How to format your references using the Religion in the Roman Empire citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Religion in the Roman Empire (RRE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scanlan, David 2014. ‘Ecology. Bacterial Vesicles in the Ocean’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 343. 143–144.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ma, Ji; Karaman, Ibrahim 2010. ‘Materials Science. Expanding the Repertoire of Shape Memory Alloys’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 327. 1468–1469.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richardson, David S.; Komdeur, Jan; Burke, Terry 2003. ‘Avian Behaviour: Altruism and Infidelity among Warblers’, Nature 422. 580.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Xu, Cui-Xia; Zheng, Yu-Xuan; Zheng, Xiao-Hui; et al. 2013. ‘V-Shaped Dinuclear Pt(II) Complexes: Selective Interaction with Human Telomeric G-Quadruplex and Significant Inhibition towards Telomerase’, Scientific Reports 3. 2060.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Bagotsky, Vladimir; M. Skundin, Alexander; M. Volfkovich, Yurij 2014. Electrochemical Power Sources. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rahim, Mia Mahmudur; Idowu, Samuel O. (eds.) 2015. Social Audit Regulation: Development, Challenges and Opportunities. CSR, Sustainability, Ethics & Governance. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Caporuscio, M.; D’Angelo, M.; Grassi, V.; Mirandola, R. 2016. ‘Reinforcement Learning Techniques for Decentralized Self-Adaptive Service Assembly’. In Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing: 5th IFIP WG 2.14 European Conference, ESOCC 2016, Vienna, Austria, September 5-7, 2016, Proceedings, ed. Marco Aiello, Einar Broch Johnsen, Schahram Dustdar, Ilche Georgievski. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Religion in the Roman Empire.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise 2015. ‘Beliefs About Innate Talent May Dissuade Students From STEM’, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1997. ‘Deferred Maintenance: Reporting Requirements and Identified Issues’, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang, Haoyu 2008. ‘Studies of Zeolite-Based Artificial Photosynthetic Systems’, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Michael 1993. ‘The New White House Refrain: Please Hang Up and Dial Again’, .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleReligion in the Roman Empire
ISSN (print)2199-4463
ISSN (online)2199-4471

Other styles