How to format your references using the Atoms citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atoms. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mather, J.C. Politics and prophecy. Nature 2010, 467, S9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kappe, S.H.I.; Mikolajczak, S.A. Immunology. Another shot at a malaria vaccine. Science 2011, 334, 460–461.
A journal article with 3 authors
Akhtar, A.; Zink, D.; Becker, P.B. Chromodomains are protein-RNA interaction modules. Nature 2000, 407, 405–409.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dai, Y.; Wang, H.; Yang, T.; Ren, W.; Zhang, Z. Flower-like dynamics of coupled Skyrmions with dual resonant modes by a single-frequency microwave magnetic field. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6153.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, G.F. Gravity-Driven Water Flow in Networks; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010; ISBN 9780470939659.
An edited book
Emmons, H. Flow Shop Scheduling: Theoretical Results, Algorithms, and Applications; Vairaktarakis, G., Ed.; International Series in Operations Research & Management Science; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2013; Vol. 182; ISBN 9781461451518.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheng, J.; Berg, E. Pediatric Airway. In ENT Board Prep: High Yield Review for the Otolaryngology In-service and Board Exams; Lin, F., Patel, Z., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2014; pp. 19–23 ISBN 9781461483533.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atoms.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Here’s What Your House Dust Reveals About You Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Federal Aviation Administration’s Acquisition of the Advanced Automation System; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1987;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherman, C.P. The effect of head and heart on municipal employee retention. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. New Group Chooses Its First Battle, Asthma. New York Times 2008, LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAtoms
ISSN (online)2218-2004

Other styles