How to format your references using the Frontiers in Non-Coding RNA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Non-Coding RNA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. (2001). All systems go for neuroscience. Nature 414, 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boolchand, P., and Bresser, W. J. (2001). Mobile silver ions and glass formation in solid electrolytes. Nature 410, 1070–1073.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mochizuki, K., Matsumoto, M., and Ohmine, I. (2013). Defect pair separation as the controlling step in homogeneous ice melting. Nature 498, 350–354.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Eigenbrode, J. L., Summons, R. E., Steele, A., Freissinet, C., Millan, M., Navarro-González, R., et al. (2018). Organic matter preserved in 3-billion-year-old mudstones at Gale crater, Mars. Science 360, 1096–1101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stevenson, O. (2008). Neglected Children and Their Families. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Gohberg, I. (2009). Holomorphic Operator Functions of One Variable and Applications: Methods from Complex Analysis in Several Variables. , ed. J. Leiterer Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Baartse, M., and Meer, K. (2015). “An Algebraic Proof of the Real Number PCP Theorem,” in Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science 2015: 40th International Symposium, MFCS 2015, Milan, Italy, August 24-28, 2015, Proceedings, Part II Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. G. F. Italiano, G. Pighizzini, and D. T. Sannella (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 50–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Non-Coding RNA.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Samsung Unveils “See-Through” Safety Trucks. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981). Unanswered Questions on Educating Handicapped Children in Local Public Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker, M. C. (2010). A descriptive study of the view from the top: Perspectives of experts in continuing medical education.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B., and Chapman, M. M. (2015). New Math for Detroit. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Boolchand and Bresser, 2001; Gershon, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boolchand and Bresser, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Eigenbrode et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Non-Coding RNA
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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