How to format your references using the Image and Vision Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Image and Vision Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Walker, The fun of science, Science. 344 (2014) 1314.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.L. Lieberman, A.C. Rosenzweig, Crystal structure of a membrane-bound metalloenzyme that catalyses the biological oxidation of methane, Nature. 434 (2005) 177–182.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Joachim, J.K. Gimzewski, A. Aviram, Electronics using hybrid-molecular and mono-molecular devices, Nature. 408 (2000) 541–548.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P.R. Heck, B. Schmitz, H. Baur, A.N. Halliday, R. Wieler, Fast delivery of meteorites to Earth after a major asteroid collision, Nature. 430 (2004) 323–325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Marlet, Program Specialization, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA, 2012.
An edited book
B. Engquist, ed., Encyclopedia of Applied and Computational Mathematics, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Duffau, Lessons from Brain Mapping in Surgery for Low-Grade Gliomas: Study of Cerebral Connectivity and Plasticity, in: G.-Z. Yang, T. Jiang, D. Shen, L. Gu, J. Yang (Eds.), Medical Imaging and Augmented Reality: Third International Workshop, Shanghai, China, August 17-18, 2006 Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 25–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Image and Vision Computing.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, New Sunken Treasure Discovered In The Ancient Antikythera Shipwreck, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, [Query Concerning Legality of Transfer of Japan-United States Friendship Commission Funds], U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.T. Webb, “The mirroring that binds into freedom”: Stevens, Jeffers, Heidegger and the inhuman, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Loomis, Three Operas by Rossini Make Italian Festival Well Worth the Trip, New York Times. (2012) 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleImage and Vision Computing
AbbreviationImage Vis. Comput.
ISSN (print)0262-8856
ScopeComputer Vision and Pattern Recognition

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