How to format your references using the The American Journal of Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Batson, P.E. (2012). Applied physics. Plasmonic modes revealed. Science 335, 47–48.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cui, X.-D., and Zheng, Y. (2014). Unification of the family of Garrison-Wright’s phases. Sci. Rep. 4, 5813.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ikegami, H., Tsutsumi, Y., and Kono, K. (2013). Chiral symmetry breaking in superfluid 3He-A. Science 341, 59–62.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Schmidt, M., Amann, A., Keeney, L., Pemble, M.E., Holmes, J.D., Petkov, N., and Whatmore, R.W. (2014). Absence of evidence ≠ evidence of absence: statistical analysis of inclusions in multiferroic thin films. Sci. Rep. 4, 5712.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Coe, J.T. (2000). Unlikely Victory: How General Electric Succeeded in the Chemical Industry (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
1. Ulivi, P. (2012). Robotic Exploration of the Solar System: Part 3: Wows and Woes, 1997-2003 (New York, NY: Praxis).
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wainer, R. (2013). The Dignity of Children: How to Evaluate Bodies’ (Im)Permeability. In Reframing Disability and Quality of Life: A Global Perspective, N. Warren, and L. Manderson, eds. (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), pp. 61–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Human Genetics.

Blog post
1. Fang, J. (2016). Ounce For Ounce, Birds Have More Neurons In Their Brains Than Mammals (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (2000). Essential Air Service: Changes in Passenger Traffic, Subsidy Levels, and Air Carrier Costs (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bhavsar, K.S. (2017). Application of wavelet on quasi-periodic physiologic signals. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse, L. (2006). Justices Hear Arguments On Late-Term Abortion. New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Human Genetics
AbbreviationAm. J. Hum. Genet.
ISSN (print)0002-9297
ISSN (online)1537-6605

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