How to format your references using the Tertiary Education and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tertiary Education and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grünbaum, D. (2006). Behavior. Align in the sand. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5778), 1320–1322.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baker, P. J., & Wilson, J. S. (2003). Plant ecology: Coexistence of tropical tree species. Nature, 422(6932), 581–582; discussion 852.
A journal article with 3 authors
Emile, O., Le Floch, A., & Vollrath, F. (2006). Biopolymers: shape memory in spider draglines. Nature, 440(7084), 621.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Qin, W., Gong, M., Shastry, T., Hersam, M. C., & Ren, S. (2014). Charge-transfer induced magnetic field effects of nano-carbon heterojunctions. Scientific Reports, 4, 6126.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bhaduri, S., & Mukesh, D. (2014). Homogeneous Catalysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Erdemir, U., & Yildiz, E. (Eds.). (2016). Esthetic and Functional Management of Diastema: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Johnsen, L. (2008). Open Educational Topic Maps: A Text-Oriented Perspective. In L. Maicher & L. M. Garshol (Eds.), Scaling Topic Maps: Third International Conference on Topic Maps Research and Applications, TMRA 2007 Leipzig, Germany, October 11-12, 2007 Revised Selected Papers (pp. 41–50). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tertiary Education and Management.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2017, May 17). Outstanding Drone Footage Captures Blue Whales Feeding. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Air Force ADP: Logistics Systems Modernization Costs Continue to Increase (IMTEC-89-7FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brooks, B. M. (2017). Applying Andragogical Principles to Real-Time Embedded Parental Coaching When Helping Their Children with Hearing Loss to Talk [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, February 10). For Hughes, Gold Medal Never Trumped Family Life. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grünbaum, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Baker & Wilson, 2003; Grünbaum, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baker & Wilson, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Emile et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Qin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTertiary Education and Management
AbbreviationTert. Educ. Manag.
ISSN (print)1358-3883
ISSN (online)1573-1936
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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