How to format your references using the The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Farokhzad OC. Nanotechnology: Platelet mimicry. Nature. 2015;526:47–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kneller EA, van Keken PE. Trench-parallel flow and seismic anisotropy in the Mariana and Andean subduction systems. Nature. 2007;450:1222–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dickinson DJ, Nelson WJ, Weis WI. A polarized epithelium organized by beta- and alpha-catenin predates cadherin and metazoan origins. Science. 2011;331:1336–9.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Morth JP, Pedersen BP, Toustrup-Jensen MS, Sørensen TL-M, Petersen J, Andersen JP, Vilsen B, Nissen P. Crystal structure of the sodium-potassium pump. Nature. 2007;450:1043–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quesnel F. Scheduling of Large-Scale Virtualized Infrastructures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Keshtgar M, Pigott K, Wenz F, editors. Targeted Intraoperative Radiotherapy in Oncology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. XIII, 170 p. 114 illus., 100 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Beliakov G. Optimization and Aggregation Functions. In: Lodwick WA, Kacprzyk J, editors. Fuzzy Optimization: Recent Advances and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 77–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew E. Can Magnetically Levitating Trains Run At 3,000km/h? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FBI Management of Its Automated Information Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983 Oct. Report No.: GGD-84-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jobanputra MC. Investigation of Organic Thin Films for Application in Electro-optic Devices [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2002.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman W. In a Venezuelan Town, a State of Emergency Is Barely Perceptible. New York Times. 2015;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
AbbreviationAm. J. Clin. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0002-9165
ISSN (online)1938-3207
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles