How to format your references using the Journal of Neuro-Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuro-Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sherman W (2009) Materials science. Building a better nano-biped. Science 324:46–47
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Labinger JA, Bercaw JE (2002) Understanding and exploiting C-H bond activation. Nature 417:507–514
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kormendy J, Bender R, Cornell ME (2011) Supermassive black holes do not correlate with galaxy disks or pseudobulges. Nature 469:374–376
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Mitzi DB, Kosbar LL, Murray CE, et al (2004) High-mobility ultrathin semiconducting films prepared by spin coating. Nature 428:299–303

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kromidas S (2014) Der HPLC-Experte. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Bandyopadhyay SK, Adi W, Kim T-H, Xiao Y (2010) Information Security and Assurance: 4th International Conference, ISA 2010, Miyazaki, Japan, June 23-25, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Garima Yadav, Saurabh Maheshwari, Anjali Agarwal (2016) Multi-domain Image Enhancement of Foggy Images Using Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization Method. In: Afzalpulkar N, Srivastava V, Singh G, Bhatnagar D (eds) Proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Cognizance in Wireless Communication & Image Processing: ICRCWIP-2014. Springer India, New Delhi, pp 31–38

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuro-Oncology.

Blog post
1.
Taub B (2016) NASA Will Soon Let Private Companies Attach Modules To The ISS. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasa-soon-let-private-companies-attach-modules-iss/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2013) Public Transit: Survey of Public Transit Agency Officials on Contracting Out Public Transit Operations and Other Services (GAO-13-824SP, September 2013), an E-supplement to GAO-13-782. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hobbs E (2017) Rehearing Florence Price: A Closer Look at Her Symphony in E Minor. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Billard M (2010) Wrist Management. New York Times E6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuro-Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Neurooncol.
ISSN (print)0167-594X
ISSN (online)1573-7373
ScopeCancer Research
Clinical Neurology
Oncology
Neurology

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