How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrologic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrologic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmollinger, J. 2002. “Equal opportunities.” Nature, 417 (6891): 5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kraehenbuhl, J.-P., and M. Corbett. 2004. “Immunology. Keeping the gut microflora at bay.” Science, 303 (5664): 1624–1625.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tynan, C. T., D. P. DeMaster, and W. T. Peterson. 2001. “Endangered right whales on the southeastern Bering Sea shelf.” Science, 294 (5548): 1894.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Frankino, W. A., B. J. Zwaan, D. L. Stern, and P. M. Brakefield. 2005. “Natural selection and developmental constraints in the evolution of allometries.” Science, 307 (5710): 718–720.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ndjountche, T. 2016. Digital Electronics 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Beer, G. 2008. The Boundary Element Method with Programming: For engineers and scientists. (I. M. Smith and C. Duenser, eds.). Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kikuchi, R., L. T. Phong, and W. Ogata. 2010. “A Framework for Constructing Convertible Undeniable Signatures.” Provable Security: 4th International Conference, ProvSec 2010, Malacca, Malaysia, October 13-15, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, S.-H. Heng and K. Kurosawa, eds., 70–86. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrologic Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. “Astronomers Spot Retired Massive Galaxies In the Early Universe.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Student Financial Aid: Data Not Fully Utilized to Identify Inappropriately Awarded Loans and Grants. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salazar, A. 2012. “Small school, big gains: A case study of urban high school reform.” Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. 2016. “Scent Notes: The Citrus Aroma of the Season.” New York Times, March 23, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmollinger 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kraehenbuhl and Corbett 2004; Schmollinger 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kraehenbuhl and Corbett 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Frankino et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrologic Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Hydrol. Eng.
ISSN (print)1084-0699
ISSN (online)1943-5584
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

Other styles