How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2002). Boston: a magnetic hub. Nature, 417(6886), 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buss, J. A., & Agapie, T. (2016). Four-electron deoxygenative reductive coupling of carbon monoxide at a single metal site. Nature, 529(7584), 72–75.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coplan, P. M., Mitchnick, M., & Rosenberg, Z. F. (2004). Public health. Regulatory challenges in microbicide development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5679), 1911–1912.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wu, L. C., Tuot, D. S., Lyons, D. S., Garcia, K. C., & Davis, M. M. (2002). Two-step binding mechanism for T-cell receptor recognition of peptide MHC. Nature, 418(6897), 552–556.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harris, C. (2006). Electricity Markets. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Barbara, B., Imry, Y., Sawatzky, G., & Stamp, P. C. E. (Eds.). (2008). Quantum Magnetism. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Alexander, T. D. (2016). The Black Messiah and Black Suffering. In J. E. Clark (Ed.), Albert Cleage Jr. and the Black Madonna and Child (pp. 77–95). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, November 23). Scientists May Have Finally Figured Out What Causes Food Comas. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). High-Definition Television: Applications for This New Technology (No. IMTEC-90-9FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Minger, L. (2017). Examining Education Leadership Communication Practices around Basic and Advanced Skill Sets: A Multiple Case Study (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L. F. (2006, June 4). Mutiny in the Harbor: One Ship Too Many. New York Times, p. 14LI9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Buss & Agapie, 2016; Smaglik, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buss & Agapie, 2016)
  • Three authors: (Coplan, Mitchnick, & Rosenberg, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wu, Tuot, Lyons, Garcia, & Davis, 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Soc. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0022-1031
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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