How to format your references using the Systematic Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Systematic Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grant, P. (2002). Is a bell tolling for Bell Labs? Nature, 417(6891), 789.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu, L., & Hickson, I. D. (2003). The Bloom’s syndrome helicase suppresses crossing over during homologous recombination. Nature, 426(6968), 870–874.
A journal article with 3 authors
Machens, C. K., Romo, R., & Brody, C. D. (2005). Flexible control of mutual inhibition: a neural model of two-interval discrimination. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5712), 1121–1124.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sigrist, S. J., Thiel, P. R., Reiff, D. F., Lachance, P. E., Lasko, P., & Schuster, C. M. (2000). Postsynaptic translation affects the efficacy and morphology of neuromuscular junctions. Nature, 405(6790), 1062–1065.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pakurar, A. S., & Bigbee, J. W. (2005). Digital Histology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Khan, M. S., Zaidi, A., & Musarrat, J. (Eds.). (2014). Phosphate Solubilizing Microorganisms: Principles and Application of Microphos Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gómez-Ruiz, S., & Hey-Hawkins, E. (2011). Metal Complexes with Anionic Polyphosphorus Chains as Potential Precursors for the Synthesis of Metal Phosphides. In M. Peruzzini & L. Gonsalvi (Eds.), Phosphorus Compounds: Advanced Tools in Catalysis and Material Sciences (pp. 85–119). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Systematic Parasitology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, October 8). Pigeons Wearing Eye Patches Must Learn New Routes Home. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Telecommunications: Competition, Capacity, and Costs in the Fixed Satellite Services Industry (No. GAO-11-777). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen, M. W. (2017). Popular Culture and War in the Vietnam Era (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, September 18). Country Breakthrough On the Billboard Chart. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grant 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Grant 2002; Wu and Hickson 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wu and Hickson 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Sigrist et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleSystematic Parasitology
AbbreviationSyst. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0165-5752
ISSN (online)1573-5192

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