How to format your references using the Cellular Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellular Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D. (2008) Getting it across. Nature 454: 16.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leek, J.T., and Peng, R.D. (2015) Statistics: P values are just the tip of the iceberg. Nature 520: 612.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ioannou, C.C., Guttal, V., and Couzin, I.D. (2012) Predatory fish select for coordinated collective motion in virtual prey. Science 337: 1212–1215.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cheng, Y.C., Kicas, S., Trull, J., Peckus, M., Cojocaru, C., Vilaseca, R., et al. (2014) Flat focusing mirror. Sci Rep 4: 6326.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Snell, R.S., and Lemp, M.A. (1997) Clinical Anatomy of the Eye. Blackwell Science Ltd,., Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Torres, D.F., and Reimer, O. (eds) (2013) Cosmic Rays in Star-Forming Environments: Proceedings of the Second Session of the Sant Cugat Forum on Astrophysics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Álvarez, S., Vázquez-Salceda, J., Kifor, T., Varga, L.Z., and Willmott, S. (2006) Applying Provenance in Distributed Organ Transplant Management. In Provenance and Annotation of Data: International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, IPAW 2006, Chicago, IL, USA, May 3-5, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Moreau, L., and Foster, I. (eds). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp. 28–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellular Microbiology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016) Hypersonic Test Flight Brings High-Speed Travel Dream Closer To Reality. IFLScience Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) The Management and Operation of FCC’s Public Reference Rooms. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyle, C.N. (2013) Support program for transition age youth: A grant proposal. .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010) In the End, Conduct Is What Counts. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston, 2008; Leek and Peng, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leek and Peng, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Cheng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCellular Microbiology
AbbreviationCell. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1462-5814
ISSN (online)1462-5822

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