How to format your references using the Fisheries Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisheries Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stratton, M.R., 2011. Exploring the genomes of cancer cells: progress and promise. Science 331, 1553–1558.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ezzati, M., Riboli, E., 2012. Can noncommunicable diseases be prevented? Lessons from studies of populations and individuals. Science 337, 1482–1487.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xia, X.-M., Zeng, X., Lingle, C.J., 2002. Multiple regulatory sites in large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channels. Nature 418, 880–884.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ohashi, Y., Oka, A., Rodrigues-Pousada, R., Possenti, M., Ruberti, I., Morelli, G., Aoyama, T., 2003. Modulation of phospholipid signaling by GLABRA2 in root-hair pattern formation. Science 300, 1427–1430.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duffy, D.J., 2006. Introduction to C++ for Financial Engineers. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Inoue, K., Satoh, K., Toni, F. (Eds.), 2007. Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems: 7th International Workshop, CLIMA VII, Hakodate, Japan, May 8-9, 2006, Revised Selected and Invited Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hilton, M., Nelson, N., McDonald, H., McDonald, S., Metoyer, R., Dig, D., 2016. TDDViz: Using Software Changes to Understand Conformance to Test Driven Development, in: Sharp, H., Hall, T. (Eds.), Agile Processes, in Software Engineering, and Extreme Programming: 17th International Conference, XP 2016, Edinburgh, UK, May 24-27, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisheries Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Northern Irish Man Becomes First To Receive World’s Smallest Heart Pump [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. James Webb Space Telescope: Project Facing Increased Schedule Risk with Significant Work Remaining (No. GAO-15-100). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swartz, H., 2017. The Multitude Speaks in Style: An Analysis of Vernacular Agency through Images of Ruth Bader Ginsburg (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Skurnick, L., Bai, M., Spitznagel, E., Batali, M., Gross, J., Reeves, H., Henig, S., Newton, M., Sittenfeld, C., Kelly, J., Shortz, W., Giudice, T., Itzkoff, D., Hanel, M., Cowen, T., 2012. The One-Page Magazine. New York Times MM9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stratton, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ezzati and Riboli, 2012; Stratton, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ezzati and Riboli, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Ohashi et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFisheries Research
AbbreviationFish. Res.
ISSN (print)0165-7836
ScopeAquatic Science

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