How to format your references using the Swiss Medical Weekly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Swiss Medical Weekly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moran MA. The global ocean microbiome. Science. 2015 Dec 11;350(6266):aac8455.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moine H, Mandel JL. Biomedicine. Do G quartets orchestrate fragile X pathology? Science. 2001 Dec 21;294(5551):2487–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hung RJ, Pak CW, Terman JR. Direct redox regulation of F-actin assembly and disassembly by Mical. Science. 2011 Dec 23;334(6063):1710–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Huitema HE, Gelinck GH, van der Putten JB, Kuijk KE, Hart CM, Cantatore E, et al. Plastic transistors in active-matrix displays. The handling of grey levels by these large displays paves the way for electronic paper. Nature. 2001 Dec 6;414(6864):599.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carver RH, Tai KC. Modern Multithreading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Cavallaro L, Gollmann D, editors. Information Security Theory and Practice. Security of Mobile and Cyber-Physical Systems: 7th IFIP WG 11.2 International Workshop, WISTP 2013, Heraklion, Greece, May 28-30, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. XVI, 145 p. 29 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7886).
A chapter in an edited book
Yen JY, Yor M. Paul Lévy’s Arcsine Laws. In: Yor M, editor. Local Times and Excursion Theory for Brownian Motion: A Tale of Wiener and Itô Measures. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013. p. 43–54. (Lecture Notes in Mathematics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Swiss Medical Weekly.

Blog post
Hamilton K. When Parents Disagree With Doctors On A Child’s Treatment, Who Should Have The Final Say? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Case for Programwide Statistical Reviews of Fraud and Abuse. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Jan. Report No.: 118596.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Igbojekwe SC. Development of Environmental Friendly Cement for Oil and Gas Well Application [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Fighter Jet Scrambled To Intercept U.S. Navy Plane. New York Times. 2004 Nov 17;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSwiss Medical Weekly
AbbreviationSwiss Med. Wkly
ISSN (print)1424-7860
ISSN (online)1424-3997
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles