How to format your references using the Renewable Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Renewable Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Sreenivasan, Quantitative analysis of the evolution of novelty in cinema through crowdsourced keywords, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2758.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.R. Stahley, S.A. Strobel, Structural evidence for a two-metal-ion mechanism of group I intron splicing, Science. 309 (2005) 1587–1590.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.V. Yelshanskaya, M. Li, A.I. Sobolevsky, Structure of an agonist-bound ionotropic glutamate receptor, Science. 345 (2014) 1070–1074.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.S. Gupta, M. Stadler, C.A. Noser, A. Ghosh, B. Steinhoff, D. Lenoir, C.P. Horwitz, K.-W. Schramm, T.J. Collins, Rapid total destruction of chlorophenols by activated hydrogen peroxide, Science. 296 (2002) 326–328.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Allerton, Principles of Flight Simulation, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2009.
An edited book
V.F. Hendricks, Infostorms: Why do we “like”? Explaining individual behavior on the social net, 2nd ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Eguchi, N. Ochiai, Movement Disorder and Rehabilitation, in: Y. Sankai, K. Suzuki, Y. Hasegawa (Eds.), Cybernics: Fusion of Human, Machine and Information Systems, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2014: pp. 89–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Renewable Energy.

Blog post
T. Hale, If We Don’t Cut Our Carbon Emissions, This Is What The World Will Look Like By 2100, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Highway Emergency Relief: Strengthened Oversight of Project Eligibility Decisions Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.A. Pikiewicz, I never knew I had expectations until I realized they weren’t going to come true: A grounded theory study of mothering a chronically ill child, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R. George, ... And Sewage, Too, New York Times. (2010) A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRenewable Energy
AbbreviationRenew. Energy
ISSN (print)0960-1481
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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