How to format your references using the Tertiary Education and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tertiary Education and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wallsten, S. (2004). High-tech cluster bombs. Nature, 428(6979), 121–122.
A journal article with 2 authors
Helms, J. A., & Schneider, R. A. (2003). Cranial skeletal biology. Nature, 423(6937), 326–331.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schieber, J., Southard, J., & Thaisen, K. (2007). Accretion of mudstone beds from migrating floccule ripples. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5857), 1760–1763.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jørgensen, L. H., Mosbech, M.-B., Færgeman, N. J., Graakjaer, J., Jacobsen, S. V., & Schrøder, H. D. (2014). Duplication in the microtubule-actin cross-linking factor 1 gene causes a novel neuromuscular condition. Scientific Reports, 4, 5180.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Retherford, R. D., & Choe, M. K. (1993). Statistical Models for Causal Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cleveland, R. H. (Ed.). (2012). Imaging in Pediatric Pulmonology. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
VanBalkom, W. D., & Beara, M. (2012). Making or Breaking the Peace: The Role of Schools in Inter-Ethnic Peace Making. In O. Simić, Z. Volčič, & C. R. Philpot (Eds.), Peace Psychology in the Balkans: Dealing with a Violent Past while Building Peace (pp. 75–87). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tertiary Education and Management.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, January 17). Experiments Show That Microbes Could Definitely Survive On Mars. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). Telecommunication: Air Force Cost Estimates for Scope Exchange Telephone Systems (No. IMTEC-86-22FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ulaganathan, M. N. (2016). Building a volunteered geographic information system (VGIS): A mobile application for disaster management (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2007, July 22). County Gears Up for Its First Empire Games. New York Times, p. WE12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wallsten, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Helms & Schneider, 2003; Wallsten, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Helms & Schneider, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Schieber, Southard, & Thaisen, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jørgensen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTertiary Education and Management
AbbreviationTert. Educ. Manag.
ISSN (print)1358-3883
ISSN (online)1573-1936
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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