How to format your references using the Telecommunication Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Telecommunication Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer, G. (2015). Playing the field. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6237), 938.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coley, P. D., & Kursar, T. A. (2014). Ecology. On tropical forests and their pests. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6166), 35–36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeffrey, J. L., Terrett, J. A., & MacMillan, D. W. C. (2015). O-H hydrogen bonding promotes H-atom transfer from α C-H bonds for C-alkylation of alcohols. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6255), 1532–1536.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Treps, N., Grosse, N., Bowen, W. P., Fabre, C., Bachor, H.-A., & Lam, P. K. (2003). A quantum laser pointer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5635), 940–943.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips, J. J., Brantley, W., & Phillips, P. P. (2011). Project Management ROI. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Suarez, A., & Adams, P. (Eds.). (2013). Is Science Compatible with Free Will?: Exploring Free Will and Consciousness in the Light of Quantum Physics and Neuroscience. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Phan, R. C.-W., Whitley, J. N., & Parish, D. J. (2011). Adversarial Security: Getting to the Root of the Problem. In J. Camenisch, V. Kisimov, & M. Dubovitskaya (Eds.), Open Research Problems in Network Security: IFIP WG 11.4 International Workshop, iNetSec 2010, Sofia, Bulgaria, March 5-6, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 47–55). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Telecommunication Systems.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, October 19). Newly Discovered “Blast Waves” Found In The Sun’s Atmosphere. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Amtrak Training: Improvements Needed for Employees Who Inspect and Maintain Rail Equipment (No. RCED-93-68). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, C. P. (2010). Range vs. register: An important distinction in choral repertoire for the adolescent male (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, June 27). Turmoil Continues at Pandora Media As C.E.O. Joins Management Exodus. New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTelecommunication Systems
AbbreviationTelecommun. Syst.
ISSN (print)1018-4864
ISSN (online)1572-9451
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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