How to format your references using the Investigational New Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Investigational New Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Trivedi BP (2012) Gustatory system: the finer points of taste. Nature 486:S2-3
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gleich B, Weizenecker J (2005) Tomographic imaging using the nonlinear response of magnetic particles. Nature 435:1214–1217
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Behn MD, Hirth G, Kelemen PB (2007) Trench-parallel anisotropy produced by foundering of arc lower crust. Science 317:108–111
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Neff JC, Townsend AR, Gleixner G, et al (2002) Variable effects of nitrogen additions on the stability and turnover of soil carbon. Nature 419:915–917

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Malpass DB, Band EI (2012) Introduction to Industrial Polypropylene. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Shackelford TK, Pound N (2006) Sperm Competition in Humans: Classic and Contemporary Readings. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zweig YR (2016) Memory Clinics and Care Management Programs. In: Boltz M, Galvin JE (eds) Dementia Care: An Evidence-Based Approach. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 45–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Investigational New Drugs.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J (2015) NASA And ESA Hope To Redirect An Asteroid By Smashing A Spacecraft Into It. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/mission-impact-asteroid-and-change-its-trajectory-being-considered-nasa-and-esa/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2014) Federal Vehicle Fleets: GSA Has Opportunities to Further Encourage Cost Savings for Leased Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
McElhoes JL (2017) Spatial, Technological, and Functional Variability Among the Prehistoric Ceramics of the Southern California Coast. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices to Hear Challenge to Money-Laundering Law. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInvestigational New Drugs
AbbreviationInvest. New Drugs
ISSN (print)0167-6997
ISSN (online)1573-0646
ScopeOncology
Pharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology

Other styles