How to format your references using the Tertiary Education and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tertiary Education and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eckhardt, B. (2011). Applied physics. A critical point for turbulence. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6039), 165–166.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson, K. R., & Ellis, B. (2002). A tropical rainforest in Colorado 1.4 million years after the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5577), 2379–2383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xiang, G. Y., Hofmann, H. F., & Pryde, G. J. (2013). Optimal multi-photon phase sensing with a single interference fringe. Scientific Reports, 3, 2684.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nomura, D. K., Morrison, B. E., Blankman, J. L., Long, J. Z., Kinsey, S. G., Marcondes, M. C. G., Ward, A. M., Hahn, Y. K., Lichtman, A. H., Conti, B., & Cravatt, B. F. (2011). Endocannabinoid hydrolysis generates brain prostaglandins that promote neuroinflammation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6057), 809–813.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lütolf-Carroll, C., Antti Pirnes, & Withers LLP. (2009). From Innovation to Cash Flows. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Reddy, G. V. (2016). Recovering Biodiversity in Indian Forests (K. U. Karanth, N. S. Kumar, J. Krishnaswamy, & K. K. Karanth, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lapidus, M. L., & van Frankenhuijsen, M. (2013). Explicit Formulas for Generalized Fractal Strings. In M. van Frankenhuijsen (Ed.), Fractal Geometry, Complex Dimensions and Zeta Functions: Geometry and Spectra of Fractal Strings (pp. 137–178). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tertiary Education and Management.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 6). Fukushima Is Turning Into A Robot Graveyard After Multiple Probe Failures. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: USDA Needs to Accelerate Time Frames for Completing Contingency Planning (AIMD-99-178). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perkins, J. (2017). “Inside of each story was a piece of my story”: Applied folklore addressing stigma around perinatal mood and anxiety disorders [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rohan, T. (2013, April 16). War Zone at Mile 26: ‘So Many People Without Legs.’ New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eckhardt, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Eckhardt, 2011; Johnson & Ellis, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson & Ellis, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Xiang et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nomura et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleTertiary Education and Management
AbbreviationTert. Educ. Manag.
ISSN (print)1358-3883
ISSN (online)1573-1936
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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