How to format your references using the Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. And sets up a body to oversee trials. Nature. 2000;405(6787):607.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Yang X, Su H. Cuprate-like electronic properties in superlattices with Ag(II)F₂ square sheet. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5420.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
King MC, Lusk CP, Blobel G. Karyopherin-mediated import of integral inner nuclear membrane proteins. Nature. 2006;442(7106):1003-1007.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Jansen CA, de Geus ED, van Haarlem DA, et al. Differential lung NK cell responses in avian influenza virus infected chickens correlate with pathogenicity. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Glisic S. Advanced Wireless Communications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Jain LC, Lim CP, eds. Handbook on Decision Making: Vol 1: Techniques and Applications. Vol 4. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Muñoz A, Serrano D, Maña A. Secure Profiles as a Cornerstone in Emerging Ambient Intelligence Scenarios. In: Rudolph C, ed. Developing Ambient Intelligence: Proceedings of the International Conference on Ambient Intelligence Developments (AmI.d’07). Paris: Springer; 2008:34-46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Heatwaves Are Destroying Kelp Forests As Well As Coral Reefs. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/heatwaves-are-destroying-kelp-forests-as-well-as-coral-reefs/. Published July 7, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Spectrum Management: FCC’s Use and Enforcement of Buildout Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
HaMai T. The “other” women: What about the experiences of women faculty of color in community colleges? 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Johnson G. In Chernobyl, Life Finds a Way. New York Times. November 24, 2015:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTaiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationTaiwan J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)2211-5056
ScopeOphthalmology

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