How to format your references using the Tectonophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tectonophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, V., 2015. Tissue engineering: Organs from the lab. Nature 522, 373–377.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mattick, J.S., Gagen, M.J., 2005. Mathematics/computation. Accelerating networks. Science 307, 856–858.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oxborrow, M., Breeze, J.D., Alford, N.M., 2012. Room-temperature solid-state maser. Nature 488, 353–356.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Conboy, I.M., Conboy, M.J., Smythe, G.M., Rando, T.A., 2003. Notch-mediated restoration of regenerative potential to aged muscle. Science 302, 1575–1577.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Preber, B.J., 2014. Financial Expert Witness Communication. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Braza, M., Hourigan, K. (Eds.), 2009. IUTAM Symposium on Unsteady Separated Flows and their Control: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium “Unsteady Separated Flows and their Control“, Corfu, Greece, 18–22 June 2007, IUTAM Bookseries. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Woolley, S.M.N., 2013. The Songbird Auditory System, in: Helekar, S.A. (Ed.), Animal Models of Speech and Language Disorders. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 61–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tectonophysics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. The Most Important Thing You’re Not Discussing With Your Doctor [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Questions Remain on the Costs, Uses, and Risks of the Redesigned Space Station (No. T-NSIAD-91-26). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belcher, J.T., 2009. Optimism, psychological well-being, and quality of life in females with Fibromyalgia Syndrome (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S., 2016. The Art Speaks, and the Poetry Paints a Picture. New York Times CT10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marx, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Marx, 2015; Mattick and Gagen, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mattick and Gagen, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Conboy et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTectonophysics
ISSN (print)0040-1951
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

Other styles