How to format your references using the Religion in the Roman Empire citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Religion in the Roman Empire (RRE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cosgrove, D. J. 2000. ‘Loosening of Plant Cell Walls by Expansins’, Nature 407. 321–326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou, Zhonghe; Zhang, Fucheng 2004. ‘A Precocial Avian Embryo from the Lower Cretaceous of China’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 306. 653.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCarter, J.; Boge, G.; Darlow, G. 2001. ‘Essays on Science and Society. Safeguarding the World’s Natural Treasures’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 294. 2099–2101.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Palanichamy, Malliya Gounder; Agrawal, Suraksha; Yao, Yong-Gang; et al. 2006. ‘Comment on “Reconstructing the Origin of Andaman Islanders”’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 311. 470; author reply 470.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee 2007. Positive Displacement Pumps. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
White, Robert E.; Cooper, Karyn (eds.) 2011. Principals in Succession: Transfer and Rotation in Educational Administration. Studies in Educational Leadership. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bletzinger, Kai-Uwe 2012. ‘Free Shape Optimal Design of Structures’. In Computational Design Modelling: Proceedings of the Design Modelling Symposium Berlin 2011, ed. Christoph Gengnagel, Axel Kilian, Norbert Palz, Fabian Scheurer. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Religion in the Roman Empire.

Blog post
Hale, Tom 2016. ‘Why Have Rivers In France Turned Vivid Green This Week?’, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2013. ‘Preliminary Results of Work on FAA Facility Conditions and Workplace Safety’, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, Bradley Alan 2012. ‘“Parable-Art” beyond the Auden Generation: An Examination of the Message-Bearing Aspects and Architecture of Two Twenty-First-Century Works for Chorus and Chamber Orchestra’, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George 2013. ‘Double Dose on Opening Day Warms the Soul’, .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleReligion in the Roman Empire
ISSN (print)2199-4463
ISSN (online)2199-4471

Other styles