How to format your references using the Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Humphries C. Latency: A sleeping giant. Nature. 2013;502(7470):S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Galant R, Carroll SB. Evolution of a transcriptional repression domain in an insect Hox protein. Nature. 2002;415(6874):910-913.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Dvorak M, Oswald W, Wu Z. Bandgap opening by patterning graphene. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2289.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Schaefer M, Baker DJ, Gibbons JH, et al. Science and government. An Earth systems science agency. Science. 2008;321(5885):44-45.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Grinshpan L. Solving Enterprise Applications Performance Puzzles. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Tsubaki H, Yamada S, Nishina K, eds. The Grammar of Technology Development. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Luna-Elizarrarás ME, Shapiro M, Struppa DC, Vajiac A. Lines and curves in $$ \mathbb{BC} $$. In: Shapiro M, Struppa DC, Vajiac A, eds. Bicomplex Holomorphic Functions: The Algebra, Geometry and Analysis of Bicomplex Numbers. Frontiers in Mathematics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:73-105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. What Caused Those Spectacular Northern Lights – And How You Can Catch Them Next Time. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/what-caused-those-spectacular-northern-lights-and-how-you-can-catch-them-next-time/. Published March 20, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Implementation of P.L. 94-142 as It Relates to Handicapped Delinquents in the District of Columbia. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hawkins AJ. Measurement of the spacial distribution of heat exchange in a geothermal analog bedrock site using fiber-otic distributed temperature sensing. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Chira S. What Women Lost. New York Times. December 30, 2016:SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTaiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationTaiwan J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)2211-5056
ScopeOphthalmology

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