How to format your references using the Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Budd PM. Chemistry. Putting order into polymer networks. Science. 2007;316(5822):210-211.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Schulz HN, Schulz HD. Large sulfur bacteria and the formation of phosphorite. Science. 2005;307(5708):416-418.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Xie W, Wang H, Wu J. Similar morphological and molecular signatures shared by female and male germline stem cells. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5580.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Vanhollebeke B, De Muylder G, Nielsen MJ, et al. A haptoglobin-hemoglobin receptor conveys innate immunity to Trypanosoma brucei in humans. Science. 2008;320(5876):677-681.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Forsberg K, Mansdorf SZ. Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Infanger G, ed. Stochastic Programming: The State of the Art In Honor of George B. Dantzig. Vol 150. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Buscarini E, Manfredi G. Percutaneous Ultrasound Guided Interventional Procedures in Pancreatic Diseases. In: D’Onofrio M, ed. Ultrasonography of the Pancreas: Imaging and Pathologic Correlations. Springer; 2012:47-53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Pluto’s Moons Are In “Absolute Chaos.” IFLScience. Published June 5, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/moons-chaos/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: DOD Needs to Strengthen Management of Its Statutorily Mandated Software and System Process Improvement Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dair C. Development of a nutrition-related curriculum for sustainable food waste management for foodservice operations. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kanter J, Eddy M. E.U. Official Apologizes For Comments On Chinese. New York Times. November 3, 2016:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTaiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationTaiwan J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)2211-5056
ScopeOphthalmology

Other styles