How to format your references using the Textiles and Clothing Sustainability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Textiles and Clothing Sustainability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tilgner, E. (2002). Mantophasmatodea: a new insect order? Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5582), 731; discussion 731.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rice, C. M., & Saeed, M. (2014). Hepatitis C: Treatment triumphs. Nature, 510(7503), 43–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu, Y., Huang, L., & Cao, L. (2014). Semiconductor solar superabsorbers. Scientific reports, 4, 4107.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shannon, M. A., Bohn, P. W., Elimelech, M., Georgiadis, J. G., Mariñas, B. J., & Mayes, A. M. (2008). Science and technology for water purification in the coming decades. Nature, 452(7185), 301–310.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tang, C. (2016). The Data Industry: The Business and Economics of Information and Big Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lang, R., Hancock, T. B., & Singh, N. N. (Eds.). (2016). Early Intervention for Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Stenbacka, S. (2012). “The Rural” Intervening in the Lives of Internal and International Migrants: Migrants, Biographies and Translocal Practices. In C. Hedberg & R. M. do Carmo (Eds.), Translocal Ruralism: Mobility and Connectivity in European Rural Spaces (pp. 55–72). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Textiles and Clothing Sustainability.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 10). Athletics Doping Report Should Spark Radical Rethink On Drugs In Sport. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Air Traffic Control: Inadequate Planning Increases Risk of Computer Failures in Los Angeles (No. IMTEC-90-49). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu, W. (2012). Impacts of storms and sea-level rise on coastal evolution between two capes: Onslow Bay, North Carolina (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2015, September 17). Puerto Rico’s Debt Rescue Plan Is Being Called Into Question. New York Times, p. B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tilgner 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Rice and Saeed 2014; Tilgner 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rice and Saeed 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Shannon et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleTextiles and Clothing Sustainability
AbbreviationText. Cloth. Sustain.
ISSN (online)2197-9936

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