How to format your references using the Cellular Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellular Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burrows, A.S. (2014) Highlights in the study of exoplanet atmospheres. Nature 513: 345–352.
A journal article with 2 authors
Butler, A., and Sandy, M. (2009) Mechanistic considerations of halogenating enzymes. Nature 460: 848–854.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ginsberg, N.S., Garner, S.R., and Hau, L.V. (2007) Coherent control of optical information with matter wave dynamics. Nature 445: 623–626.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rahmstorf, S., Cazenave, A., Church, J.A., Hansen, J.E., Keeling, R.F., Parker, D.E., and Somerville, R.C.J. (2007) Recent climate observations compared to projections. Science 316: 709.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wen, S., and Huang, P. (2017) Principles of Tribology. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Singapore.
An edited book
Fumagalli, E. (2007) Service Quality Regulation in Electricity Distribution and Retail. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Barreto, C., Cárdenas, A.A., and Quijano, N. (2013) Controllability of Dynamical Systems: Threat Models and Reactive Security. In Decision and Game Theory for Security: 4th International Conference, GameSec 2013, Fort Worth, TX, USA, November 11-12, 2013. Proceedings. Das, S.K., Nita-Rotaru, C., and Kantarcioglu, M. (eds). Springer International Publishing, Cham. pp. 45–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellular Microbiology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016) Scientists Unleash Full Einstein Equations To Model The Universe. IFLScience Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Modernization Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tahira, A. (2017) Synthesis of Bivalent Organothiophosphate Inhibitors and Their Inhibition of Butyrylcholinesterase: Studies towards a Potential Treatment of Cognitive Loss Associated with Alzheimer’s Disease. .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg, E., and Southall, A. (2016) De Blasio Calls Police Shooting ‘Unacceptable.’ New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burrows, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Butler and Sandy, 2009; Burrows, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Butler and Sandy, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Rahmstorf et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCellular Microbiology
AbbreviationCell. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1462-5814
ISSN (online)1462-5822

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