How to format your references using the Swiss Medical Weekly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Swiss Medical Weekly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Tolstoy M. Geophysics. What lies beneath. Science. 2010 Apr 2;328(5974):54–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hsieh-Wilson LC, Griffin ME. Chemistry. Improving biologic drugs via total chemical synthesis. Science. 2013 Dec 13;342(6164):1332–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sakuno T, Tada K, Watanabe Y. Kinetochore geometry defined by cohesion within the centromere. Nature. 2009 Apr 16;458(7240):852–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Cortez D, Guntuku S, Qin J, Elledge SJ. ATR and ATRIP: partners in checkpoint signaling. Science. 2001 Nov 23;294(5547):1713–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Labadie N, Prins C, Prodhon C. Metaheuristics for Vehicle Routing Problems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Bertocchi M, Consigli G, Dempster MAH, editors. Stochastic Optimization Methods in Finance and Energy: New Financial Products and Energy Market Strategies. 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. XXIV, 476 p. (International Series in Operations Research & Management Science; vol. 163).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hamed O, Kimchi ET, Sehmbey M, Gusani NJ, Kaifi JT, Staveley-O’Carroll K. Impact of Genetic Targets on Cancer Therapy: Hepatocellular Cancer. In: El-Deiry WS, editor. Impact of Genetic Targets on Cancer Therapy. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 67–90. (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Swiss Medical Weekly.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Scientists Engineer Bacteria To Replicate Color Photographs. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Leading Commercial Practices for Outsourcing of Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Nov. Report No.: GAO-02-214.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Le R. Three-Power Power System State Estimation Using Extended Kalman Filter with CompactRIO Implementation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pendleton I. ART AND TASTE IN THE SMALL GARDEN; The Show Is a Busy Short-Course Garden School. New York Times. 1934 Mar 18;DRAMA SCREEN MUSIC SHOPPERS’ COLUMNS EDUCATION GARDENS RADIO FASHIONS ART THE DANCE HOTELS RESTAURANTSX14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSwiss Medical Weekly
AbbreviationSwiss Med. Wkly
ISSN (print)1424-7860
ISSN (online)1424-3997
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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