How to format your references using the Gene Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gene Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McClung CR. Plant science. Making hunger yield. Science 2014; 344: 699–700.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hunt PA, Hassold TJ. Sex matters in meiosis. Science 2002; 296: 2181–2183.
A journal article with 3 authors
Franke KJ, Schulze G, Pascual JI. Competition of superconducting phenomena and Kondo screening at the nanoscale. Science 2011; 332: 940–944.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen Y, Wang L, Xue Y, Jiang L, Zheng Y. Bioinspired tilt-angle fabricated structure gradient fibers: micro-drops fast transport in a long-distance. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 2927.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Segal HP. Utopias. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Tenny L. Entity Framework 4.0 Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach. Apress: Berkeley, CA, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Ranathunga S, Cranefield S, Purvis M. Integrating Expectation Monitoring into BDI Agents. In: Dennis L, Boissier O, Bordini RH (eds). Programming Multi-Agent Systems: 9th International Workshop, ProMAS 2011, Taipei, Taiwan, May 3, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012, pp 74–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gene Therapy.

Blog post
Fang J. Why Parrots Have Unusually Large Brains. IFLScience. 2014. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Opportunities to Reduce Fragmentation, Overlap, and Potential Duplication in Federal Teacher Quality and Employment and Training Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Millar CL. Re-specting graffiti: Transgression at play in art, language, and ritual. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Exhibition Recalls Slam-Bang World Of Pulp Magazines. New York Times. 2012; : F38.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGene Therapy
AbbreviationGene Ther.
ISSN (print)0969-7128
ISSN (online)1476-5462
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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