How to format your references using the Tertiary Education and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tertiary Education and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fauci, A. S. (2003). Biodefence on the research agenda. Nature, 421(6925), 787.
A journal article with 2 authors
Istvan, E. S., & Deisenhofer, J. (2001). Structural mechanism for statin inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5519), 1160–1164.
A journal article with 3 authors
Corezzi, S., Fioretto, D., & Rolla, P. (2002). Bond-controlled configurational entropy reduction in chemical vitrification. Nature, 420(6916), 653–656.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cardinale, C. J., Washburn, R. S., Tadigotla, V. R., Brown, L. M., Gottesman, M. E., & Nudler, E. (2008). Termination factor Rho and its cofactors NusA and NusG silence foreign DNA in E. coli. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5878), 935–938.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diels, J.-C., & Arissian, L. (2011). Lasers. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Dong, G. (Ed.). (2014). C-C Bond Activation (Vol. 346). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jiang, W., Zhu, J., Xu, J., Li, Z., Zhao, P., & Zhao, L. (2015). HV: A Feature Based Method for Trajectory Dataset Profiling. In J. Wang, W. Cellary, D. Wang, H. Wang, S.-C. Chen, T. Li, & Y. Zhang (Eds.), Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2015: 16th International Conference, Miami, FL, USA, November 1-3, 2015, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 46–60). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tertiary Education and Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, October 25). How Close Are We To Finding Another Earth? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). GAO and Federal Government ADP Procurement (No. 100060). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherman, C. P. (2001). The effect of head and heart on municipal employee retention [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, January 12). Film Series. New York Times, C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fauci, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Fauci, 2003; Istvan & Deisenhofer, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Istvan & Deisenhofer, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Corezzi et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cardinale et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleTertiary Education and Management
AbbreviationTert. Educ. Manag.
ISSN (print)1358-3883
ISSN (online)1573-1936
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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