How to format your references using the Systematic Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Systematic Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greengard, P. (2001). The neurobiology of slow synaptic transmission. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5544), 1024–1030.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gottifredi, V., & Prives, C. (2001). Molecular biology. Getting p53 out of the nucleus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5523), 1851–1852.
A journal article with 3 authors
Venditti, C., Meade, A., & Pagel, M. (2011). Multiple routes to mammalian diversity. Nature, 479(7373), 393–396.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Darquié, B., Jones, M. P. A., Dingjan, J., Beugnon, J., Bergamini, S., Sortais, Y., et al. (2005). Controlled single-photon emission from a single trapped two-level atom. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5733), 454–456.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Korhonen, J., Savolainen, T., & Soininen, J. (2013). Deploying IPv6 in 3GPP Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Elleithy, K., & Sobh, T. (Eds.). (2013). Innovations and Advances in Computer, Information, Systems Sciences, and Engineering (Vol. 152). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Verdonschot, P. F. M. (2006). Evaluation of the use of Water Framework Directive typology descriptors, reference sites and spatial scale in macroinvertebrate stream typology. In M. T. Furse, D. Hering, K. Brabec, A. Buffagni, L. Sandin, & P. F. M. Verdonschot (Eds.), The Ecological Status of European Rivers: Evaluation and Intercalibration of Assessment Methods (pp. 39–58). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Systematic Parasitology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 25). Want Your Kids To Learn Another Language? Teach Them Code. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Space Station: NASA Efforts To Establish a Design-To-Life-Cycle Cost Process (No. NSIAD-88-147). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mark, M. (2017). A peer mentorship program for youth transitioning out of foster care: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. (2017, March 14). For Mothers Seeking Office, a Familiar Double Standard. New York Times, p. A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greengard 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gottifredi and Prives 2001; Greengard 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gottifredi and Prives 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Darquié et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSystematic Parasitology
AbbreviationSyst. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0165-5752
ISSN (online)1573-5192

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