How to format your references using the Cellular Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellular Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brito, L. (2012) Analyzing sustainable development goals. Science 336: 1396.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davidson, A.L., and Chen, J. (2005) Structural biology. Flipping lipids: is the third time the charm? Science 308: 963–965.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shin, S.-B., Golovkin, M., and Reddy, A.S.N. (2014) A pollen-specific calmodulin-binding protein, NPG1, interacts with putative pectate lyases. Sci Rep 4: 5263.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sevinçli, H., Sevik, C., Caın, T., and Cuniberti, G. (2013) A bottom-up route to enhance thermoelectric figures of merit in graphene nanoribbons. Sci Rep 3: 1228.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Segal, H.P. (2012) Utopias. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Conti, R. (ed.) (2011) Calculus of Variations, Classical and Modern. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghanem, S.A.M., and Ara, M. (2013) The MAC Poisson Channel: Capacity and Optimal Power Allocation. In IAENG Transactions on Engineering Technologies: Special Edition of the World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2011. Kim, H.K., Ao, S.-I., and Rieger, B.B. (eds). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. pp. 45–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellular Microbiology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015) For Healthy Bird Development, Multiple Sperm Must Penetrate The Egg. IFLScience Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Information Security: Coordination of Federal Cyber Security Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weisko, P. (2017) Wading Tiger Swimming Dragon: A Study on Comparative Indo-Sino Naval Development. .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rutenberg, J. (2017) For Disney Chief, an Unlikely Political Turn. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brito, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Davidson and Chen, 2005; Brito, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davidson and Chen, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Sevinçli et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCellular Microbiology
AbbreviationCell. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1462-5814
ISSN (online)1462-5822

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