How to format your references using the Atoms citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atoms. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Agrawal, A.A. Phenotypic plasticity in the interactions and evolution of species. Science 2001, 294, 321–326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wordsworth, R.; Pierrehumbert, R. Hydrogen-nitrogen greenhouse warming in Earth’s early atmosphere. Science 2013, 339, 64–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mei, L.; Chen, Y.; Ma, J. Gas sensing of SnO2 nanocrystals revisited: developing ultra-sensitive sensors for detecting the H2S leakage of biogas. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6028.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yang, P.; Du, C.W.; Kwan, M.; Liang, S.X.; Zhang, G.J. The impact of p53 in predicting clinical outcome of breast cancer patients with visceral metastasis. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2246.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berthold, H.J.; Binnewies, M. Chemisches Grundpraktikum; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG, 2005; ISBN 9783527602957.
An edited book
A Systems Theoretic Approach to Systems and Synthetic Biology II: Analysis and Design of Cellular Systems; Kulkarni, V.V., Stan, G.-B., Raman, K., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014; ISBN 9789401790468.
A chapter in an edited book
Kotani, J.-I. Angioscopy Catheter Equipped with a Balloon for Blood Flow Attenuation. In Coronary Angioscopy; Mizuno, K., Takano, M., Eds.; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2015; pp. 49–56 ISBN 9784431555452.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atoms.

Blog post
Andrew, E. When Your Body Becomes Your Password, The End Of The Login Is Nigh Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Railroad Regulation: Shipper Experiences and Current Issues in ICC Regulation of Rail Rates; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1987;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cardillo-Geller, L. Renegotiating relationships, patterns of grief and experiences of support: An examination of mothers’ relationships with their daughters following daughters’ loss of a husband in the September 11 th, 2001 World Trade Center attacks. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University: New York, NY, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Friel, B. Where Will the G.O.P. Go Digging? New York Times 2010, WK9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAtoms
ISSN (online)2218-2004

Other styles