How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrologic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrologic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Newman, A. V. 2011. “Hidden depths.” Nature, 474 (7352): 441–443.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kumar, S., and D. L. Vaux. 2002. “Apoptosis. A cinderella caspase takes center stage.” Science, 297 (5585): 1290–1291.
A journal article with 3 authors
Messenger, S., L. P. Keller, and D. S. Lauretta. 2005. “Supernova olivine from cometary dust.” Science, 309 (5735): 737–741.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shin, Y.-I., C. H. Schunck, A. Schirotzek, and W. Ketterle. 2008. “Phase diagram of a two-component Fermi gas with resonant interactions.” Nature, 451 (7179): 689–693.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lachin, J. M. 2010. Biostatistical Methods: The Assessment of Relative Risks. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Velázquez, E., and C. Rodríguez-Barrueco (Eds.). 2007. First International Meeting on Microbial Phosphate Solubilization. Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Montefusco, F., O. E. Akman, O. S. Soyer, and D. G. Bates. 2014. “Modelling and Analysis of Feedback Control Mechanisms Underlying Osmoregulation in Yeast.” A Systems Theoretic Approach to Systems and Synthetic Biology II: Analysis and Design of Cellular Systems, V. V. Kulkarni, G.-B. Stan, and K. Raman, eds., 83–116. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrologic Engineering.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2016. “People In The Arctic Are Hearing A Strange Pinging Noise Coming From The Sea Floor.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. SBA Loan Monitoring System: Substantial Progress Yet Key Risks and Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, A. N. 2017. “Deadly force: Perceptions of police and exploration of strategies used by African American mothers to protect their sons.” Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Graham, R. 2017. “‘A Second Chance at Choice.’” New York Times, July 18, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Newman 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kumar and Vaux 2002; Newman 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kumar and Vaux 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Shin et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrologic Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Hydrol. Eng.
ISSN (print)1084-0699
ISSN (online)1943-5584
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

Other styles