How to format your references using the Cellular Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellular Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lindenberger, U. (2014) Human cognitive aging: corriger la fortune? Science 346: 572–578.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ryan, K.K., and Seeley, R.J. (2013) Physiology. Food as a hormone. Science 339: 918–919.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutz, W., Sanderson, W., and Scherbov, S. (2001) The end of world population growth. Nature 412: 543–545.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dekker, J., Belmont, A.S., Guttman, M., Leshyk, V.O., Lis, J.T., Lomvardas, S., et al. (2017) Corrigendum: The 4D nucleome project. Nature 552: 278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wills, B. (2016) Purposely Profitable. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ploug, T., Hasle, P., and Oinas-Kukkonen, H. (eds) (2010) Persuasive Technology: 5th International Conference, PERSUASIVE 2010, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 7-10, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Alsinet, T., Béjar, R., and Godo, L. (2010) A Computational Method for Defeasible Argumentation Based on a Recursive Warrant Semantics. In Advances in Artificial Intelligence – IBERAMIA 2010: 12th Ibero-American Conference on AI, Bahía Blanca, Argentina, November 1-5, 2010. Proceedings. Kuri-Morales, A., and Simari, G.R. (eds). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp. 40–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellular Microbiology.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016) World’s First Solar And Seawater-Powered Farm Opens In Australia. IFLScience Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) National Transportation Safety Board: Observations on the Draft Business Plan for NTSB’s Training Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kutash, M. (2015) The Relationship Between Nurses’ Emotional Intelligence and Patient Outcomes. .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, J. (2017) Shhh! That Helpful Robot May Pose a Security Risk. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lindenberger, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ryan and Seeley, 2013; Lindenberger, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ryan and Seeley, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Dekker et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleCellular Microbiology
AbbreviationCell. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1462-5814
ISSN (online)1462-5822

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