How to format your references using the International Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. S. Turner: ‘Quarks and the cosmos’, Science, 2007, 315, 59–61.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. W. H. Tan and R. Subramaniam: ‘Education. Science and the student entrepreneur’, Science, 2002, 298, 1556.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. W. de Jong, J. C. van Lenteren and C. L. Raak-van den Berg: ‘Comment on “Invasive harlequin ladybird carries biological weapons against native competitors”’, Science, 2013, 341, 1342.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Srinivas, P. Jetter, B. J. Ueberbacher, M. Werneburg, K. Zerbe, J. Steinmann, B. Van der Meijden, F. Bernardini, A. Lederer, R. L. A. Dias, P. E. Misson, H. Henze, J. Zumbrunn, F. O. Gombert, D. Obrecht, P. Hunziker, S. Schauer, U. Ziegler, A. Käch, L. Eberl, K. Riedel, S. J. DeMarco and J. A. Robinson: ‘Peptidomimetic antibiotics target outer-membrane biogenesis in Pseudomonas aeruginosa’, Science, 2010, 327, 1010–1013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O. Ocic: ‘Oil Refineries in the 21st Century’, 2004, Weinheim, FRG, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
L. Wang: ‘Two Decades of Basic Education in Rural China: Transitions and Challenges for Development’, 2016, Singapore, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Benotti and P. Blackburn: in Modeling and Using Context: 7th International and Interdisciplinary Conference, CONTEXT 2011, Karlsruhe, Germany, September 26-30, 2011. Proceedings, eds. M. Beigl, H. Christiansen, T. R. Roth-Berghofer, A. Kofod-Petersen, K. R. Coventry and H. R. Schmidtke, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2011, pp. 26–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials.

Blog post
E. Andrew: Particle Physics Discovery Raises Hope For A Theory Of Everything,, (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Transportation Security R&D: TSA and DHS Are Researching and Developing Technologies, but Need to Improve R&D Management’, 2004, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. M. Estrin: ‘Individual Doubles: A Look at Twinship and Attachment Theory’, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow: New York Times, 2003, 141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials
AbbreviationInt. J. Polym. Mater.
ISSN (print)0091-4037
ISSN (online)1563-535X
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Analytical Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

Other styles