How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrologic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrologic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Christensen, P. R. 2003. “Formation of recent martian gullies through melting of extensive water-rich snow deposits.” Nature, 422 (6927): 45–48.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mokranjac, D., and W. Neupert. 2015. “Cell biology: Architecture of a protein entry gate.” Nature, 528 (7581): 201–202.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lohman, D. J., D. Bickford, and N. S. Sodhi. 2007. “Environment. The burning issue.” Science, 316 (5823): 376.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wee, S. H., Y. L. Zuev, C. Cantoni, and A. Goyal. 2013. “Engineering nanocolumnar defect configurations for optimized vortex pinning in high temperature superconducting nanocomposite wires.” Sci. Rep., 3: 2310.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meyr, H., M. Moeneclaey, and S. A. Fechtel. 2001. Digital Communication Receivers: Synchronization, Channel Estimation, and Signal Processing. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Huang, D.-S., V. Bevilacqua, and P. Premaratne (Eds.). 2014. Intelligent Computing Theory: 10th International Conference, ICIC 2014, Taiyuan, China, August 3-6, 2014. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Qiang, H.-F., Q.-Y. Zhong, and L.-L. Tan. 2012. “Further Issues about Classroom Teaching of Holding a Post Education in Military Academy.” Education and Educational Technology, Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing, Y. Wang, ed., 29–34. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrologic Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2015. “Can You Trust Your Ears?” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Naval Safety School Relocation: More Credible Cost Analysis Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeMoss, M. D. 2010. “Mapping the issues: A content analysis of elementary and secondary education news stories from 1968 to 2008 on television networks.” Doctoral dissertation. Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2006. “Justices Hear Arguments Over Whether Foreigners Have Reciprocal Rights in the U.S.” New York Times, March 30, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Christensen 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Christensen 2003; Mokranjac and Neupert 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mokranjac and Neupert 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Wee et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrologic Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Hydrol. Eng.
ISSN (print)1084-0699
ISSN (online)1943-5584
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Water Science and Technology

Other styles