How to format your references using the Systematic Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Systematic Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cock, M. (2010). Biopiracy rules should not block biological control. Nature, 467(7314), 369.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, J.-Y., & Huang, D.-Y. (2002). A possible Lower Cambrian chaetognath (arrow worm). Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5591), 187.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gill, D. L., Spassova, M. A., & Soboloff, J. (2006). Signal transduction. Calcium entry signals--trickles and torrents. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5784), 183–184.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, P., Xiong, Z., Luo, J., Lin, J., & Tan, K. L. (2002). Interaction of hydrogen with metal nitrides and imides. Nature, 420(6913), 302–304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Campbell, C. A., & Collins, M. (2010). The One-Page Project Manager for Execution. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nyberg, K. (Ed.). (2015). Topics in Cryptology –- CT-RSA 2015: The Cryptographer’s Track at the RSA Conference 2015, San Francisco, CA, USA, April 20-24, 2015. Proceedings (Vol. 9048). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bartroff, J., Lai, T. L., & Shih, M.-C. (2013). Sequential Methods for Vaccine Safety Evaluation and Surveillance in Public Health. In T. L. Lai & M.-C. Shih (Eds.), Sequential Experimentation in Clinical Trials: Design and Analysis (pp. 101–122). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Systematic Parasitology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, May 27). California Set To Give Solar Panels To Low-Income Families For Free. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). GSA’s Administration of the Automatic Data Processing Equipment (ADPE) Interim Upgrade Acquisition Policy (No. FGMSD-79-10). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kratovac, S. (2012). Developmental alterations in inhibitory neurotransmission in the Fragile X Syndrome mouse basolateral amygdala (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Simon, J. (2016, December 9). French Lessons. New York Times, p. BR22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cock 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and Huang 2002; Cock 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Huang 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleSystematic Parasitology
AbbreviationSyst. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0165-5752
ISSN (online)1573-5192

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