How to format your references using the Journal of Neuro-Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuro-Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler A (2006) 2007 U.S. budget. NASA budget soars as shuttle lands. Science 313:280
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolf F, Kirchhoff F (2008) Neuroscience. Imaging astrocyte activity. Science 320:1597–1599
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen SB, Stephenson R, Thomsen E (2007) Dynamics of Mid-Palaeocene North Atlantic rifting linked with European intra-plate deformations. Nature 450:1071–1074
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Marko PB, Lee SC, Rice AM, et al (2004) Fisheries: mislabelling of a depleted reef fish. Nature 430:309–310

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nyce DS (2016) Position Sensors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ramsay JO (2005) Functional Data Analysis, Second Edition. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Tang WH, Wu QH (2011) Thermal Model Parameter Identification and Verification Using Genetic Algorithm. In: Wu QH (ed) Condition Monitoring and Assessment of Power Transformers Using Computational Intelligence. Springer, London, pp 73–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuro-Oncology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) New Superbug-Killing Antibiotic Found Hiding Inside Our Own Noses. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) TSA Acquisitions: Opportunities Exist to Enhance Efficiency of Screening Technology Test and Evaluation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horaist DW (2015) Estimating Seed Bank Responses to Changing Environmental Conditions in the Louisiana Coastal Zone. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2016) Revisiting a Conductor’s Early Triumph, With Touches of Mystery and Elegance. New York Times C5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuro-Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Neurooncol.
ISSN (print)0167-594X
ISSN (online)1573-7373
ScopeCancer Research
Clinical Neurology

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