How to format your references using the Tectonophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tectonophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schork, N.J., 2015. Personalized medicine: Time for one-person trials. Nature 520, 609–611.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toner, D.L.K., Grima, R., 2013. Effects of bursty protein production on the noisy oscillatory properties of downstream pathways. Sci. Rep. 3, 2438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, K., Yeom, E., Lee, S.J., 2014. Real-time imaging of pulvinus bending in Mimosa pudica. Sci. Rep. 4, 6466.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Witmer, L.M., Chatterjee, S., Franzosa, J., Rowe, T., 2003. Neuroanatomy of flying reptiles and implications for flight, posture and behaviour. Nature 425, 950–953.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ehrlich, E., Fanelli, D., 2012. The Financial Services Marketing Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bomarius, F., Komi-Sirviö, S. (Eds.), 2005. Product Focused Software Process Improvement: 6th International Conference, PROFES 2005, Oulu, Finland, June 13-15, 2005. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Scott, J.R., Effenberger, A.J., Hatch, J.J., 2014. Influence of Atmospheric Pressure and Composition on LIBS, in: Musazzi, S., Perini, U. (Eds.), Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: Theory and Applications, Springer Series in Optical Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 91–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tectonophysics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Computing, Uncertainty … Quantum Leaps and Bounds of 2014 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Department of Education Could Improve Its Monitoring and Assistance (No. GAO-04-961). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burke, D.M., 2014. Enhancing the patient safety culture of ABSN students through instruction on medical error recovery (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2009. The Court Changes the Game. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schork, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Schork, 2015; Toner and Grima, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Toner and Grima, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Witmer et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTectonophysics
ISSN (print)0040-1951
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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