How to format your references using the Religion in the Roman Empire citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Religion in the Roman Empire (RRE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleppner, Daniel 2006. ‘Physics. A More Precise Fine Structure Constant’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 313. 448–449.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bainer, Russell; Weaver, Valerie 2013. ‘Cell Biology. Strength under Tension’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 341. 965–966.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schaller, Jörg; Weiske, Arndt; Berger, Frank 2013. ‘Thunderbolt in Biogeochemistry: Galvanic Effects of Lightning as Another Source for Metal Remobilization’, Scientific Reports 3. 3122.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
de Marcillac, Pierre; Coron, Noël; Dambier, Gérard; Leblanc, Jacques; Moalic, Jean-Pierre 2003. ‘Experimental Detection of Alpha-Particles from the Radioactive Decay of Natural Bismuth’, Nature 422. 876–878.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Becker, Klausjürgen; Rautenstrauch, Karl 2012. Ingenieurholzbau Nach Eurocode 5: Konstruktion, Berechnung, Ausführung. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Richardson, Samantha J.; Cody, Vivian (eds.) 2009. Recent Advances in Transthyretin Evolution, Structure and Biological Functions. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kagan, V. E.; Rao, K. M. K.; Kisin, E. R.; et al. 2007. ‘Pulmonary Effects of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes: Inflammatory Response, Oxidative Stress/Signaling, and Recognition by Macrophages’. In Nanotechnology – Toxicological Issues and Environmental Safety and Environmental Safety, ed. P. P. Simeonova, N. Opopol, M. I. Luster. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Religion in the Roman Empire.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise 2014. ‘Scientists Identify Brain Circuit Involved In Social Interaction’, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1991. ‘Highway Demonstration Projects: Improved Selection and Funding Controls Are Needed’, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sitterding, Mary Cathryn 2014. ‘Situation Awareness and the Selection of Interruption Handling Strategies during the Medication Administration Process: A Qualitative Study’, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, James C., Jr 2017. ‘Man Who Said He Was Angry at Whites Gets 25 Years for Fatal Punch in Union Sq’, .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleReligion in the Roman Empire
ISSN (print)2199-4463
ISSN (online)2199-4471

Other styles