How to format your references using the Textiles and Clothing Sustainability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Textiles and Clothing Sustainability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sihvola, A. (2014). Physics. Enabling optical analog computing with metamaterials. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6167), 144–145.
A journal article with 2 authors
Waddell, S., & Quinn, W. G. (2001). Neurobiology. Learning how a fruit fly forgets. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5533), 1271–1272.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suzuki, H., Imura, J.-I., & Aihara, K. (2013). Chaotic Ising-like dynamics in traffic signals. Scientific reports, 3, 1127.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Smith, R. J., Muir, R. D. J., Walpole, M. J., Balmford, A., & Leader-Williams, N. (2003). Governance and the loss of biodiversity. Nature, 426(6962), 67–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voldman, S. H. (2006). ESD. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ammari, H. M. (Ed.). (2014). The Art of Wireless Sensor Networks: Volume 2: Advanced Topics and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Monnot, B., & Ruths, J. (2016). Sensitivity of Network Controllability to Weight-Based Edge Thresholding. In H. Cherifi, B. Gonçalves, R. Menezes, & R. Sinatra (Eds.), Complex Networks VII: Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Complex Networks CompleNet 2016 (pp. 45–61). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Textiles and Clothing Sustainability.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, August 12). Thieves Accidentally Steal Bottles Of Stoat Anal Gland Oil From Conservation Company. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Comments on Legislation To Establish a Department of Education (No. B-149737). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slotterback, D. (2010). Parent Partner Program and Organization (3P-O) parents mentoring parents in child welfare: A grant-writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2012, November 3). Wisely Stepping Aside In a Bombarded City. New York Times, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sihvola 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Sihvola 2014; Waddell and Quinn 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Waddell and Quinn 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTextiles and Clothing Sustainability
AbbreviationText. Cloth. Sustain.
ISSN (online)2197-9936

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