How to format your references using the Journal of Geometric Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geometric Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Rose, F.: Meetings that changed the world: Paris 1951: The birth of CERN. Nature. 455, 174–175 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Steig, E.J., Wolfe, A.P.: Atmospheric science. Sprucing up Greenland. Science. 320, 1595–1596 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Dietz, H., Douglas, S.M., Shih, W.M.: Folding DNA into twisted and curved nanoscale shapes. Science. 325, 725–730 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nakamura, A., Kobayashi, M., Kuraoka, M., Yuasa, K., Yugeta, N., Okada, T., Takeda, S.: Initial pulmonary respiration causes massive diaphragm damage and hyper-CKemia in Duchenne muscular dystrophy dog. Sci. Rep. 3, 2183 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhu, F.X.X., Hoehn, R., Thakkar, V., Yuh, E.: Hydroprocessing for Clean Energy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey (2017)
An edited book
Marburg, S., Nolte, B. eds: Computational Acoustics of Noise Propagation in Fluids - Finite and Boundary Element Methods. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Hanson, S.: Richard Zaner and “Standard” Medical Ethics. In: Wiggins, O.P. and Allen, A.C. (eds.) Clinical Ethics and the Necessity of Stories: Essays in Honor of Richard M. Zaner. pp. 57–69. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geometric Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: Interactive Body Map: Physical Inactivity And The Risks To Your Health,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Tax Systems Modernization: IRS Needs to Resolve Certain Issues With Its Integrated Case Processing System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1997)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Purdy, D.W.: Identifying Shallow Foundation Failure Modes and Mechanisms Using Surveillance of a Transparent Granular Soil Surrogate, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ketcham, I.W.: Feel of Child’s Hand Found Way to Restored Confidence, (1942)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geometric Analysis
AbbreviationJ. Geom. Anal.
ISSN (print)1050-6926
ISSN (online)1559-002X
ScopeGeometry and Topology

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