How to format your references using the Cellular Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellular Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hänninen, P. (2002) Light microscopy: beyond the diffraction limit. Nature 419: 802.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dangl, J.L., and Jones, J.D. (2001) Plant pathogens and integrated defence responses to infection. Nature 411: 826–833.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, Z.X., Cifelli, R.L., and Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. (2001) Dual origin of tribosphenic mammals. Nature 409: 53–57.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sutton, M.D., Briggs, D.E., Siveter, D.J., and Siveter, D.J. (2001) An exceptionally preserved vermiform mollusc from the Silurian of England. Nature 410: 461–463.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Merrills, J., and Fisher, J. (2008) Pharmacy Law and Practice. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Matsumoto, K., and Hayashi, N. (eds) (2009) Heterocyclic Supramolecules II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Lans, A. van der (2013) Business Process Management (BPM): The Information Loop. In Enterprise Information Management: When Information Becomes Inspiration. Baan, P. (ed.). Springer, New York, NY. pp. 101–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellular Microbiology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016) Bird Droppings Help Keep The Arctic Cool. IFLScience Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Highway Trust Fund: Condition and Outlook for the Highway Account. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packman, T. (2017) The Effects of Eccentricity on Rectangular Hollow Structural Section Stress in Moment Connections Loaded Out-of-Plane. .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992) A Life of Advantage, Enhanced by the Will to Excel. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hänninen, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Dangl and Jones, 2001; Hänninen, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dangl and Jones, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Sutton et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCellular Microbiology
AbbreviationCell. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1462-5814
ISSN (online)1462-5822

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