How to format your references using the Skeletal Muscle citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Skeletal Muscle. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ball P. Triumph of the medieval mind. Nature. 2008;452:816–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Juliano C, Wessel G. Developmental biology. Versatile germline genes. Science. 2010;329:640–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Haskell JP, Ritchie ME, Olff H. Fractal geometry predicts varying body size scaling relationships for mammal and bird home ranges. Nature. 2002;418:527–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Agogué H, Brink M, Dinasquet J, Herndl GJ. Major gradients in putatively nitrifying and non-nitrifying Archaea in the deep North Atlantic. Nature. 2008;456:788–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Marroni L, Perdomo I. Pricing and Hedging Financial Derivatives. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Kerschen G, editor. Nonlinear Dynamics, Volume 1: Proceedings of the 34th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sutter-Dallay A-L, Riecher-Rössler A. Psychotropic Drugs and the Perinatal Period. In: Sutter-Dallay A-L, Glangeaud-Freudenthal NM-C, Guedeney A, Riecher-Rössler A, editors. Joint Care of Parents and Infants in Perinatal Psychiatry. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 79–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Skeletal Muscle.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Using the Power of Evolution to Treat Cancer. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Tax Administration: Achieving Business and Technical Goals In Tax Systems Modernization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Apr. Report No.: T-GGD-93-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Schewe EM. Re-establishing Connections: Listening to Women Psychology Students Talk about Recovery [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rojas R. An Undertaker’s Discovery Turns a Death Into a Murder Case. New York Times. 2015 Dec 16;A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSkeletal Muscle
AbbreviationSkelet. Muscle
ISSN (online)2044-5040
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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