How to format your references using the International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Mora C. Comment on “Global correlations in tropical tree species richness and abundance reject neutrality.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 2012; 336(6089):1639; author reply 1639.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hedwig B, Poulet JFA. Complex auditory behaviour emerges from simple reactive steering. Nature 2004; 430(7001):781–785.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bylinskii A, Gangloff D, Vuletić V. Friction. Tuning friction atom-by-atom in an ion-crystal simulator. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2015; 348(6239):1115–1118.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Mehdiabadi NJ, Jack CN, Farnham TT, et al. Social evolution: kin preference in a social microbe. Nature 2006; 442(7105):881–882.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Prazeres DMF. Plasmid Biopharmaceuticals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Hoi SCH, Luo J, Boll S, Xu D, Jin R, King I eds. Social Media Modeling and Computing. London: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Siegel J. The Roles of Hypocretin/Orexin in Narcolepsy, Parkinson’s Disease, and Normal Behavior. In: Baumann CR, Bassetti CL, Scammell TE, eds. Narcolepsy: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment. New York, NY: Springer; 2011:37–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. Dark Matter May Have Punched Huge Holes In A Stream Of Stars. IFLScience September 8, 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/dark-matter-may-have-punched-huge-holes-in-a-stream-of-stars/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Los Angeles Red Line: Financing Decisions Could Affect This and Other Los Angeles County Rail Capital Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Johnson DA. Job satisfaction in the operating room: An analysis of the cultural competence of nurses. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Astros Even It Up in Home Run Derby. New York Times. October 26, 2017:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
AbbreviationInt. j. numer. method. biomed. eng.
ISSN (print)2040-7939
ISSN (online)2040-7947
ScopeMolecular Biology
Computational Theory and Mathematics
Software
Biomedical Engineering
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation

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