How to format your references using the Tertiary Education and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tertiary Education and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Primack, J. (2010). Astronomy. Hidden growth of supermassive black holes in galaxy mergers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5978), 576–578.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wayland, B., & Fu, X. (2006). Chemistry. Building molecules with carbon monoxide reductive coupling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5762), 790–791.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bunge, J., Epstein, S. S., & Peterson, D. G. (2006). Comment on “Computational improvements reveal great bacterial diversity and high metal toxicity in soil.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5789), 918; author reply 918.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Vaquero, A., Scher, M., Erdjument-Bromage, H., Tempst, P., Serrano, L., & Reinberg, D. (2007). SIRT1 regulates the histone methyl-transferase SUV39H1 during heterochromatin formation. Nature, 450(7168), 440–444.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox, C. (2014). An Introduction to LTE. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Akiyama, J. (2011). Factors and Factorizations of Graphs: Proof Techniques in Factor Theory (M. Kano, Ed.; Vol. 2031). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hwang, J.-I., Sung, M.-H., Kim, I.-J., Ahn, S. C., Kim, H.-G., & Ko, H. (2013). Painting Alive: Handheld Augmented Reality System for Large Targets. In R. Shumaker (Ed.), Virtual Augmented and Mixed Reality. Designing and Developing Augmented and Virtual Environments: 5th International Conference, VAMR 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 32–38). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tertiary Education and Management.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, November 22). China Will Build A Solar Plant In The Chernobyl Exclusion Zone Next Year. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). ADP Modernization: Health Care Financing Administration’s Software Redesign Contract (IMTEC-89-15). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walters, L. A. (2015). A Mixed-Methods Exploration of Employee Attitudes, Awareness, and Satisfaction with Regard to the University Employee Wellness Program [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartman, S. (2016, September 18). A Subway Singer in the Spotlight. New York Times, MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Primack, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Primack, 2010; Wayland & Fu, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wayland & Fu, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Bunge et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Vaquero et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleTertiary Education and Management
AbbreviationTert. Educ. Manag.
ISSN (print)1358-3883
ISSN (online)1573-1936
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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