How to format your references using the Mechanisms of Ageing and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechanisms of Ageing and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag, H., 2015. Molecular biology: Marked progress. Nature 527, S114-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, D., Su, G., 2014. New strategy to promote conversion efficiency using high-index nanostructures in thin-film solar cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 7165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fish, J., Raule, N., Attardi, G., 2004. Discovery of a major D-loop replication origin reveals two modes of human mtDNA synthesis. Science 306, 2098–2101.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aoki, W., Saito, M., Manabe, R.-I., Mori, H., Yamaguchi, Y., Tamiya, E., 2014. Integrating reductive and synthetic approaches in biology using man-made cell-like compartments. Sci. Rep. 4, 4722.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cauvin, C., Escobar, F., Serradj, A., 2010. New Approaches in Thematic Cartography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rosenthal, D.L., Wojcik, E.M., Kurtycz, D.F.I. (Eds.), 2016. The Paris System for Reporting Urinary Cytology, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Herrera, F., Ventura, S., Bello, R., Cornelis, C., Zafra, A., Sánchez-Tarragó, D., Vluymans, S., 2016. Instance-Based Classification Methods, in: Ventura, S., Bello, R., Cornelis, C., Zafra, A., Sánchez-Tarragó, D., Vluymans, S. (Eds.), Multiple Instance Learning: Foundations and Algorithms. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 67–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechanisms of Ageing and Development.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Metabolic Reactions Could Have Occurred Before The Formation Of Life [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Strong Leadership Today Needed To Prevent Future Disruption of Government Services (No. T-AIMD-97-51). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robles, B., 2009. Academic achievement among foster care children with a disability: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J., 2017. Thinking About the Future in a Place Where Lives Ended. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hoag, 2015; Wang and Su, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Su, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Aoki et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMechanisms of Ageing and Development
AbbreviationMech. Ageing Dev.
ISSN (print)0047-6374
Developmental Biology

Other styles