How to format your references using the Image and Vision Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Image and Vision Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Savage, Come into the light, Nature. 483 (2012) S38-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Laver, E. Garman, Virology. The origin and control of pandemic influenza, Science. 293 (2001) 1776–1777.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.E. Pollack, D. Dries, R.G. Hulet, Universality in three- and four-body bound states of ultracold atoms, Science. 326 (2009) 1683–1685.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Venkataraman, G. Habib, A. Eiguren-Fernandez, A.H. Miguel, S.K. Friedlander, Residential biofuels in South Asia: carbonaceous aerosol emissions and climate impacts, Science. 307 (2005) 1454–1456.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.I. Alexandrovna, B.I. Ionin, J.C. Tebby, Alkynes in Cycloadditions, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
I. Chikalov, Three Approaches to Data Analysis: Test Theory, Rough Sets and Logical Analysis of Data, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Pasquinelli, Network Brand and Branding: A Co-opetitive Approach to Local and Regional Development, in: S. Zenker, B.P. Jacobsen (Eds.), Inter-Regional Place Branding: Best Practices, Challenges and Solutions, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 39–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Image and Vision Computing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, New Type Of Stem Cell Discovered, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Consolidation of Computer-Output-Microfilm Facilities in Hawaii, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Ratzlaff, Dynamics of chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) infection in amphibians in the Rincon Mountains and Tucson, Arizona, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Nagourney, J. Berger, Horror at Desert Ritual as Racer Flips Into Crowd, New York Times. (2010) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleImage and Vision Computing
AbbreviationImage Vis. Comput.
ISSN (print)0262-8856
ScopeComputer Vision and Pattern Recognition

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