How to format your references using the Frontiers in Non-Coding RNA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Non-Coding RNA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seeman, N. (2015). Use data to challenge mental-health stigma. Nature 528, 309.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gombosi, T. I., and Ingersoll, A. P. (2010). Saturn: atmosphere, ionosphere, and magnetosphere. Science 327, 1476–1479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sidhu, A. B. S., Verdier-Pinard, D., and Fidock, D. A. (2002). Chloroquine resistance in Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites conferred by pfcrt mutations. Science 298, 210–213.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Singer, P. A., Berndtson, K., Tracy, C. S., Cohen, E. R. M., Masum, H., Lavery, J. V., et al. (2007). A tough transition. Nature 449, 160–163.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Buchenau, J. (2011). The Last Caudillo. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Jimenez, J. (2016). Spectroscopic Analysis of Optoelectronic Semiconductors. , ed. J. W. Tomm Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Luaran, J. E., Rom, K. B. M., and Jain, J. (2016). “Attitude on Microteaching: A Study on Third and Fourth Year Science Student Teachers of the Faculty of Education, UiTM,” in 7th International Conference on University Learning and Teaching (InCULT 2014) Proceedings: Educate to Innovate, eds. C. Y. Fook, G. K. Sidhu, S. Narasuman, L. L. Fong, and S. B. Abdul Rahman (Singapore: Springer), 51–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Non-Coding RNA.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Newly Discovered Marsupial Will Literally Have Sex Until It Disintegrates. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Women in STEM Research: Better Data and Information Sharing Could Improve Oversight of Federal Grant-making and Title IX Compliance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schwartz, J. (2009). Essays on unemployment insurance and the business cycle.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010). As Colts Rested, Jets Awoke. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seeman, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gombosi and Ingersoll, 2010; Seeman, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gombosi and Ingersoll, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Singer et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Non-Coding RNA
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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