How to format your references using the Wetlands citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wetlands. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crabtree RH (2002) Chemistry. A new oxidation state for Pd? Science (New York, N.Y.) 295:288–289.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang Z-G, Zhang C-T (2013) A proposal for a novel impact factor as an alternative to the JCR impact factor. Scientific reports 3:3410.
A journal article with 3 authors
Farkas I, Helbing D, Vicsek T (2002) Mexican waves in an excitable medium. Nature 419:131–132.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ackert RP Jr, Becker RA, Singer BS, et al (2008) Patagonian glacier response during the late glacial-Holocene transition. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321:392–395.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martinelli RJ, Milosevic DZ (2015) Project Management ToolBox. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Flecker J (ed) (2016) Space, Place and Global Digital Work. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Davison AJ, Harrach B (2011) Siadenovirus. In: Tidona C, Darai G (eds) The Springer Index of Viruses. Springer, New York, NY, pp 49–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wetlands.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Has The “Eighth Wonder Of The World” Been Found Again After Being Lost For 131 Years? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Management Improvements Essential for Key Automated Systems at the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liao W (2010) The epitope specificity of the human anti-Candida albicans antibody M1g1. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly S (2003) METRO FARE. New York Times 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crabtree 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Crabtree 2002; Yang and Zhang 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Zhang 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ackert et al 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleWetlands
AbbreviationWetlands (Wilmington)
ISSN (print)0277-5212
ISSN (online)1943-6246
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry

Other styles