How to format your references using the Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smith C. Microscopy: Two microscopes are better than one. Nature. 2012;492(7428):293-297.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Tam WY, Ma CHE. Bipolar/rod-shaped microglia are proliferating microglia with distinct M1/M2 phenotypes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7279.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Osawa M, Anderson DE, Erickson HP. Reconstitution of contractile FtsZ rings in liposomes. Science. 2008;320(5877):792-794.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Stupack DG, Teitz T, Potter MD, et al. Potentiation of neuroblastoma metastasis by loss of caspase-8. Nature. 2006;439(7072):95-99.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lader EW. Field Guide to the Arrhythmias. John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Solé-Casals J, Zaiats V, eds. Advances in Nonlinear Speech Processing: International Conference on Nonlinear Speech Processing, NOLISP 2009, Vic, Spain, June 25-27. Revised Selected Papers. Vol 5933. Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Holly JL. Prevention Every Time. In: Berkowitz L, McCarthy C, eds. Innovation with Information Technologies in Healthcare. Health Informatics. Springer; 2013:57-70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Breaking News: DRACULA Found On Mars. IFLScience. Published January 2, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/newsflash-shape-mars-probably-not-coffin/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Short Takeoff and Landing Transport Programs: Status and Needs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lindsey MM. Sampling frequency for semi-arid streams and rivers: Implications for national parks in the Sonoran Desert Network. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Justices Will Hear Liability Cases With Federal-State Disparity at Issue. New York Times. January 19, 2008:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTaiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationTaiwan J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)2211-5056
ScopeOphthalmology

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