How to format your references using the Skeletal Muscle citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Skeletal Muscle. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Miralda-Escudé J. Cosmology. Probing matter at the lowest densities. Science. 2001;293:1055–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Helms Cahan S, Keller L. Complex hybrid origin of genetic caste determination in harvester ants. Nature. 2003;424:306–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sun L, Song K, Hase WL. A SN2 reaction that avoids its deep potential energy minimum. Science. 2002;296:875–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lucas RJ, Hattar S, Takao M, Berson DM, Foster RG, Yau K-W. Diminished pupillary light reflex at high irradiances in melanopsin-knockout mice. Science. 2003;299:245–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Silk RD, Lintott JW. Managing Foundations and Charitable Trusts. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Li Z, Vulkov L, Waśniewski J, editors. Numerical Analysis and Its Applications: Third International Conference, NAA 2004, Rousse, Bulgaria, June 29-July 3, 2004, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gallo JL, Chasco C. Spatial analysis of urban growth in Spain, 1900–2001. In: Arbia G, Baltagi BH, editors. Spatial Econometrics: Methods and Applications. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2009. p. 59–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Skeletal Muscle.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. From Dark Gravity To Phantom Energy: What’s Driving The Expansion Of The Universe? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Slow Progress in Making Aircraft Cabin Interiors Fireproof. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Jan. Report No.: RCED-93-37.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Okada T. Corporate culture and organizational efficiency in the competitive international market [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barnard A. U.S. Coalition Munition Use Is Scrutinized In Syria. New York Times. 2017 Jun 10;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSkeletal Muscle
AbbreviationSkelet. Muscle
ISSN (online)2044-5040
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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