How to format your references using the The American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Chipman A. Swiss on a roll. Nature. 2007;448(7153):525.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Spalding MD, Brown BE. Warm-water coral reefs and climate change. Science. 2015;350(6262):769–771.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lambertucci SA, Shepard ELC, Wilson RP. Ecology. Human-wildlife conflicts in a crowded airspace. Science. 2015;348(6234):502–504.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Das DK, Makhal K, Bandyopadhyay SN, et al. Direct observation of coherent oscillations in solution due to microheterogeneous environment. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6097.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pevsner J. Bioinformatics and Functional Genomics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Jajodia S, Wijesekera D eds. Data and Applications Security XIX: 19th Annual IFIP WG 11.3 Working Conference on Data and Applications Security, Storrs, CT, USA, August 7-10, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. White-Cooper H, Caporilli S. Transcriptional and Post-transcriptional Regulation of Drosophila Germline Stem Cells and Their Differentiating Progeny. In: Hime G, Abud H, eds. Transcriptional and Translational Regulation of Stem Cells. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013:47–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Your Brain Can Make Decisions During Sleep. IFLScience. 2014. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Claim for Reimbursement for State Taxes. Washington, DC: Government Accountability Office; 1970.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Felarca CU. A burning problem: Skin protection practices among college nursing students and non-nursing college students. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Mets Take a Loss, Preserving Their Ace. New York Times. 2016:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy
ISSN (print)1543-5946
ISSN (online)1876-7761

Other styles