How to format your references using the La radiologia medica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for La radiologia medica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ambros V (2004) The functions of animal microRNAs. Nature 431:350–355
A journal article with 2 authors
Roediger HL 3rd, McDermott KB (2011) Neuroscience. Remember when? Science 333:47–48
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang S, Pollack HN, Shen PY (2000) Temperature trends over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole temperatures. Nature 403:756–758
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Griffith EM, Paytan A, Caldeira K, et al (2008) A dynamic marine calcium cycle during the past 28 million years. Science 322:1671–1674

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli D (2007) IP Multicast with Applications to IPTV and Mobile DVB-H. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Clauss-Ehlers CS, Serpell ZN, Weist MD (2013) Handbook of Culturally Responsive School Mental Health: Advancing Research, Training, Practice, and Policy. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Firoozye NB, Ariff F (2016) Probability Applied. In: Ariff F (ed) Managing Uncertainty, Mitigating Risk: Tackling the Unknown in Financial Risk Assessment and Decision Making. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 81–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for La radiologia medica.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) The Cosmic Crime-Scene Hunt For Clues On How Galaxies Are Formed. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Results-Oriented Management: OPM Needs to Do More to Ensure Meaningful Distinctions Are Made in SES Ratings and Performance Awards. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liang JR (2017) A Risk Analysis of the Molybdenum-99 Supply Chain Using Bayesian Networks. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mackay IP (1935) Dogwood at Valley Forge. New York Times BOOKS ART22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLa radiologia medica
AbbreviationRadiol. Med.
ISSN (print)0033-8362
ISSN (online)1826-6983
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles