How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrologic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrologic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jenuwein, T. (2002). “Molecular biology. An RNA-guided pathway for the epigenome.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5590), 2215–2218.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brosnan, S. F., and de Waal, F. B. M. (2014). “Evolution of responses to (un)fairness.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6207), 1251776.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klahr, D., Zimmerman, C., and Jirout, J. (2011). “Educational interventions to advance children’s scientific thinking.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6045), 971–975.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alard, O., Luguet, A., Pearson, N. J., Griffin, W. L., Lorand, J.-P., Gannoun, A., Burton, K. W., and O’Reilly, S. Y. (2005). “In situ Os isotopes in abyssal peridotites bridge the isotopic gap between MORBs and their source mantle.” Nature, 436(7053), 1005–1008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stokes, D. J. (2008). Principles and Practice of Variable Pressure/Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (VP-ESEM). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Eastwood, M., and Miller, W. (Eds.). (2008). Symmetries and Overdetermined Systems of Partial Differential Equations. The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Castillo, K., and Marcellán, F. (2015). “On Some Recent Results on Asymptotic Behavior of Orthogonal Polynomials on the Unit Circle and Inserting Point Masses.” Computation, Cryptography, and Network Security, N. J. Daras and M. T. Rassias, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 75–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrologic Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). “Humpback Whale Birth Observed.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). 2020 Census: Key Information Technology Decisions Must Be Made Soon. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, K. (2010). “Manifesting archetypal energy through music.” Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bernstein, N. (2014). “Medicaid Shift Fuels Rush for Profitable Clients.” New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jenuwein 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Brosnan and de Waal 2014; Jenuwein 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brosnan and de Waal 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Alard et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrologic Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Hydrol. Eng.
ISSN (print)1084-0699
ISSN (online)1943-5584
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

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