How to format your references using the Tanta Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tanta Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Fenchel T. Microbial behavior in a heterogeneous world. Science 2002;296:1068–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Žutić I, Lee J. Applied physics. Spin twists in a transistor. Science 2012;337:307–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Zaks B, Liu RB, Sherwin MS. Experimental observation of electron-hole recollisions. Nature 2012;483:580–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Armulik A, Genové G, Mäe M, Nisancioglu MH, Wallgard E, Niaudet C, et al. Pericytes regulate the blood-brain barrier. Nature 2010;468:557–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ciana P. New Frontiers in Technical Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Bartolini N, Nikoletseas S, Sinha P, Cardellini V, Mahanti A, editors. Quality of Service in Heterogeneous Networks: 6th International ICST Conference on Heterogeneous Networking for Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness, QShine 2009 and 3rd International Workshop on Advanced Architectures and Algorithms for Internet Delivery and Applications, AAA-IDEA 2009, Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, November 23-25, 2009 Proceedings. vol. 22. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Krause O, Lehnhoff S. Load Flow with Uncertain Loading and Generation in Future Smart Grids. In: Gopalakrishnan K, Khaitan SK, Kalogirou S, editors. Soft Computing in Green and Renewable Energy Systems, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 117–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tanta Dental Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Study Suggests Free Will Is An Illusion. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. James Webb Space Telescope: Project on Track but May Benefit from Improved Contractor Data to Better Understand Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Wang T. Talking to Strangers: Chinese Youth and Social Media. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Dominus S. Singing Together Again. New York Times 2016:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTanta Dental Journal
AbbreviationTanta Dent. J.
ISSN (print)1687-8574
Scope

Other styles