How to format your references using the Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Macarthur D. Methods: Face up to false positives. Nature. 2012;487:427–428.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ceballos G, Ehrlich PR. Mammal population losses and the extinction crisis. Science. 2002;296:904–907.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Khan SUM, Al-Shahry M, Ingler WB Jr. Efficient photochemical water splitting by a chemically modified n-TiO2. Science. 2002;297:2243–2245.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Blanchon P, Eisenhauer A, Fietzke J, et al. Rapid sea-level rise and reef back-stepping at the close of the last interglacial highstand. Nature. 2009;458:881–884.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Gu X, Jiang N, Ji K, et al. Self-healing Control Technology for Distribution Networks. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Spaccapietra S, editor. Journal on Data Semantics X. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Takahashi T, Suzuki T. Role of Glycans in Viral Infection. In: Suzuki T, Ohtsubo K, Taniguchi N, editors. Sugar Chains: Decoding the Functions of Glycans. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015. p. 71–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. Can You Guess What Object Is In These Microscopic Images? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/can-you-guess-what-object-these-microscopic-images/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Cost-Benefit Analysis Used in Support of the Space Shuttle Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972. Report No.: B-173677. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Christiansen LM. The impact of high quality professional development on student achievement in the state of Missouri [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Haberman M, Pear R. Trump Jumps In, Trying to Propel Health Care Bill. New York Times. 2017 Mar 9;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComplex Variables and Elliptic Equations
AbbreviationComplex Var. Elliptic Equ.
ISSN (print)1747-6933
ISSN (online)1747-6941
ScopeAnalysis
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Numerical Analysis

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