How to format your references using the Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Houghton J. Meetings that changed the world: Madrid 1995: Diagnosing climate change. Nature. 2008;455:737–738.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Stone R, Jasny B. Communication in science pressures and predators. Scientific discourse: buckling at the seams. Introduction. Science. 2013;342:56–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Perrachione TK, Del Tufo SN, Gabrieli JDE. Human voice recognition depends on language ability. Science. 2011;333:595.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Takeuchi S, Ruhman S, Tsuneda T, et al. Spectroscopic tracking of structural evolution in ultrafast stilbene photoisomerization. Science. 2008;322:1073–1077.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hoffmann W. The Economic Competitiveness of Renewable Energy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Agapito L, Bronstein MM, Rother C, editors. Computer Vision - ECCV 2014 Workshops: Zurich, Switzerland, September 6-7 and 12, 2014, Proceedings, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kane LP, Delgoffe GM. Reversing T Cell Dysfunction for Tumor Immunotherapy. In: Rennert PD, editor. Novel Immunotherapeutic Approaches to the Treatment of Cancer: Drug Development and Clinical Application. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 109–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Demand For Agricultural Goods Drives Shocking Rates Of Illegal Deforestation. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Purchase and Preparation of Television Commercials by the Government. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977. Report No.: LCD-77-415. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Schey KA. A paradigm for historical and biographical research in support of living history programming at Rancho Los Cerritos Historic Site [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Sisario B. The Killers’ 5th Album Tops Billboard Chart. New York Times. 2017 Oct 3;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComplex Variables and Elliptic Equations
AbbreviationComplex Var. Elliptic Equ.
ISSN (print)1747-6933
ISSN (online)1747-6941
ScopeAnalysis
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Numerical Analysis

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