How to format your references using the Tanta Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tanta Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bignami GF. Astronomy. Two missions, one microquasar. Science 2009;326:1490–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Striedter GF, Srinivasan S. BRAIN EVOLUTION. Knowing when to fold them. Science 2015;349:31–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dinner AR, Blackburn GM, Karplus M. Uracil-DNA glycosylase acts by substrate autocatalysis. Nature 2001;413:752–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhu J, Zhang J, Xu H, Vogel SC, Jin C, Frantti J, et al. Pressure-induced reversal between thermal contraction and expansion in ferroelectric PbTiO3. Sci Rep 2014;4:3700.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maudlin T. Quantum Non-Locality and Relativity. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Clelland JD, editor. Genomics, Proteomics, and the Nervous System. vol. 2. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Sabater JM, Aracil R, Saltaren RJ, Payá L. A Novel Parallel Haptic Interface for Telerobotic Systems. In: Ferre M, Buss M, Aracil R, Melchiorri C, Balaguer C, editors. Advances in Telerobotics, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007, p. 45–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tanta Dental Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. This Is What Earth’s Next Supercontinent Might Look Like. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Financial Management: Actions Needed to Ensure Effective Implementation of NASA’s Accounting System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tasoff AJ. Quantifying the Genetic Capacity of California Grunion (Leuresthes tenuis) to Adapt to Ocean Acidification. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. Making All the World Their Stage. New York Times 2015:WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTanta Dental Journal
AbbreviationTanta Dent. J.
ISSN (print)1687-8574

Other styles