How to format your references using the The American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bohman T. Mathematics. Emergence of connectivity in networks. Science. 2009;323(5920):1438–1439.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Apps R, Carrington M. Response to Comment on “Influence of HLA-C expression level on HIV control.” Science. 2013;341(6151):1175.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yan W, Smith C, Cheng L. Expanded activity of dimer nucleases by combining ZFN and TALEN for genome editing. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2376.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Zengin G, Johansson G, Johansson P, et al. Approaching the strong coupling limit in single plasmonic nanorods interacting with J-aggregates. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3074.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sheldrake AL. Handbook of Electrical Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Wang J, Yi Z, Zurada JM, et al. eds. Advances in Neural Networks - ISNN 2006: Third International Symposium on Neural Networks, Chengdu, China, May 28 - June 1, 2006, Proceedings, Part III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bressler SL. The Formation of Global Neurocognitive State. In: Perlovsky LI, Kozma R, eds. Neurodynamics of Cognition and Consciousness. Understanding Complex Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007:61–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Does Your Smartphone Make You Less Likely To Trust Others? IFLScience. 2017. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/does-your-smartphone-make-you-less-likely-to-trust-others/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Findings on Current AFDC Work Programs and Implications for Pending Legislation. Washington, DC: Government Accountability Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Urshel CL. The Technical Adequacy of Standards-Derived Curriculum-Based Measures for Reading Comprehension and Math Computation in Middle School. 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. The Goal Is to Win, and to Be Heard. New York Times. 2016:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy
ISSN (print)1543-5946
ISSN (online)1876-7761
Scope

Other styles