How to format your references using the Cellular Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellular Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vespignani, A. (2009) Predicting the behavior of techno-social systems. Science 325: 425–428.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greaves, M., and Maley, C.C. (2012) Clonal evolution in cancer. Nature 481: 306–313.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pfeffer, W.T., Harper, J.T., and O’Neel, S. (2008) Kinematic constraints on glacier contributions to 21st-century sea-level rise. Science 321: 1340–1343.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, Y., Sun, C.-M., Hu, X.-Q., and Zhao, Y. (2014) Relationship between melatonin receptor 1B and insulin receptor substrate 1 polymorphisms with gestational diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sci Rep 4: 6113.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daubert, E.J. (2009) The Annual Campaign. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Maker, V.K. (2015) Cognitive Pearls in General Surgery. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Rubin, A., and Riznichenko, G. (2014) Model of Impact of a Weak Electric Field on Nonlinear System of Transmembrane Ion Transport potential electric potential transmembrane ion flux. In Mathematical Biophysics. Riznichenko, G. (ed.). Springer US, Boston, MA. pp. 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellular Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Hubble Witnesses The Dying Moments Of A Star. IFLScience Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) SSA’s Acceptance Testing of a Mass Storage System for Computerized Data Was Adequate. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tovar, L. (2009) Perceived life satisfaction of previously undocumented Latino immigrants. .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2016) Bouchard Is Out, but Her Concussion Suit From the 2015 Open Goes On. New York Times B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vespignani, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Vespignani, 2009; Greaves and Maley, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greaves and Maley, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCellular Microbiology
AbbreviationCell. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1462-5814
ISSN (online)1462-5822

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