How to format your references using the Fisheries Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisheries Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns, J.A., 2002. Solar system science. Two bodies are better than one. Science 297, 942–943.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaufman, A.J., Xiao, S., 2003. High CO2 levels in the Proterozoic atmosphere estimated from analyses of individual microfossils. Nature 425, 279–282.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lyons, T.W., Reinhard, C.T., Planavsky, N.J., 2014. The rise of oxygen in Earth’s early ocean and atmosphere. Nature 506, 307–315.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Varpula, A., Laakso, S.J., Havia, T., Kyynäräinen, J., Prunnila, M., 2014. Harvesting vibrational energy using material work functions. Sci. Rep. 4, 6799.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Denison, E., Ren, G.Y., 2014. Luke Him Sau Architect. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Zenker, S., Jacobsen, B.P. (Eds.), 2015. Inter-Regional Place Branding: Best Practices, Challenges and Solutions. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Stanford, D., Lowery, D., Jodry, M., Bradley, B.A., Kay, M., Stafford, T.W., Speakman, R.J., 2014. New Evidence for a Possible Paleolithic Occupation of the Eastern North American Continental Shelf at the Last Glacial Maximum, in: Evans, A.M., Flatman, J.C., Flemming, N.C. (Eds.), Prehistoric Archaeology on the Continental Shelf: A Global Review. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 73–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisheries Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Five Reasons To Put The Kettle On And Have A Cup Of Tea [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Inadequate Monitoring of U.S. Merchant Tanker Fleet Hampers Mobilization Planning (No. LCD-79-215). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zimmerman, K.L., 2017. Perceived and preferred organizational culture on behavior intentions in the hospitality industry (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. After Unceremonious Exit, Indian Wells Tournament Moves On. New York Times D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burns, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Burns, 2002; Kaufman and Xiao, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaufman and Xiao, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Varpula et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFisheries Research
AbbreviationFish. Res.
ISSN (print)0165-7836
ScopeAquatic Science

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