How to format your references using the SMARTT citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for SMARTT. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wang L. Amersham Prize winner. Expanding the genetic code. Science. 2003;302:584–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Amico G, Aizen MA. Mistletoe seed dispersal by a marsupial. Nature. 2000;408:929–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Werfel J, Petersen K, Nagpal R. Designing collective behavior in a termite-inspired robot construction team. Science. 2014;343:754–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tzur A, Kafri R, LeBleu VS, Lahav G, Kirschner MW. Cell growth and size homeostasis in proliferating animal cells. Science. 2009;325:167–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Seeber P, Shander A. Basics of Blood Management. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
1. Vivier E, Di Santo J, Moretta A, editors. Natural Killer Cells. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bruni R, Corradini A, Gadducci F, Lluch Lafuente A, Montanari U. On GS-Monoidal Theories for Graphs with Nesting. In: Engels G, Lewerentz C, Schäfer W, Schürr A, Westfechtel B, editors. Graph Transformations and Model-Driven Engineering: Essays Dedicated to Manfred Nagl on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 59–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for SMARTT.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Sorry, Climate Change Deniers: Warming Not “Paused” and Modeling Not Flawed. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/sorry-climate-change-deniers-warming-not-paused-and-modeling-not-flawed/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Financial Market Preparedness: Significant Progress Has Been Made, but Pandemic Planning and Other Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Shockley C. Mental health parity law: A policy analysis. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Chapman MM. Michigan: Another Hearing On the Detroit Bankruptcy. New York Times. 2013;:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSMARTT
ISSN (print)0000-0000
Scope

Other styles