How to format your references using the Textiles and Clothing Sustainability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Textiles and Clothing Sustainability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chen, I. A. (2006). GE Prize-winning essay. The emergence of cells during the origin of life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5805), 1558–1559.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wookey, J., & Helffrich, G. (2008). Inner-core shear-wave anisotropy and texture from an observation of PKJKP waves. Nature, 454(7206), 873–876.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dillingham, M. S., Spies, M., & Kowalczykowski, S. C. (2003). RecBCD enzyme is a bipolar DNA helicase. Nature, 423(6942), 893–897.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Paulot, F., Crounse, J. D., Kjaergaard, H. G., Kürten, A., St Clair, J. M., Seinfeld, J. H., & Wennberg, P. O. (2009). Unexpected epoxide formation in the gas-phase photooxidation of isoprene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5941), 730–733.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Passarelli, D. (2012). Trading Options Greeks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kell, P. M. (2012). International Students in the Asia Pacific: Mobility, Risks and Global Optimism. (G. Vogl, Ed.) (Vol. 17). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Stollberg, M., & Fensel, D. (2010). Semantics for Service-Oriented Architectures. In N. Griffiths & K.-M. Chao (Eds.), Agent-Based Service-Oriented Computing (pp. 113–139). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Textiles and Clothing Sustainability.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, February 3). Getting Enraged By Specific Noises Has A Genuine Neurological Basis. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). DOD Business Systems Modernization: Progress Continues to Be Made in Establishing Corporate Management Controls, but Further Steps Are Needed (No. GAO-07-733). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schick, V. R. (2010). Examining the vulva: The relationship between female genital aesthetic perceptions and gynecological care (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, J. (2016, August 5). Another Sign of Trouble in Google’s Self-Driving Car Unit: Its Top Roboticist Is Leaving. New York Times, p. B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chen 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chen 2006; Wookey and Helffrich 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wookey and Helffrich 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Paulot et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleTextiles and Clothing Sustainability
AbbreviationText. Cloth. Sustain.
ISSN (online)2197-9936

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