How to format your references using the The American Journal of Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gingras, M.J.P. (2009). Physics. Observing monopoles in a magnetic analog of ice. Science 326, 375–376.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Krueger, A.B., and Malecková, J. (2009). Attitudes and action: public opinion and the occurrence of international terrorism. Science 325, 1534–1536.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Grutzendler, J., Kasthuri, N., and Gan, W.-B. (2002). Long-term dendritic spine stability in the adult cortex. Nature 420, 812–816.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Chuck, G., Muszynski, M., Kellogg, E., Hake, S., and Schmidt, R.J. (2002). The control of spikelet meristem identity by the branched silkless1 gene in maize. Science 298, 1238–1241.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Prud’homme, R. (2012). Flows and Chemical Reactions (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
1. (2010). Bio-Farms for Nutraceuticals: Functional Food and Safety Control by Biosensors (Boston, MA: Springer US).
A chapter in an edited book
1. Costa, G., and Ramina, A. (2014). Temperate Fruit Species. In Horticulture: Plants for People and Places, Volume 1: Production Horticulture, G.R. Dixon, and D.E. Aldous, eds. (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), pp. 97–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Human Genetics.

Blog post
1. Davis, J. (2017). Modern HIV Drugs Give Young People “Near Normal” Life Expectancy (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1993). Transportation Infrastructure: Implementation of Funding Flexibility Under ISTEA and Use of Transportation Control Measures (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Boudreau, P.D. (2015). Orthogonality in Natural Products Workflows. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Carlson, L. (2010). Come Committed or Stay on the Couch. New York Times MB3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Human Genetics
AbbreviationAm. J. Hum. Genet.
ISSN (print)0002-9297
ISSN (online)1537-6605

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