How to format your references using the Textiles and Clothing Sustainability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Textiles and Clothing Sustainability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Conklin, B. R. (2009). Journal club. A geneticist wonders why we need to sleep. Nature, 461(7264), 573.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, R. J., & Martinez, N. D. (2000). Simple rules yield complex food webs. Nature, 404(6774), 180–183.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pollack, S. E., Dries, D., & Hulet, R. G. (2009). Universality in three- and four-body bound states of ultracold atoms. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5960), 1683–1685.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yokoyama, T., Sakai, H., Noguchi, Y., & Kita, S. (2014). Perception of direct gaze does not require focus of attention. Scientific reports, 4, 3858.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eicker, U. (2005). Solar Technologies for Buildings. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Turner, B. (Ed.). (2005). The Statesman’s Yearbook: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World 2006. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Polo, J.-L., Berzal, F., & Cubero, J.-C. (2008). Class-Oriented Reduction of Decision Tree Complexity. In A. An, S. Matwin, Z. W. Raś, & D. Ślęzak (Eds.), Foundations of Intelligent Systems: 17th International Symposium, ISMIS 2008 Toronto, Canada, May 20-23, 2008 Proceedings (pp. 48–57). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Textiles and Clothing Sustainability.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 17). This Book Could Save Lives By Purifying Drinking Water. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Comments on H.R. 7689 (No. B-200171). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Accortt, E. E. (2009). Frontal alpha electroencephalography (EEG) asymmetry as a risk factor for pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD); a psychophysiological and family history approach (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1994, September 25). CHILDREN’S BOOKS. New York Times, p. 732.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Conklin 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Conklin 2009; Williams and Martinez 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams and Martinez 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Yokoyama et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTextiles and Clothing Sustainability
AbbreviationText. Cloth. Sustain.
ISSN (online)2197-9936

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