How to format your references using the Mechanisms of Ageing and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechanisms of Ageing and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kazlauskas, R., 2001. Tech.Sight. Modeling--a tool for experimentalists. Science 293, 2277–2279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nudds, R.L., Dyke, G.J., 2010. Narrow primary feather rachises in Confuciusornis and Archaeopteryx suggest poor flight ability. Science 328, 887–889.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roughgarden, J., Oishi, M., Akçay, E., 2006. Reproductive social behavior: cooperative games to replace sexual selection. Science 311, 965–969.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schwarz, D., Matta, B.M., Shakir-Botteri, N.L., McPheron, B.A., 2005. Host shift to an invasive plant triggers rapid animal hybrid speciation. Nature 436, 546–549.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, B., Wang, X., 2014. Chaos Analysis and Chaotic EMI Suppression of DC-DC Converters. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Abetz, V. (Ed.), 2005. Block Copolymers I, Advances in Polymer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bowden, R., Ellis, L., Kittler, J., Shevchenko, M., Windridge, D., 2005. Unsupervised Symbol Grounding and Cognitive Bootstrapping in Cognitive Vision, in: Roli, F., Vitulano, S. (Eds.), Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2005: 13th International Conference, Cagliari, Italy, September 6-8, 2005. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 27–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechanisms of Ageing and Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Cancer Could Be As Old As Multicellular Life Itself [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Aviation Safety: Efforts to Implement Flight Operational Quality Assurance Programs (No. RCED-98-10). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Datta, A., 2017. Speech Synthesis Using Unsupervised Learning (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2003. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Kidnapped Boy Freed After Three Years. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kazlauskas, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Kazlauskas, 2001; Nudds and Dyke, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nudds and Dyke, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Schwarz et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleMechanisms of Ageing and Development
AbbreviationMech. Ageing Dev.
ISSN (print)0047-6374
Developmental Biology

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