How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrologic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrologic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohn, M. J. (2002). “Evolutionary biology: lamprey Hox genes and the origin of jaws.” Nature, 416(6879), 386–387.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simpson, G. G., and Dean, C. (2002). “Arabidopsis, the Rosetta stone of flowering time?” Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5566), 285–289.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cacciuto, A., Auer, S., and Frenkel, D. (2004). “Onset of heterogeneous crystal nucleation in colloidal suspensions.” Nature, 428(6981), 404–406.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lunt, D. J., Foster, G. L., Haywood, A. M., and Stone, E. J. (2008). “Late Pliocene Greenland glaciation controlled by a decline in atmospheric CO2 levels.” Nature, 454(7208), 1102–1105.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunnivant, F. M., and Anders, E. (2005). A Basic Introduction to Pollutant Fate and Transport. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Vilhjálmsson, H. H., Kopp, S., Marsella, S., and Thórisson, K. R. (Eds.). (2011). Intelligent Virtual Agents: 10th International Conference, IVA 2011, Reykjavik, Iceland, September 15-17, 2011. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, Y., Shyy, J. Y.-J., and Chien, S. (2008). “Fluorescence Live-Cell Imaging: Principles and Applications in Mechanobiology.” Bioengineering in Cell and Tissue Research, G. M. Artmann and S. Chien, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 65–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrologic Engineering.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016). “Tesla Unveils Solar Roof Tiles In Bid To Make Homes 100% Renewable.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Teacher Training Programs: Activities Underway to Improve Teacher Training, but Information Collected To Assess Accountability Has Limitations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, M. W. (2012). “Angels in Tinseltown: Health insurance, hormone use, and HIV among transgender women in Los Angeles.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2008). “A Treasure Is Restored, With Culture Its Bounty.” New York Times, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohn 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cohn 2002; Simpson and Dean 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simpson and Dean 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Lunt et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrologic Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Hydrol. Eng.
ISSN (print)1084-0699
ISSN (online)1943-5584
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

Other styles