How to format your references using the The American Journal of Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Andreae, M.O. (2009). Atmospheric science. A new look at aging aerosols. Science 326, 1493–1494.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gray, G.M., and Cohen, J.T. (2012). Policy: Rethink chemical risk assessments. Nature 489, 27–28.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Usuki, F., Fujimura, M., and Yamashita, A. (2013). Endoplasmic reticulum stress preconditioning attenuates methylmercury-induced cellular damage by inducing favorable stress responses. Sci. Rep. 3, 2346.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1. Stremlau, M., Owens, C.M., Perron, M.J., Kiessling, M., Autissier, P., and Sodroski, J. (2004). The cytoplasmic body component TRIM5alpha restricts HIV-1 infection in Old World monkeys. Nature 427, 848–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Barron, R.F., and Barron, B.R. (2011). Design for Thermal Stresses (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
1. (2010). High-Quality Visual Experience: Creation, Processing and Interactivity of High-Resolution and High-Dimensional Video Signals (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hirschberg, J. (2010). Deceptive Speech: Clues from Spoken Language. In Speech Technology: Theory and Applications, F. Chen, ed. (Boston, MA: Springer US), pp. 79–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Human Genetics.

Blog post
1. Fang, J. (2016). Why Net-Casting Spiders Have Such Enormous Eyes (IFLScience).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1986). Space Shuttle: Issues Associated With the Vandenberg Launch Site (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Malkus, N. (2012). Beneath the district averages: Intradistrict differences in teacher compensation expenditures. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. JULIA C. MEAD; Linda Saslow contributed reporting for this article (2006). A Grieving Family Questions a Police Policy. New York Times 14LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Human Genetics
AbbreviationAm. J. Hum. Genet.
ISSN (print)0002-9297
ISSN (online)1537-6605
ScopeGenetics
Genetics(clinical)

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