How to format your references using the Tanta Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tanta Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ramchandani P. A question of balance. Nature 2004;430:401–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Schofield RMS, Nesson MH. Comment on “High abrasion resistance with sparse mineralization: copper biomineral in worm jaws.” Science 2003;301:1049; author reply 1049.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Schoener TW, Losos JB, Spiller DA. Island biogeography of populations: an introduced species transforms survival patterns. Science 2005;310:1807–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Lee HC, Kim SJ, Kim KS, Shin HC, Yoon JW. Remission in models of type 1 diabetes by gene therapy using a single-chain insulin analogue. Nature 2000;408:483–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Placzek D, Bielecki R, Messing M, Schwarzer F Tunnel. Zielgenau bis ans Ende des Tunnels. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Chowdhury TA, editor. Diabetes Management in Clinical Practice. London: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Oishi Y. Mechanisms of Plant Pollutant Uptake as Related to Effective Biomonitoring. In: Kulshrestha U, Saxena P, editors. Plant Responses to Air Pollution, Singapore: Springer; 2016, p. 33–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tanta Dental Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Domestic Cat Genome Sequenced. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Teacher Preparation: Multiple Federal Education Offices Support Teacher Preparation for Instructing Students with Disabilities and English Language Learners, but Systematic Departmentwide Coordination Could Enhance This Assistance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Shelby KR. Systems Engineering Knowledge Asset (SEKA) Management for Higher Performing Engineering Teams: People, Process and Technology toward Effective Knowledge-Workers. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Mueller B. Police Mourn Slain Officer, as Do the Bronx Residents She Served. New York Times 2017:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTanta Dental Journal
AbbreviationTanta Dent. J.
ISSN (print)1687-8574
Scope

Other styles