How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrologic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrologic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guo, Q. (2005). “Plant communities: ecosystem maturity and performance.” Nature, 435(7045), E6; discussion E6-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Domazet-Lošo, T., and Tautz, D. (2010). “A phylogenetically based transcriptome age index mirrors ontogenetic divergence patterns.” Nature, 468(7325), 815–818.
A journal article with 3 authors
Durniak, K. J., Bailey, S., and Steitz, T. A. (2008). “The structure of a transcribing T7 RNA polymerase in transition from initiation to elongation.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5901), 553–557.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shamovsky, I., Ivannikov, M., Kandel, E. S., Gershon, D., and Nudler, E. (2006). “RNA-mediated response to heat shock in mammalian cells.” Nature, 440(7083), 556–560.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Källén, A. (2011). Understanding Biostatistics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lines, M. (Ed.). (2005). Nonlinear Dynamical Systems in Economics. CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures, Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Shi, Z., Setlur, S., and Govindaraju, V. (2012). “Pre-processing Issues in Arabic OCR.” Guide to OCR for Arabic Scripts, V. Märgner and H. El Abed, eds., Springer, London, 79–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrologic Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017). “The Majority Of Europeans Say They Are Already Feeling The Impact Of Climate Change.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). John P. Abbadessa, 1947-1962. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richardson, M. M. (2013). “Challenging the South’s black-white binary: Haliwa-Saponi Indians and political autonomy.” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Applebome, P. (2016). “In Detroit’s Recovery, Downtown Roars and Neighborhoods Sputter.” New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Guo 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Domazet-Lošo and Tautz 2010; Guo 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Domazet-Lošo and Tautz 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Shamovsky et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrologic Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Hydrol. Eng.
ISSN (print)1084-0699
ISSN (online)1943-5584
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

Other styles