How to format your references using the Tanta Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tanta Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
McDonald F. Watching the players at the climate poker table. Nature 2011;480:293.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Margoliash D, Hale ME. Neuroscience. Vertebrate vocalizations. Science 2008;321:347–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Collins FS, Gray GM, Bucher JR. Toxicology. Transforming environmental health protection. Science 2008;319:906–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Park I-K, Qian D, Kiel M, Becker MW, Pihalja M, Weissman IL, et al. Bmi-1 is required for maintenance of adult self-renewing haematopoietic stem cells. Nature 2003;423:302–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Rodda HJE, Little MA. Understanding Mathematical and Statistical Techniques in Hydrology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Oza NC, Polikar R, Kittler J, Roli F, editors. Multiple Classifier Systems: 6th International Workshop, MCS 2005, Seaside, CA, USA, June 13-15, 2005. Proceedings. vol. 3541. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Cominetti R, Facchinei F, Lasserre JB. Chapter 5 Parametric Polynomial Optimization. In: Facchinei F, Lasserre JB, editors. Modern Optimization Modelling Techniques, Basel: Springer; 2012, p. 93–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tanta Dental Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. A Supernova 50 Light-Years Away Could Start A Mass Extinction. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/a-supernova-50-lightyears-away-could-start-a-mass-extinction/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. K-12 Education: Better Use of Information Could Help Agencies Identify Disparities and Address Racial Discrimination. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Coffman MW. A National Study of the Relationship between Home Access to a Computer and Academic Performance Scores of Grade 12 U.S. Science Students: An Analysis of the 2009 NAEP Data. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Pilon M, Belson K, Borden S. Fourth. New York Times 2014:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTanta Dental Journal
AbbreviationTanta Dent. J.
ISSN (print)1687-8574
Scope

Other styles