How to format your references using the Religion in the Roman Empire citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Religion in the Roman Empire (RRE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Raymond, John C. 2004. ‘Astronomy. Imaging the Sun’s Eruptions in Three Dimensions’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 305. 49–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Insel, Thomas R.; Cuthbert, Bruce N. 2015. ‘Medicine. Brain Disorders? Precisely’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 348. 499–500.
A journal article with 3 authors
Soung, Young Hwa; Pruitt, Kevin; Chung, Jun 2014. ‘Epigenetic Silencing of ARRDC3 Expression in Basal-like Breast Cancer Cells’, Scientific Reports 4. 3846.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Civra, Andrea; Cagno, Valeria; Donalisio, Manuela; et al. 2014. ‘Inhibition of Pathogenic Non-Enveloped Viruses by 25-Hydroxycholesterol and 27-Hydroxycholesterol’, Scientific Reports 4. 7487.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Šolín, Pavel 2005. Partial Differential Equations and the Finite Element Method. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Basu, Saugata 2006. Algorithms in Real Algebraic Geometry. ed. Richard Pollack, Marie-Françoise Roy. Algorithms and Computation in Mathematics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Levin, Boris W.; Nosov, Mikhail A. 2016. ‘Role of the Compressibility of Water and of Nonlinear Effects in the Formation of Tsunami Waves’. In Physics of Tsunamis, ed. Mikhail Nosov. Institute of Applied Physics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Religion in the Roman Empire.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan 2016. ‘Asteroid Mining Just Moved A Step Closer To Being A Reality’, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2012. ‘Flexible Funding Continues to Play a Role in Supporting State and Local Transportation Priorities’, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morrison, Gillian Kye 2010. ‘Self-Reported, Interview-Assisted Diet Records Underreport Protein and Energy Intake in Maintenance Hemodialysis (MHD) Patients’, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James 2016. ‘Forget the Waist; It’s More About the Wrist’, .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleReligion in the Roman Empire
ISSN (print)2199-4463
ISSN (online)2199-4471

Other styles