How to format your references using the Gene Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gene Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wulff K. Examining knowledge of geometry. Science 2006; 312: 1309–10; author reply 1309-10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Furukawa A, Tanaka H. Violation of the incompressibility of liquid by simple shear flow. Nature 2006; 443: 434–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu XC, Zhang HW, Lu K. Strain-induced ultrahard and ultrastable nanolaminated structure in nickel. Science 2013; 342: 337–340.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Akahane Y, Asano T, Song B-S, Noda S. High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal. Nature 2003; 425: 944–947.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wong KD. Fundamentals of Wireless Communication Engineering Technologies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Luján HD, Svärd S (eds.). Giardia: A Model Organism. Springer: Vienna, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Welfens PJJ, Perret JK, Irawan T, Yushkova E. New Indicator Concept. In: Perret JK, Irawan T, Yushkova E (eds). Towards Global Sustainability: Issues, New Indicators and Economic Policy. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016, pp 47–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gene Therapy.

Blog post
Davis J. Britain’s Oldest Sauropod Dinosaur Discovered. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [FAA Employees’ Use of Government Vehicles for After-Hours Transportation]. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ghale K. Modeling the Traffic Impacts During Evacuation of a Suburban University Campus: A Case Study. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Scouting Report. New York Times. 2010; : E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGene Therapy
AbbreviationGene Ther.
ISSN (print)0969-7128
ISSN (online)1476-5462
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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