How to format your references using the Systematic Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Systematic Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krider, P. E. (2003). Atmospheric science. Deciphering the energetics of lightning. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5607), 669–670.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Grady, M., & O’Hare, G. (2012). Computer science. How smart is your city? Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6076), 1581–1582.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moldoveanu, T., Gehring, K., & Green, D. R. (2008). Concerted multi-pronged attack by calpastatin to occlude the catalytic cleft of heterodimeric calpains. Nature, 456(7220), 404–408.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Prince, J. A., Rana, D., Matsuura, T., Ayyanar, N., Shanmugasundaram, T. S., & Singh, G. (2014). Nanofiber based triple layer hydro-philic/-phobic membrane--a solution for pore wetting in membrane distillation. Scientific reports, 4, 6949.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reiss, E., Shadomy, H. J., & Lyon, G. M., III. (2011). Fundamental Medical Mycology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Turan, B., & Dhalla, N. S. (Eds.). (2014). Diabetic Cardiomyopathy: Biochemical and Molecular Mechanisms (Vol. 9). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dixon, I., & Whittaker, G. (2015). Streaming Media Around the Home. In G. Whittaker (Ed.), Entertainment Apps on the Go with Windows 10: Music, Movies, and TV for PCs, Tablets, and Phones (pp. 101–118). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Systematic Parasitology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, November 12). Mutations In mtDNA May Not Be as Rare or Random as Previously Believed. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Commercial Drivers: Certification Process for Drivers with Serious Medical Conditions (No. GAO-08-1030T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marquez, M. C. (2015). Manuel Ponce’s “Estrellita” (arranged by Jascha Heifetz): A historical and performance practice guide for the violinist (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Capecchi, C., & Williams, T. (2011, August 12). Helicopter Crash Victims Named. New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Krider 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Krider 2003; O’Grady and O’Hare 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Grady and O’Hare 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Prince et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSystematic Parasitology
AbbreviationSyst. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0165-5752
ISSN (online)1573-5192

Other styles