How to format your references using the Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Donath J. Computer science. Virtually trustworthy. Science. 2007;317:53–54.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bianco P, Robey PG. Stem cells in tissue engineering. Nature. 2001;414:118–121.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lacks DJ, Van Orman JA, Lesher CE. Isotope fractionation in silicate melts. Nature. 2012;482:E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Foulds PG, Diggle P, Mitchell JD, et al. A longitudinal study on α-synuclein in blood plasma as a biomarker for Parkinson’s disease. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2540.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Olofsson P. Probabilities. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Saeidnia S. Satureja: Ethnomedicine, Phytochemical Diversity and Pharmacological Activities. Gohari AR, Manayi A, Kourepaz-Mahmoodabadi M, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Iltanen S. Cellular Automata in Urban Spatial Modelling. In: Heppenstall AJ, Crooks AT, See LM, et al., editors. Agent-Based Models of Geographical Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 69–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Huge Waves Spotted In The Arctic Ocean [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/huge-waves-spotted-arctic-ocean/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Visibility and Leadership: The Changing Federal Role in Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992. Report No.: 147976. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Witowski LL. The relationship between instructional delivery methods and student learning preferences: What contributes to student satisfaction in an online learning environment? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Grynbaum MM. Washington Reality Show Stripped of Its Protagonist. New York Times. 2017 Jul 21;A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComplex Variables and Elliptic Equations
AbbreviationComplex Var. Elliptic Equ.
ISSN (print)1747-6933
ISSN (online)1747-6941
ScopeAnalysis
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Numerical Analysis

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