How to format your references using the Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Fisher CB. Public health. Clinical trials results databases: unanswered questions. Science. 2006;311(5758):180-181.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hetz SK, Bradley TJ. Insects breathe discontinuously to avoid oxygen toxicity. Nature. 2005;433(7025):516-519.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pichersky E, Noel JP, Dudareva N. Biosynthesis of plant volatiles: nature’s diversity and ingenuity. Science. 2006;311(5762):808-811.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
McDaniel L, Houchin LA, Williamson SJ, Paul JH. Lysogeny in marine Synechococcus. Nature. 2002;415(6871):496.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kumar V. Mobile Database Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Zhang J, ed. Immune Regulation and Immunotherapy in Autoimmune Disease. Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cremaschi M, Zerboni A. Human Communities in a Drying Landscape: Holocene Climate Change and Cultural Response in the Central Sahara. In: Martini IP, Chesworth W, eds. Landscapes and Societies: Selected Cases. Springer Netherlands; 2011:67-89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Genetic Discovery Boosts Theory That Depression Has Its Roots In Biology. IFLScience. Published August 2, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/genetic-discovery-boosts-theory-depression-roots-biology/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Early Childhood Programs: Many Poor Children and Strained Resources Challenge Head Start. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Adams AA. A study of the attitudes and opinions of southwest Missouri educators regarding the value and outcome of the performance based teacher evaluation process. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B. Soundtracks Dominate the Billboard Top 10. New York Times. January 9, 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTaiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationTaiwan J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)2211-5056
ScopeOphthalmology

Other styles