How to format your references using the Systematic Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Systematic Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Danielson, D. (2001). Scientist’s birthright. Nature, 410(6832), 1031.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dunbar, R. I. M., & Shultz, S. (2007). Evolution in the social brain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5843), 1344–1347.
A journal article with 3 authors
Salganik, M. J., Dodds, P. S., & Watts, D. J. (2006). Experimental study of inequality and unpredictability in an artificial cultural market. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5762), 854–856.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, K., Shen, Z.-R., Li, Y., Han, S.-D., Hu, T.-L., Zhang, D.-S., et al. (2014). Solvent induced rapid modulation of micro/nano structures of metal carboxylates coordination polymers: mechanism and morphology dependent magnetism. Scientific reports, 4, 6023.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grinyer, A. (2012). Palliative and End of Life Care for Children and Young People. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jurisica, I., Wigle, D. A., & Wong, B. (Eds.). (2007). Cancer Informatics in the Post Genomic Era: Toward Information-Based Medicine (Vol. 137). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Maffei, F. A. (2012). Assessment of Cardiovascular Function. In S. E. Lucking, F. A. Maffei, R. F. Tamburro, & N. J. Thomas (Eds.), Pediatric Critical Care Study Guide: Text and Review (pp. 94–132). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Systematic Parasitology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 20). Teen Threatened With Graduation Ban For Yearbook Quote. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Highway User Fees: Updated Data Needed to Determine Whether All Users Pay Their Fair Share (No. RCED-94-181). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grandon, J. (2015). The Distribution of Apiaceae in Lafayette and St. Martin Parishes (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, May 13). Nassau and Suffolk Rate Poorly on Air Quality. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Danielson 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Danielson 2001; Dunbar and Shultz 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dunbar and Shultz 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSystematic Parasitology
AbbreviationSyst. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0165-5752
ISSN (online)1573-5192

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