How to format your references using the Fisheries Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisheries Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simmons, D., 2000. Madame Bovary, c’est moi. Nature 407, 137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Madix, R.J., Friend, C.M., 2011. Interfacial chemistry: gold’s enigmatic surface. Nature 479, 482–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, W., Dunkle, J.A., Cate, J.H.D., 2009. Structures of the ribosome in intermediate states of ratcheting. Science 325, 1014–1017.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Campbell, M., Cleland, J., Ezeh, A., Prata, N., 2007. Public health. Return of the population growth factor. Science 315, 1501–1502.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zinkin, J., 2013. Rebuilding Trust in Banks. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Barnhill, R.L., Piepkorn, M.W., Busam, K.J. (Eds.), 2014. Pathology of Melanocytic Nevi and Melanoma, 3rd ed. 2014. ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Reimann, P., 2015. Testing Times: Data and Their (Mis-)Use in Schools, in: Proctor, H., Brownlee, P., Freebody, P. (Eds.), Controversies in Education: Orthodoxy and Heresy in Policy and Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 39–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisheries Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Meet The “Living Rock” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Vocational Education: Status in School Year 1990-91 and Early Signs of Change at Secondary Level (No. HRD-93-71). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu, B., 2013. Periodic Motions and Bifurcation Tree in a Periodically Excited Oscillator with Quadratic Nonlinearity (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G., 2015. When Radiation Isn’t the Risk. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simmons, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Madix and Friend, 2011; Simmons, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Madix and Friend, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Campbell et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFisheries Research
AbbreviationFish. Res.
ISSN (print)0165-7836
ScopeAquatic Science

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