How to format your references using the Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lipton, P. (2005). Testing hypotheses: prediction and prejudice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5707), 219–221.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, W., & Walz, J. Y. (2014). Porous nanocomposites with integrated internal domains: application to separation membranes. Scientific Reports, 4, 4418.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rakitzis, T. P., van den Brom, A. J., & Janssen, M. H. M. (2004). Directional dynamics in the photodissociation of oriented molecules. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5665), 1852–1854.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Botella, H., Blom, H., Dorka, M., Ahlberg, P. E., & Janvier, P. (2007). Jaws and teeth of the earliest bony fishes. Nature, 448(7153), 583–586.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stockinger, P. (2013). Audiovisual Archives. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gaine, S. P., Naeije, R., & Peacock, A. J. (Eds.). (2014). The Right Heart. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bürgisser, P., & Cucker, F. (2013). Condition Numbers and Iterative Algorithms. In F. Cucker (Ed.), Condition: The Geometry of Numerical Algorithms (pp. 101–117). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 22). Strange Tale Of Fish Eye Evolution Shows How New Species Could Be Born. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Space Surveillance: DOD and NASA Need Consolidated Requirements and a Coordinated Plan (NSIAD-98-42). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hrivnak, G. A. (2009). Extending a model of leader -member exchange development: Individual and dyadic effects of personality, similarity and liking [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, April 23). A Yoga Manifesto. New York Times, ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lipton, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Li & Walz, 2014; Lipton, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li & Walz, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Rakitzis et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Botella et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleConsulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research
AbbreviationConsult. Psychol. J.
ISSN (print)1065-9293
ISSN (online)1939-0149

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