How to format your references using the Gene Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gene Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Casey BJ. Neuroscience. Windows into the human brain. Science 2002; 296: 1408–1409.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brewer PG, Peltzer ET. OCEANS. Limits to marine life. Science 2009; 324: 347–348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gambetta MC, Oktaba K, Müller J. Essential role of the glycosyltransferase sxc/Ogt in polycomb repression. Science 2009; 325: 93–96.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
de Lucas M, Davière J-M, Rodríguez-Falcón M, Pontin M, Iglesias-Pedraz JM, Lorrain S et al. A molecular framework for light and gibberellin control of cell elongation. Nature 2008; 451: 480–484.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Godula-Jopek A, Jehle W, Wellnitz J. Hydrogen Storage Technologies. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2012.
An edited book
Askoxylakis I, Pöhls HC, Posegga J (eds.). Information Security Theory and Practice. Security, Privacy and Trust in Computing Systems and Ambient Intelligent Ecosystems: 6th IFIP WG 11.2 International Workshop, WISTP 2012, Egham, UK, June 20-22, 2012. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Ramírez ML, Farnochi MC, Chulze SN. Ecophysiology of Fusarium graminearum Main Pathogen Associated to Fusarium Head Blight in Latin America. In: Alconada Magliano TM, Chulze SN (eds). Fusarium Head Blight in Latin America. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013, pp 45–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gene Therapy.

Blog post
Luntz S. Dinosaurs Co-existed By Dividing Their Dinners. IFLScience. 2014. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Student Testing: Current Extent and Expenditures, With Cost Estimates for a National Examination. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De la Pena Wing T. Remembering Malintzin’s dream: A bridge between two cultures through language and love. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. In California, Study Says, Teachers’ Pensions Fall Short of Other Public Workers’. New York Times. 2011; : B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGene Therapy
AbbreviationGene Ther.
ISSN (print)0969-7128
ISSN (online)1476-5462
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

Other styles