How to format your references using the Tectonophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tectonophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewis, R., 2007. The hard cell. Nature 447, 748–749.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guimerà, R., Nunes Amaral, L.A., 2005. Functional cartography of complex metabolic networks. Nature 433, 895–900.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamamoto-Kawai, M., Carmack, E., McLaughlin, F., 2006. Nitrogen balance and Arctic throughflow. Nature 443, 43.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Carter, S.G., Birkedal, V., Wang, C.S., Coldren, L.A., Maslov, A.V., Citrin, D.S., Sherwin, M.S., 2005. Quantum coherence in an optical modulator. Science 310, 651–653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anisman, H., 2015. Stress and Your Health. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Chhem, R.K., Hibbert, K.M., Deven, T.V. (Eds.), 2009. Radiology Education: The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Heaslip, G., Haavisto, I., Kovács, G., 2016. Cash as a Form of Relief, in: Zobel, C.W., Altay, N., Haselkorn, M.P. (Eds.), Advances in Managing Humanitarian Operations, International Series in Operations Research & Management Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 59–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tectonophysics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Barriers, Canals And Fake Islands: How We Can Save Cities From Rising Sea Levels [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. DOD Dependents Schools: Enrollment Categories, Numbers, and Locations (No. HEHS-95-149). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams, S., 2013. A study of childhood eating habits in the United States and their association with race and gender (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Bruce Arrived in Camp Expecting to Stay With Team. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewis, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Guimerà and Nunes Amaral, 2005; Lewis, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Guimerà and Nunes Amaral, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Carter et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleTectonophysics
ISSN (print)0040-1951
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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