How to format your references using the Fisheries Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisheries Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buffett, B.A., 2007. Geophysics. Taking Earth’s temperature. Science 315, 1801–1802.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gillette, M.U., Sejnowski, T.J., 2005. Physiology. Biological clocks coordinately keep life on time. Science 309, 1196–1198.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, J., Han, D., Zhao, Y.-P., 2014. Kinetic behaviour of the cells touching substrate: the interfacial stiffness guides cell spreading. Sci. Rep. 4, 3910.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, Z.-H., Shi, Y., Tibbetts, R.S., Miyamoto, S., 2006. Molecular linkage between the kinase ATM and NF-kappaB signaling in response to genotoxic stimuli. Science 311, 1141–1146.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reid, G., 2011. Dyslexia. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Wickramasinghe, N., Al-Hakim, L., Gonzalez, C., Tan, J. (Eds.), 2014. Lean Thinking for Healthcare, Healthcare Delivery in the Information Age. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Grefenstette, E., Sadrzadeh, M., Clark, S., Coecke, B., Pulman, S., 2014. Concrete Sentence Spaces for Compositional Distributional Models of Meaning, in: Bunt, H., Bos, J., Pulman, S. (Eds.), Computing Meaning: Volume 4, Text, Speech and Language Technology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 71–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisheries Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. China Has Apparently Been Testing The EmDrive In Space [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Comments on Energy Research and Development Administration’s Proposed Arrangement for the Clinch River Breeder Reactor Demonstration Plant Project (No. RED-75-361). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al-Qazzaz, A.L., 2013. A kinetic study of the radiolytic degradation of phthalates in aqueous solutions (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J., 2016. Judge Allows Departure of 7 Chimps to England. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buffett, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Buffett, 2007; Gillette and Sejnowski, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gillette and Sejnowski, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFisheries Research
AbbreviationFish. Res.
ISSN (print)0165-7836
ScopeAquatic Science

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