How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen, A. (2013). Drug development: A combined effort. Nature, 502(7470), S4-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Janvier, P., & Arsenault, M. (2002). Palaeobiology: calcification of early vertebrate cartilage. Nature, 417(6889), 609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen, S., Yuzenkova, Y., & Zenkin, N. (2013). Mechanism of eukaryotic RNA polymerase III transcription termination. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6140), 1577–1580.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sang, Y., Wang, B., Wang, Q., Zhao, G., & Guo, P. (2014). Insights into the electrocatalysis of nitrobenzene using chemically-modified carbon nanotube electrodes. Scientific Reports, 4, 6321.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yin, G. (2011). Clinical Trial Design: Bayesian and Frequentist Adaptive Methods. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bassan, M. (Ed.). (2014). Advanced Interferometers and the Search for Gravitational Waves: Lectures from the First VESF School on Advanced Detectors for Gravitational Waves (Vol. 404). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu, X. M., & Jackson, D. (2012). Cell-to-Cell Movement of Homeodomain Transcription Factors: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. In F. Kragler & M. Hülskamp (Eds.), Short and Long Distance Signaling (pp. 87–98). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 16). Astronomers Reveal Most Detailed Catalog of Milky Way Stars. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Tax Systems Modernization: Time Tables for Critical Planning Documents (AIMD-93-81FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schulz, J. L. (2015). Factors Affecting Prey Availability and Habitat Usage of Wintering Piping Plovers (Charadrius melodus) in Coastal Louisiana [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2015, October 7). Teamsters Pension Fund Warns 400,000 of Cuts. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maxmen, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Janvier & Arsenault, 2002; Maxmen, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Janvier & Arsenault, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Nielsen et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Soc. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0022-1031
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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