How to format your references using the Renewable Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Renewable Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F.W. Spiegel, Evolution. Contemplating the first Plantae, Science. 335 (2012) 809–810.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.M. Caputo, S.H. Collins, Prosthetic ankle push-off work reduces metabolic rate but not collision work in non-amputee walking, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7213.
A journal article with 3 authors
K.W. Deitsch, M.S. Calderwood, T.E. Wellems, Malaria. Cooperative silencing elements in var genes, Nature. 412 (2001) 875–876.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. Buffetaut, V. Suteethorn, G. Cuny, H. Tong, J. Le Loeuff, S. Khansubha, S. Jongautchariyakul, The earliest known sauropod dinosaur, Nature. 407 (2000) 72–74.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.C. Carvalho, Practical Laboratory Automation, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2016.
An edited book
A. Bonfiglio, D. De Rossi, eds., Wearable Monitoring Systems, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
J.X. Madarász, T.S. Ahmed, Amalgamation, Interpolation and Epimorphisms in Algebraic Logic, in: H. Andréka, M. Ferenczi, I. Németi (Eds.), Cylindric-like Algebras and Algebraic Logic, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 91–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Renewable Energy.

Blog post
E. Andrew, T.Rex’s Relative Was The “King of Gore,” IFLScience. (2013).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Freight Rail Security: Actions Have Been Taken to Enhance Security, but the Federal Strategy Can Be Strengthened and Security Efforts Better Monitored, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.S. Nevitt, Organic Geochemical Proxies as Indicators of Paleoenvironmental Conditions and Source Sediment Provenance in the Chenier Plain, Vermilion and Cameron Parishes, Louisiana, USA, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.B. Stewart, Following Amazon In the Hunt For a Home, New York Times. (2017) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRenewable Energy
AbbreviationRenew. Energy
ISSN (print)0960-1481
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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