How to format your references using the Fisheries Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisheries Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crooks, R.M., 2014. Therapeutics: Detective work on drug dosage. Nature 505, 165–166.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bannerman, D.M., Sprengel, R., 2007. Neuroscience. Remembering the subtle differences. Science 317, 50–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ragazzoni, R., Marchetti, E., Valente, G., 2000. Adaptive-optics corrections available for the whole sky. Nature 403, 54–56.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yoshida, R., Tsubota, K., Ishiga, T., Sunagawa, M., Sonoyama, J., Aoki, D., Flouquet, J., Wakita, T., Muraoka, Y., Yokoya, T., 2013. Translational symmetry breaking and gapping of heavy-quasiparticle pocket in URu₂Si₂. Sci. Rep. 3, 2750.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Magnasco, V., 2010. Models for Bonding in Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Laveault, D., Allal, L. (Eds.), 2016. Assessment for Learning: Meeting the Challenge of Implementation, The Enabling Power of Assessment. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Wu, S., Fan, Y., Tian, Y., 2013. Hepatobiliary Surgery, in: Wu, S., Fan, Y., Tian, Y. (Eds.), Atlas of Single-Incision Laparoscopic Operations in General Surgery. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 183–261.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisheries Research.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Researchers Create DNA “Tape Recorder” To Track Individual Cell’s Development [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Year 2000 Computing: EFT 99 Is Not Expected to Affect Year 2000 Remediation Efforts (No. AIMD-98-272R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Knoth, K.C., 2017. Biological Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experiences: An Examination of an Introductory Level Implementation (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kaminer, A., Southall, A., 2013. Baruch College Student Dies After Fraternity Ritual in Poconos. New York Times A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crooks, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bannerman and Sprengel, 2007; Crooks, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bannerman and Sprengel, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoshida et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFisheries Research
AbbreviationFish. Res.
ISSN (print)0165-7836
ScopeAquatic Science

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