How to format your references using the Textiles and Clothing Sustainability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Textiles and Clothing Sustainability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carpenter, B. K. (2011). Chemistry. Taking the high road and getting there before you. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6035), 1269–1270.
A journal article with 2 authors
Albert, A. Y. K., & Otto, S. P. (2005). Sexual selection can resolve sex-linked sexual antagonism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5745), 119–121.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, D. R., Pendry, J. B., & Wiltshire, M. C. K. (2004). Metamaterials and negative refractive index. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5685), 788–792.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, J. Y., Lee, K., Coates, N. E., Moses, D., Nguyen, T.-Q., Dante, M., & Heeger, A. J. (2007). Efficient tandem polymer solar cells fabricated by all-solution processing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5835), 222–225.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meinert, C. L. (2012). Clinical Trials Dictionary. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Berendt, B., Hotho, A., Mladenic, D., & Semeraro, G. (Eds.). (2007). From Web to Social Web: Discovering and Deploying User and Content Profiles: Workshop on Web Mining, WebMine 2006, Berlin, Germany, September 18, 2006. Revised Selected and Invited Papers (Vol. 4737). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ettl, M., Sourirajan, K., Huang, P., Ervolina, T. R., & Lin, G. Y. (2011). Supply and Demand Synchronization in Assemble-to-Order Supply Chains. In K. G. Kempf, P. Keskinocak, & R. Uzsoy (Eds.), Planning Production and Inventories in the Extended Enterprise: A State-of-the-Art Handbook, Volume 2 (pp. 81–103). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Textiles and Clothing Sustainability.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, February 5). Earth’s First Land Vertebrates Used Their Lungs to Detect Sounds. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Vocational Education: Status in 2-Year Colleges in 1990-91 and Early Signs of Change (No. HRD-93-89). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stanford, C. J. (2008). Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating biosensors (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2009, July 8). Vasily Aksyonov, 76, Exiled Soviet Writer. New York Times, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carpenter 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Albert and Otto 2005; Carpenter 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Albert and Otto 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleTextiles and Clothing Sustainability
AbbreviationText. Cloth. Sustain.
ISSN (online)2197-9936

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