Seen to Have Never Grown Up. New York Times. 2014 Oct 10;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSkeletal Muscle
AbbreviationSkelet. Muscle
ISSN (online)2044-5040
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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