How to format your references using the Frontiers in Non-Coding RNA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Non-Coding RNA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis, J. (2015). Behind the numbers. Salaries pump up biomedical inflation. Science 349, 225.
A journal article with 2 authors
Donia, M. S., and Fischbach, M. A. (2015). HUMAN MICROBIOTA. Small molecules from the human microbiota. Science 349, 1254766.
A journal article with 3 authors
Campbell, J. E., Lobell, D. B., and Field, C. B. (2009). Greater transportation energy and GHG offsets from bioelectricity than ethanol. Science 324, 1055–1057.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Robinson, L. F., Henderson, G. M., Hall, L., and Matthews, I. (2004). Climatic control of riverine and seawater uranium-isotope ratios. Science 305, 851–854.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, C., and Meeking, D. (2013). How to Succeed at the Medical Interview. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Agapito, L., Bronstein, M. M., and Rother, C. eds. (2015). Computer Vision - ECCV 2014 Workshops: Zurich, Switzerland, September 6-7 and 12, 2014, Proceedings, Part IV. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ma, A. Y. W., Cheung, B. K. W., Kwok, K. C. M., Cai, M., and Lee, P. K. H. (2016). “Recent Advances of Anaerobic Digestion for Energy Recovery,” in Recycling of Solid Waste for Biofuels and Bio-chemicals Environmental Footprints and Eco-design of Products and Processes., eds. O. P. Karthikeyan, K. Heimann, and S. S. Muthu (Singapore: Springer), 87–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Non-Coding RNA.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017). This Massive Floating Robot Looks Awesomely Awkward. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). Air Traffic Control Modernization: Management Challenges Associated with Program Costs and Schedules Could Hinder NextGen Implementation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, C. P. (2010). Range vs. register: An important distinction in choral repertoire for the adolescent male.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M., and Protess, B. (2016). How the Twinkie Made the Superrich Even Richer. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mervis, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Donia and Fischbach, 2015; Mervis, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Donia and Fischbach, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Robinson et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Non-Coding RNA
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

Other styles