How to format your references using the Religion in the Roman Empire citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Religion in the Roman Empire (RRE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heinrich, Christoph A. 2006. ‘Geochemistry. How Fast Does Gold Trickle out of Volcanoes?’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 314. 263–264.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheinin, Maxim Y.; Wang, Michelle D. 2012. ‘Biochemistry. A DNA Twist Diffuses and Hops’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 338. 56–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, Jie; Shen, Li; Zheng, Di 2014. ‘Association between Vitamin C Intake and Lung Cancer: A Dose-Response Meta-Analysis’, Scientific Reports 4. 6161.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Tegus, O.; Brück, E.; Buschow, K. H. J.; de Boer, F. R. 2002. ‘Transition-Metal-Based Magnetic Refrigerants for Room-Temperature Applications’, Nature 415. 150–152.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weisberg, Herbert I. 2014. Willful Ignorance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Giaquinta, Mariano 2012. Mathematical Analysis: Foundations and Advanced Techniques for Functions of Several Variables. ed. Giuseppe Modica. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Manzon, Maria 2014. ‘Comparing Places’. In Comparative Education Research: Approaches and Methods, ed. Mark Bray, Bob Adamson, Mark Mason. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Religion in the Roman Empire.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise 2014. ‘HIV Undetectable In Two Patients Following Cancer Treatment’, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1984. ‘Assessment of Audits of Bilingual Education Grants in Texas by U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Inspector General’, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCahill, Tiffany Patella 2014. ‘Teacher Perceptions of Response to Intervention for English Learners’, Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky 2005. ‘World Briefing | Europe: Russia: More Delay In Final Verdict For Tycoon’, .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleReligion in the Roman Empire
ISSN (print)2199-4463
ISSN (online)2199-4471

Other styles