How to format your references using the The American Journal of Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Brown, J.R. (2000). ESSAYS ON SCIENCE AND SOCIETY: Privatizing the University--the New Tragedy of the Commons. Science 290, 1701–1702.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bravo-Abad, J., and Soljacić, M. (2008). Physics. A unified picture of laser physics. Science 320, 623–624.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ben-David, O., Rubinstein, S.M., and Fineberg, J. (2010). Slip-stick and the evolution of frictional strength. Nature 463, 76–79.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Naruse, M., Tani, T., Yasuda, H., Tate, N., Ohtsu, M., and Naya, M. (2014). Randomness in highly reflective silver nanoparticles and their localized optical fields. Sci. Rep. 4, 6077.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kerzner, H. (2017). Project Management Case Studies (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
1. (2009). Network Economics for Next Generation Networks: 6th International Workshop on Internet Charging and Qos Technologies, ICQT 2009, Aachen, Germany, May 11-15, 2009. Proceedings (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lécué, F., Silva, E., and Pires, L.F. (2008). A Framework for Dynamic Web Services Composition. In Emerging Web Services Technology, Volume II, T. Gschwind, and C. Pautasso, eds. (Basel: Birkhäuser), pp. 59–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Human Genetics.

Blog post
1. Taub, B. (2016). Scientists Kick-Start Brain Of Comatose Patient Using Ultrasound (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1995). FDA Import Automation: Serious Management and Systems Development Problems Persist (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yackel, R.J. (2010). Recruitment and retention of nurses in long -term care within the Florida Department of Veterans’ Affairs. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner, J. (2016). Mets Lose Game but Not Any Ground. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Human Genetics
AbbreviationAm. J. Hum. Genet.
ISSN (print)0002-9297
ISSN (online)1537-6605

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