How to format your references using the La radiologia medica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for La radiologia medica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Falk ML (2007) Materials science. The flow of glass. Science 318:1880–1881
A journal article with 2 authors
Kroymann J, Mitchell-Olds T (2005) Epistasis and balanced polymorphism influencing complex trait variation. Nature 435:95–98
A journal article with 3 authors
De Pontieu B, Title A, Carlsson M (2014) Eyeing the Sun. Probing the solar interface region. Introduction. Science 346:315
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Frey GD, Lavallo V, Donnadieu B, et al (2007) Facile splitting of hydrogen and ammonia by nucleophilic activation at a single carbon center. Science 316:439–441

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Decreusefond L, Moyal P (2012) Stochastic Modeling and Analysis of Telecom Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Weber WG, Thoma M, Ostendorf A, Chisholm L (2012) Democratic Competences and Social Practices in Organizations. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden
A chapter in an edited book
Ding M, Yu N, Ruan X (2006) Cooperative Motor Learning Model for Cerebellar Control of Balance and Locomotion. In: Wang J, Yi Z, Zurada JM, et al (eds) Advances in Neural Networks - ISNN 2006: Third International Symposium on Neural Networks, Chengdu, China, May 28 - June 1, 2006, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 27–33

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for La radiologia medica.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Fracking Causes Over 12 Toxic Spills Per Week In The US. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Office of Federal Student Aid: Better Strategic and Human Capital Planning Would Help Sustain Management Progress. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prietto M (2015) No place like home: The problem and the promise of the home psychotherapy office. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris EA (2014) Walking Away, Quietly. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLa radiologia medica
AbbreviationRadiol. Med.
ISSN (print)0033-8362
ISSN (online)1826-6983
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles