How to format your references using the Fisheries Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisheries Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V., 2006. Burst of energy. Nature 441, 810–811.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bang, A.G., Carpenter, M.K., 2008. Development. Deconstructing pluripotency. Science 320, 58–59.
A journal article with 3 authors
Babbush, R., Love, P.J., Aspuru-Guzik, A., 2014. Adiabatic quantum simulation of quantum chemistry. Sci. Rep. 4, 6603.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, M., Ogawa, M., Fujita, Y., Yoshikawa, Y., Nagai, T., Koyama, T., Nagai, S., Lange, A., Fässler, R., Sasakawa, C., 2009. Bacteria hijack integrin-linked kinase to stabilize focal adhesions and block cell detachment. Nature 459, 578–582.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bersuker, I.B., 2010. Electronic Structure and Properties of Transition Metal Compounds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kavallaris, M. (Ed.), 2012. Cytoskeleton and Human Disease. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Friedman, D.D., Deutsch, S., Ertegun, L., Carlson, S., Estrada, M., Sturgeon, M., Mayers, H., Buckner, E., 2013. Becoming BabyWatchers: An Attachment-Based Video Intervention in a Community Mental Health Center, in: Bettmann, J.E., Demetri Friedman, D. (Eds.), Attachment-Based Clinical Work with Children and Adolescents. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 99–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisheries Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. The Truth About The Mysterious “Pyramid” Discovered In Antarctica [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Highway Safety: More Robust DOT Oversight of Guardrails and Other Roadside Hardware Could Further Enhance Safety (No. GAO-16-575). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sharma, S.P., 2017. U.S. Government Program Managers’ Competencies to Manage Satellite Acquisition Programs (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2016. Allegories of 2 Boroughs Prepare for a Homecoming. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bang and Carpenter, 2008; Gewin, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bang and Carpenter, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFisheries Research
AbbreviationFish. Res.
ISSN (print)0165-7836
ScopeAquatic Science

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