How to format your references using the Textiles and Clothing Sustainability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Textiles and Clothing Sustainability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petherick, A. (2015). Science masterclass. Nature, 526(7574), S49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ratcliffe, J. M., & Nydam, M. L. (2008). Multimodal warning signals for a multiple predator world. Nature, 455(7209), 96–99.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shen, B., Makley, D. M., & Johnston, J. N. (2010). Umpolung reactivity in amide and peptide synthesis. Nature, 465(7301), 1027–1032.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Honda, T., Lee, C.-Y., Yoshida-Kasikawa, M., Honjo, K., & Furukubo-Tokunaga, K. (2014). Induction of associative olfactory memory by targeted activation of single olfactory neurons in Drosophila larvae. Scientific reports, 4, 4798.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sundar, V. (2015). Ocean Wave Mechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kessel, D., & Ray, C. (Eds.). (2009). Transcatheter Embolization and Therapy. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Da, T., Li, Z., & Feng, B. (2015). A Video Steganalysis Algorithm for H.264/AVC Based on the Markov Features. In D.-S. Huang, K.-H. Jo, & A. Hussain (Eds.), Intelligent Computing Theories and Methodologies: 11th International Conference, ICIC 2015, Fuzhou, China, August 20-23, 2015, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 47–59). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Textiles and Clothing Sustainability.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 12). Robotics Researchers Create Mechanical Tentacles Capable Of Picking Up An Ant Without Crushing It. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Managers Need To Provide Better Protection for Federal Automatic Data Processing Facilities (No. FGMSD-76-40). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fan, H.-T. (2012). Design of delta operator based decision feedback equalizer for high-speed backplane data communication (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B., & Chapman, M. M. (2015, November 22). Union Vote at Ford and G.M. Ends Painful Process for Big Three. New York Times, p. A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petherick 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Petherick 2015; Ratcliffe and Nydam 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ratcliffe and Nydam 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Honda et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTextiles and Clothing Sustainability
AbbreviationText. Cloth. Sustain.
ISSN (online)2197-9936

Other styles