How to format your references using the The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dennis C. Baiting plan to remove fox threat to Tasmanian wildlife. Nature 2002;416:357.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hetzel R, Hampel A. Slip rate variations on normal faults during glacial-interglacial changes in surface loads. Nature 2005;435:81–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Discher DE, Janmey P, Wang Y-L. Tissue cells feel and respond to the stiffness of their substrate. Science 2005;310:1139–43.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Shaw P, Greenstein D, Lerch J, Clasen L, Lenroot R, Gogtay N, Evans A, Rapoport J, Giedd J. Intellectual ability and cortical development in children and adolescents. Nature 2006;440:676–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bush J, Harris DM, Parker RJ. Cognitive Self Change. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Wiering M, Otterlo M van, editors. Reinforcement Learning: State-of-the-Art. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XXXIV, 638 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Stefanescu A, Ioan D, Ciuprina G. Parametric Models of Transmission Lines Based on First Order Sensitivities. In: Roos J, Costa LRJ, editors. Scientific Computing in Electrical Engineering SCEE 2008. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 29–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Here be Dragons: the Supermassive Black Hole That’s Growing Impossibly Fast [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/here-be-dragons-supermassive-black-hole-s-growing-impossibly-fast/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Cost Control Difficulties Continue. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Jul. Report No.: NSIAD-96-135.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Klein J. Mississippian Space and Place: A Geographical Study of Archaeological Site Data in the American Bottom [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gorman J. Flakes: These Monkeys Make Tools, but Don’t Use Them. New York Times. 2016;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
AbbreviationAm. J. Clin. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0002-9165
ISSN (online)1938-3207
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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