How to format your references using the Mechanisms of Ageing and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechanisms of Ageing and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Long, J.C.S., 2011. Piecemeal cuts won’t add up to radical reductions. Nature 478, 429.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasupathy, A., Miller, E.K., 2005. Different time courses of learning-related activity in the prefrontal cortex and striatum. Nature 433, 873–876.
A journal article with 3 authors
Plante, O.J., Palmacci, E.R., Seeberger, P.H., 2001. Automated solid-phase synthesis of oligosaccharides. Science 291, 1523–1527.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
White, M.A., Eykelenboom, J.K., Lopez-Vernaza, M.A., Wilson, E., Leach, D.R.F., 2008. Non-random segregation of sister chromosomes in Escherichia coli. Nature 455, 1248–1250.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Singer, B., Fedorinchik, G., 2009. Investment Leadership and Portfolio Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mostafa, G., Cathey, L., Greene, F.L. (Eds.), 2006. Review of Surgery: Basic Science and Clinical Topics for ABSITE. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Macheleidt, W., Grischek, T., Nestler, W., 2006. New Approaches for Estimating Streambed Infiltration Rates, in: Hubbs, S.A. (Ed.), Riverbank Filtration Hydrology: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Riverbank Filtration Hydrology Bratislava, Slovakia September 2004, Nato Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 73–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechanisms of Ageing and Development.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. There Has Been A Mysterious Disruption Of Stratospheric Winds [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Efforts to Deal With Personnel Issues (No. AIMD/GGD-99-14). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garbarini, L., 2017. Comparison of the Completion Pathways of Four Categories of Doctoral Students from a Midwestern University (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2002. World Briefing | Europe: Moldova: Opposition Politician Missing. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Long, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Long, 2011; Pasupathy and Miller, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pasupathy and Miller, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (White et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleMechanisms of Ageing and Development
AbbreviationMech. Ageing Dev.
ISSN (print)0047-6374
Developmental Biology

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