How to format your references using the Tectonophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tectonophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D., 2004. Nuts and bolts: career journals. Nature 427, 180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mjolsness, E., DeCoste, D., 2001. Machine learning for science: state of the art and future prospects. Science 293, 2051–2055.
A journal article with 3 authors
Makovicky, P.J., Apesteguía, S., Agnolín, F.L., 2005. The earliest dromaeosaurid theropod from South America. Nature 437, 1007–1011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gedik, N., Orenstein, J., Liang, R., Bonn, D.A., Hardy, W.N., 2003. Diffusion of nonequilibrium quasi-particles in a cuprate superconductor. Science 300, 1410–1412.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Furmston, M., 2012. Powell-Smith and Furmston’s Building Contract Casebook. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Jalongo, M.R., 2016. Making Effective Presentations at Professional Conferences: A Guide for Teachers, Graduate Students and Professors, 1st ed. 2015. ed, SpringerBriefs in Education. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Filliâtre, J.-C., Kalyanasundaram, K., 2012. Functory: A Distributed Computing Library for Objective Caml, in: Peña, R., Page, R. (Eds.), Trends in Functional Programming: 12th International Symposium, TFP 2011, Madrid, Spain, May 16-18, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 65–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tectonophysics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. What Happens When You Saw A Rubber Band Ball in Half? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. GAO Lead Division Plan for Automatic Data Processing (No. 100074). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
CampBell, P.K., 2012. Lenses of indigenous feminism: Digging up the roots of Western patriarchy in “Perma Red” and “Monkey Beach” (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A., 2016. Educator Recounts ‘Painful Experience’ of Halloween Email Furor at Yale. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Koen, 2004; Mjolsness and DeCoste, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mjolsness and DeCoste, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Gedik et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTectonophysics
ISSN (print)0040-1951
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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