How to format your references using the Journal of Geometric Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geometric Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P.: Redressing the balance. Nature. 424, 593 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu, T.T., Cyster, J.G.: Integrin-mediated long-term B cell retention in the splenic marginal zone. Science. 297, 409–412 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayle, F.E., Burbridge, R., Killeen, T.J.: Millennial-scale dynamics of southern Amazonian rain forests. Science. 290, 2291–2294 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sha, Z.D., Wan, Q., Pei, Q.X., Quek, S.S., Liu, Z.S., Zhang, Y.W., Shenoy, V.B.: On the failure load and mechanism of polycrystalline graphene by nanoindentation. Sci. Rep. 4, 7437 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ambachtsheer, K.P.: The Future of Pension Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Barthe, G., Hermenegildo, M. eds: Verification, Model Checking, and Abstract Interpretation: 11th International Conference, VMCAI 2010, Madrid, Spain, January 17-19, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Mechler, A.I.: Characterization and Analysis of Biomimetic Membranes. In: Martin, D.K. (ed.) Nanobiotechnology of Biomimetic Membranes. pp. 89–126. Springer US, Boston, MA (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geometric Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Scientists Discover Music Evolves Like A Living Species,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Americans With Disabilities Act: Challenges Faced by Transit Agencies in Complying With the Act’s Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1994)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Teater, M.R.: Reentry and reintegration: A grant proposal for formerly incarcerated women, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines, M., Kovaleski, S.F.: Marathon Bombing Suspect Waits in Isolation, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geometric Analysis
AbbreviationJ. Geom. Anal.
ISSN (print)1050-6926
ISSN (online)1559-002X
ScopeGeometry and Topology

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