How to format your references using the Systematic Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Systematic Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ackland, G. J. (2015). MATERIALS SCIENCE. Bearing down on hydrogen. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6242), 1429–1430.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stephens, B. B., & Keeling, R. F. (2000). The influence of Antarctic sea ice on glacial-interglacial CO2 variations. Nature, 404(6774), 171–174.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vokrouhlický, D., Nesvorný, D., & Bottke, W. F. (2003). The vector alignments of asteroid spins by thermal torques. Nature, 425(6954), 147–151.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gerstenberger, M. C., Wiemer, S., Jones, L. M., & Reasenberg, P. A. (2005). Real-time forecasts of tomorrow’s earthquakes in California. Nature, 435(7040), 328–331.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Denham, B. E. (2016). Categorical Statistics for Communication Research. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wen, Z., & Li, T. (Eds.). (2014). Practical Applications of Intelligent Systems: Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Knowledge Engineering, Shenzhen, China, Nov 2013 (ISKE 2013) (Vol. 279). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hübner, L. (2015). A Service Hardware Application Case Fiducia. In A. Fleischmann, W. Schmidt, & C. Stary (Eds.), S-BPM in the Wild: Practical Value Creation (pp. 75–95). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Systematic Parasitology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, June 21). China Could Start A Wind Power Revolution By 2030. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). FCC: Unlicensed NII Devices in the 5 GHz Frequency Range (No. OGC-97-19). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, J. M. (2011). A recruitment campaign for Latino non-kin foster parents: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, S. (2005, August 19). Feeding More for Less in Niger. New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ackland 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ackland 2015; Stephens and Keeling 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stephens and Keeling 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Gerstenberger et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSystematic Parasitology
AbbreviationSyst. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0165-5752
ISSN (online)1573-5192

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