How to format your references using the La radiologia medica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for La radiologia medica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Flasar FM (2006) Planetary science. Titan’s polar weather. Science 313:1582–1583
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Müller UK, Lentink D (2004) Physiology. Turning on a dime. Science 306:1899–1900
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Westfall PJ, Ballon DR, Thorner J (2004) When the stress of your environment makes you go HOG wild. Science 306:1511–1512
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Nishinaga O, Kikuchi T, Natsui S, Suzuki RO (2013) Rapid fabrication of self-ordered porous alumina with 10-/sub-10-nm-scale nanostructures by selenic acid anodizing. Sci Rep 3:2748

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Fayngold M (2005) Special Relativity and Motions Faster than Light. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
1.
Erdmann VA, Barciszewski J (2010) RNA Technologies and Their Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Xue S-W, Tang Y-Y, Zhang L-H (2014) Network Organization of Information Process in Young Adults’ Brain. In: Sun F, Hu D, Liu H (eds) Foundations and Practical Applications of Cognitive Systems and Information Processing: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Cognitive Systems and Information Processing, Beijing, China, Dec 2012 (CSIP2012). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 35–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for La radiologia medica.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2015) Early East Asians Mixed With Neanderthals More Than Once. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2012) Highway Trust Fund: Pilot Program Could Help Determine the Viability of Mileage Fees for Certain Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Stefanek A (2019) Quantitative Purchasing Structure for Ferrous Scrap. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Poniewozik J, Hale M, Genzlinger N, Lyons M (2016) An Hour, or Less, That Stood Out. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLa radiologia medica
AbbreviationRadiol. Med.
ISSN (print)0033-8362
ISSN (online)1826-6983
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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