How to format your references using the La radiologia medica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for La radiologia medica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clarke PR (2005) Cell biology. A gradient signal orchestrates the mitotic spindle. Science 309:1334–1335
A journal article with 2 authors
Clarke CF, Allan CM (2015) Biochemistry: Unexpected role for vitamin B2. Nature 522:427–428
A journal article with 3 authors
Paniagua-Domínguez R, Abujetas DR, Sánchez-Gil JA (2013) Ultra low-loss, isotropic optical negative-index metamaterial based on hybrid metal-semiconductor nanowires. Sci Rep 3:1507
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Young J, Walker SM, Bomphrey RJ, et al (2009) Details of insect wing design and deformation enhance aerodynamic function and flight efficiency. Science 325:1549–1552

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prud’homme R (2012) Flows and Chemical Reactions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Fred A, Dietz JLG, Aveiro D, et al (2015) Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management: 6th International Joint Conference, IC3K 2014, Rome, Italy, October 21-24, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bouleau N (2008) Dirichlet Forms Methods: An Application to the Propagation of the Error Due to the Euler Scheme. In: Dalang RC, Russo F, Dozzi M (eds) Seminar on Stochastic Analysis, Random Fields and Applications V: Centro Stefano Franscini, Ascona, May 2005. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp 57–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for La radiologia medica.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Bonobo Tool Use Resembles that of Our Early Stone Age Ancestors. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Public Transportation: Preliminary Analysis of Changes to and Trends in FTA’s New Starts and Small Starts Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dale B (2012) Changing how we change: A case study of Escondido Union School District. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J (2017) A Flightless Bird Grounded by DNA. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLa radiologia medica
AbbreviationRadiol. Med.
ISSN (print)0033-8362
ISSN (online)1826-6983
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles