How to format your references using the Renewable Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Renewable Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G.J. Milburn, Physics. Quantum measurement and control of single spins in diamond, Science. 330 (2010) 1188–1189.
A journal article with 2 authors
L.A. Sazanov, P. Hinchliffe, Structure of the hydrophilic domain of respiratory complex I from Thermus thermophilus, Science. 311 (2006) 1430–1436.
A journal article with 3 authors
B.J. Richmond, Z. Liu, M. Shidara, Neuroscience. Predicting future rewards, Science. 301 (2003) 179–180.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Jedicke, D. Nesvorný, R. Whiteley, Z. Ivezić Z, M. Jurić, An age-colour relationship for main-belt S-complex asteroids, Nature. 429 (2004) 275–277.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.-C. Valière, Acoustic Particle Velocity Measurements Using Lasers, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
R. Derosas, F. van Poppel, eds., Religion and the Decline of Fertility in the Western World, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Kobsa, Generic User Modeling Systems, in: P. Brusilovsky, A. Kobsa, W. Nejdl (Eds.), The Adaptive Web: Methods and Strategies of Web Personalization, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: pp. 136–154.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Renewable Energy.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Why Homeopathy Must Not Gain A Foothold In The UK, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Homeland Security: Improvements in Managing Research and Development Could Help Reduce Inefficiencies and Costs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Shaker, Design of Front End Circuits for a Low Power Ultra Wide Band Receiver, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Barron, Celebrating a Honey Harvest in the Center of Hudson Yards, New York Times. (2017) A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRenewable Energy
AbbreviationRenew. Energy
ISSN (print)0960-1481
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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