How to format your references using the The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Markl H. Research doesn’t denigrate humanity. Nature. 2001;412:479–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Yea SS, Fruman DA. Cell signaling. New mTOR targets Grb attention. Science. 2011;332:1270–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ota KG, Kuraku S, Kuratani S. Hagfish embryology with reference to the evolution of the neural crest. Nature. 2007;446:672–5.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Stemmler K, Ammann M, Donders C, Kleffmann J, George C. Photosensitized reduction of nitrogen dioxide on humic acid as a source of nitrous acid. Nature. 2006;440:195–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Machner H. Einführung in die Kern- und Elementarteilchenphysik. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Sánchez-Alonso S, Athanasiadis IN, editors. Metadata and Semantic Research: 4th International Conference, MTSR 2010, Alcalá de Henares, Spain, October 20-22, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. IX, 364 p. 96 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hedtke L. Constructing Matrilineal Connections in a Remembering Conversation. In: Dickerson V, editor. Poststructural and Narrative Thinking in Family Therapy. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 45–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. The Deadly Poison Lurking In A Frog The Size Of Your Fingernail. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Potential Exists for Enhancing Collaboration on Four Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Oct. Report No.: GAO-04-6.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Austin JH. Performing the past: Two pageant traditions in Nauvoo, Illinois [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gustines GG. ‘Dark Knight Returns’ Cover Art Goes for Sale. New York Times. 2013;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,1).
This sentence cites four references (1,1,1,1).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
AbbreviationAm. J. Clin. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0002-9165
ISSN (online)1938-3207
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles