How to format your references using the Religion in the Roman Empire citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Religion in the Roman Empire (RRE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, Paul 2004. ‘A Dose of Reality’, Nature 432. 655.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pueyo, Salvador; Jovani, Roger 2006. ‘Comment on “A Keystone Mutualism Drives Pattern in a Power Function”’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 313. 1739; author reply 1739.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fialkov, Anastasia; Barkana, Rennan; Visbal, Eli 2014. ‘The Observable Signature of Late Heating of the Universe during Cosmic Reionization’, Nature 506. 197–199.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Litt, M. D.; Simpson, M.; Gaszner, M.; Allis, C. D.; Felsenfeld, G. 2001. ‘Correlation between Histone Lysine Methylation and Developmental Changes at the Chicken Beta-Globin Locus’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 293. 2453–2455.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blicq, Ron S.; Moretto, Lisa A. 2015. Writing Reports to Get Results. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
D’Atri, Alessandro 2008. Interdisciplinary Aspects of Information Systems Studies: The Italian Association for Information Systems. ed. Marco De Marco, Nunzio Casalino. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD.
A chapter in an edited book
Gutierrez, Marte; Wang, Jianfeng 2011. ‘MICROMECHANICAL STUDY OF STRAIN LOCALIZATION AND FAILURE IN THE DIRECT SHEAR TEST OF GRANULAR SOILS’. In Multiscale and Multiphysics Processes in Geomechanics: Resultsof the Workshop on Multiscale and Multiphysics Processes in Geomechanics, Stanford, June 23–25, 2010, ed. Ronaldo I. Borja. Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Religion in the Roman Empire.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo 2016. ‘An Electric Wind Has Stripped Venus Of Its Oceans’, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2007. ‘Railroad Bridges and Tunnels: Federal Role in Providing Safety Oversight and Freight Infrastructure Investment Could Be Better Targeted’, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Choi, Kyle Kyungsik 2010. ‘Conspiracy and Alternative Crimes in the Military Commissions Act of 2009: Is There a Way Out?’, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James 2016. ‘Syndergaard Stumbles En Route to a Potential Wild-Card Start’, .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleReligion in the Roman Empire
ISSN (print)2199-4463
ISSN (online)2199-4471

Other styles