How to format your references using the Tetrahedron Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tetrahedron Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C. Nature. 2005; 435: 992.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bongaarts J, Sinding S. Science. 2011; 333: 574–576.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hulleman F, van Kerkwijk MH, Kulkarni SR. Nature. 2000; 408: 689–692.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Koh W-K, Koposov AY, Stewart JT, Pal BN, Robel I, Pietryga JM, Klimov VI. Sci Rep. 2013; 3: 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson RK. Visual Data Mining, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Inoue K, Ohwada H, Yamamoto A, Eds. Inductive Logic Programming: 25th International Conference, ILP 2015, Kyoto, Japan, August 20-22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016, vol. 9575.
A chapter in an edited book
Salvail L, Schaffner C, Sotáková M. In Advances in Cryptology – ASIACRYPT 2009: 15th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Tokyo, Japan, December 6-10, 2009. Proceedings; M. Matsui, Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp 70–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tetrahedron Letters.

Blog post
Andrew E. Andrew E. IFLScience. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Judiciary: Information on the Weighted Filings Assigned to Senior District and Magistrate Judges in Fiscal Year 1997 in 21 District Courts, U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu Y. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. New York Times, 2011, SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTetrahedron Letters
AbbreviationTetrahedron Lett.
ISSN (print)0040-4039
Organic Chemistry
Drug Discovery

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