How to format your references using the Gene Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gene Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Killian TC. Ultracold neutral plasmas. Science 2007; 316: 705–708.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roach M, Sauermann H. ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Founders and joiners. Science 2015; 348: 1200–1201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu X, Zheng X, You H. Exceptional dinosaur fossils show ontogenetic development of early feathers. Nature 2010; 464: 1338–1341.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kostrewa D, Zeller ME, Armache K-J, Seizl M, Leike K, Thomm M et al. RNA polymerase II-TFIIB structure and mechanism of transcription initiation. Nature 2009; 462: 323–330.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Means RS. Green Building: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Kim J, Garcia-Aguilar J (eds.). Surgery for Cancers of the Gastrointestinal Tract: A Step-by-Step Approach. Springer: New York, NY, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Nehm RH, Hickman CS. Assessing the Effects of Taphonomic Processes on Palaeobiological Patterns using Turbinid Gastropod Shells and Opercula. In: Nehm RH, Budd AF (eds). Evolutionary Stasis and Change in the Dominican Republic Neogene. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2008, pp 63–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gene Therapy.

Blog post
Andrew E. Do-it-yourself lava flows. IFLScience. 2013. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Essential Air Service: Changes in Subsidy Levels, Air Carrier Costs, and Passenger Traffic. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zavarella CA. Computer -based instruction and remedial mathematics: A study of student retention at a Florida community college. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Traub J. Hard Truths About Refugees. New York Times. 2017; : A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGene Therapy
AbbreviationGene Ther.
ISSN (print)0969-7128
ISSN (online)1476-5462
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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