How to format your references using the Investigational New Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Investigational New Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Venkatraman V (2015) Working life. The space roboticist. Science 349:338
A journal article with 2 authors
Patel AG, Kaufmann SH (2010) Cancer. Targeting bacteria to improve cancer therapy. Science 330:766–767
A journal article with 3 authors
Kutnjak Z, Petzelt J, Blinc R (2006) The giant electromechanical response in ferroelectric relaxors as a critical phenomenon. Nature 441:956–959
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Springel V, White SDM, Frenk CS, et al (2008) Prospects for detecting supersymmetric dark matter in the Galactic halo. Nature 456:73–76

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fulton BS (2014) Drug Discovery for the Treatment of Addiction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wright S (2012) Pro SharePoint 2010 Governance. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Liu Z, Song Y, Wang Y, et al (2014) The Catenary Vibration Response of High-Speed Electrified Railway Considering Horizontal Wind. In: Jia L, Liu Z, Qin Y, et al (eds) Proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Electrical and Information Technologies for Rail Transportation (EITRT2013)-Volume I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 45–54

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Investigational New Drugs.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Google Shows How Earth Has Changed In The Last 33 Years. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Highway Projects: Survey of State Departments of Transportation (GAO-12-637SP, June 2012), an E-supplement to GAO-12-593. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tian CY (2010) Studies of equilibrium conditions in housing markets. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ (2017) Activist Fund Pushes Nestlé For Shake-Up. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInvestigational New Drugs
AbbreviationInvest. New Drugs
ISSN (print)0167-6997
ISSN (online)1573-0646
Pharmacology (medical)

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