How to format your references using the The American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smolke CD. Cell biology. It’s the DNA that counts. Science. 2009;324(5931):1156–1157.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ley TJ, Hamilton BH. Sociology. The gender gap in NIH grant applications. Science. 2008;322(5907):1472–1474.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wellman CH, Osterloff PL, Mohiuddin U. Fragments of the earliest land plants. Nature. 2003;425(6955):282–285.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Dor Y, Brown J, Martinez OI, et al. Adult pancreatic beta-cells are formed by self-duplication rather than stem-cell differentiation. Nature. 2004;429(6987):41–46.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Waye JD, Aisenberg J, Rubin PH. Practical Colonoscopy. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Machala Z, Hensel K, Akishev Y eds. Plasma for Bio-Decontamination, Medicine and Food Security. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Aebischer B, Hilty LM. The Energy Demand of ICT: A Historical Perspective and Current Methodological Challenges. In: Hilty LM, Aebischer B, eds. ICT Innovations for Sustainability. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:71–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. It’s Not Rocket Science: We Need A Better Way To Get To Space. IFLScience. 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/space/it-s-not-rocket-science-we-need-better-way-get-space/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Reducing Congestion: Congestion Pricing Has Promise for Improving Use of Transportation Infrastructure. Washington, DC: Government Accountability Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kelly EJ. What experiences create and nurture a love of science? 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Billard M. Yogi Guardians, On a Healing Mission. New York Times. 2011:MB4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy
ISSN (print)1543-5946
ISSN (online)1876-7761
Scope

Other styles