How to format your references using the La radiologia medica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for La radiologia medica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eysel UT (2003) Neuroscience. Illusions and perceived images in the primate brain. Science 302:789–791
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Brien SJ, Murphy WJ (2003) Genomics. A dog’s breakfast? Science 301:1854–1855
A journal article with 3 authors
Haig J, Nott J, Reichart G-J (2014) Australian tropical cyclone activity lower than at any time over the past 550-1,500 years. Nature 505:667–671
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Stricker J, Cookson S, Bennett MR, et al (2008) A fast, robust and tunable synthetic gene oscillator. Nature 456:516–519

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Toptygin IN (2015) Electromagnetic Phenomena in Matter. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Skiadas CH (2010) Advances in Data Analysis: Theory and Applications to Reliability and Inference, Data Mining, Bioinformatics, Lifetime Data, and Neural Networks. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Lagorio SL, Vizán H, Geuna SE (2016) Geodynamical Setting for the Tholeiites of Misiones Province (North-eastern Argentina) in the Context of the PMP and the Alkaline Volcanism of Córdoba Province (Central Argentina). In: Vizán H, Geuna SE (eds) Early Cretaceous Volcanism in Central and Eastern Argentina During Gondwana Break-Up. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 129–135

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for La radiologia medica.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Male Peacocks Spend Most Their Time Checking Out Guys And Ignoring Females. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Mass Transit: Reauthorization Offers Opportunity To Address the Appropriate Federal Role. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Virchez Azuara A (2015) A human resource perspective on the development of workforce agility. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Weiser B (2015) Chinese Magnate Is Accused of Lying About Millions in Cash He Brought to U.S. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLa radiologia medica
AbbreviationRadiol. Med.
ISSN (print)0033-8362
ISSN (online)1826-6983
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles