How to format your references using the Gene Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gene Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weintraub K. Drug development: Releasing the brakes. Nature 2013; 504: S6-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
McGurk L, Bonini NM. Cell biology. Yeast informs Alzheimer’s disease. Science 2011; 334: 1212–1213.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aronov D, Andalman AS, Fee MS. A specialized forebrain circuit for vocal babbling in the juvenile songbird. Science 2008; 320: 630–634.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Baumberger F, Auwärter W, Greber T, Osterwalder J. Electron coherence in a melting lead monolayer. Science 2004; 306: 2221–2224.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mazze RS, Strock ES, Simonson GD, Bergenstal RM. Staged Diabetes Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
Sommers LS, Launer J (eds.). Clinical Uncertainty in Primary Care: The Challenge of Collaborative Engagement. Springer: New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Jenkins DH. The Effects of Bullets. In: Brooks AJ, Clasper J, Midwinter M, Hodgetts TJ, Mahoney PF (eds). Ryan’s Ballistic Trauma: A Practical Guide. Springer: London, 2011, pp 37–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gene Therapy.

Blog post
Luntz S. Mushrooms Could Extend Battery Life. IFLScience. 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FAA Budget: Important Challenges Affecting Aviation Safety, Capacity, and Efficiency. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Do YK. Effects of informal care on caregivers’ labor market outcomes and health in South Korea. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. Mixture of Upsets and Injuries Leaves Chase for Men’s Title Wide Open. New York Times. 2017; : SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGene Therapy
AbbreviationGene Ther.
ISSN (print)0969-7128
ISSN (online)1476-5462
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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