How to format your references using the Tectonophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tectonophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sutherland, W.J., 2013. Review by quality not quantity for better policy. Nature 503, 167.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, B.H., Kwon, J.W., 2014. Plasmon-assisted radiolytic energy conversion in aqueous solutions. Sci. Rep. 4, 5249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rhew, R.C., Miller, B.R., Weiss, R.F., 2000. Natural methyl bromide and methyl chloride emissions from coastal salt marshes. Nature 403, 292–295.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kato, H., Okazaki, K., Iida, T., Nakayama, J.-I., Murakami, Y., Urano, T., 2013. Spt6 prevents transcription-coupled loss of posttranslationally modified histone H3. Sci. Rep. 3, 2186.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lewin, M.D., 2007. Better Software Project Management: A Primer for Success. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Degiorgio, V., 2012. Note di fotonica, UNITEXT — Collana di Fisica e Astronomia. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhuang, C., Feng, S., 2012. Reuse the Deleted Labels for Vector Order-Based Dynamic XML Labeling Schemes, in: Liddle, S.W., Schewe, K.-D., Tjoa, A.M., Zhou, X. (Eds.), Database and Expert Systems Applications: 23rd International Conference, DEXA 2012, Vienna, Austria, September 3-6, 2012. Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tectonophysics.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Incoming Secretary Of Energy Rick Perry Has No Idea What The Job Actually Is [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. [Response to Request for Comments on Federal Contribution to Corporation for Public Broadcasting] (No. B-221498.46). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, B.R., 2009. A correlational study: Parental involvement to student achievement in public education (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., Apuzzo, M., 2015. Some Who Are Part of Problem in Ferguson Are Asked to Be Part of Solution. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Herrmann, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kittinger, 2014; Møller, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim and Kwon, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Qiu et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleTectonophysics
ISSN (print)0040-1951
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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