How to format your references using the Image and Vision Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Image and Vision Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Balter, Archaeology. Did plaster hold Neolithic society together?, Science. 294 (2001) 2278–2281.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Ravi, S.W.L. Chan, Haploid plants produced by centromere-mediated genome elimination, Nature. 464 (2010) 615–618.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Cho, Y. Wu, J.L. Ackerman, Detection of hydroxyl ions in bone mineral by solid-state NMR spectroscopy, Science. 300 (2003) 1123–1127.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Gehrels, D.J. Macomb, D.L. Bertsch, D.J. Thompson, R.C. Hartman, Discovery of a new population of high-energy gamma-ray sources in the Milky Way, Nature. 404 (2000) 363–365.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Minelli, M. Chambers, A. Dhiraj, Big Data, Big Analytics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
R. Brüggemann, Ranking and Prioritization for Multi-indicator Systems: Introduction to Partial Order Applications, Springer, New York, NY, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Jalan, F.M. Atay, J. Jost, Inferring Global Synchrony from Local Symbolic Dynamics, in: S. Banerjee, L. Rondoni (Eds.), Applications of Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics in Science and Engineering - Vol. 3, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 161–170.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Image and Vision Computing.

Blog post
T. Hale, This Autonomous Robot Performed Surgery On A Live Pig, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Review of Energy Research and Development Administration’s Requirements for Safety Analysis Reports, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. Hobbs, Rehearing Florence Price: A Closer Look at Her Symphony in E Minor, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, Inside Hamlet, New York Times. (2017) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleImage and Vision Computing
AbbreviationImage Vis. Comput.
ISSN (print)0262-8856
ScopeComputer Vision and Pattern Recognition

Other styles