How to format your references using the Wetlands citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wetlands. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kotok A (2008) Science careers. Business financing for your research. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319:1549.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zatorre RJ, Krumhansl CL (2002) Neuroscience. Mental models and musical minds. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298:2138–2139.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen A, Wang S, Pacala SW (2012) Comment on “Global correlations in tropical tree species richness and abundance reject neutrality.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336:1639; author reply 1639.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tang G, Minemoto Y, Dibling B, et al (2001) Inhibition of JNK activation through NF-kappaB target genes. Nature 414:313–317.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGuiggan P (2005) GPRS in Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Goubin L, Matsui M (eds) (2006) Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems - CHES 2006: 8th International Workshop, Yokohama, Japan, October 10-13, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Morschett D, Schramm-Klein H, Zentes J (2009) Role Typologies for Foreign Subsidiaries. In: Schramm-Klein H, Zentes J (eds) Strategic International Management: Text and Cases. Gabler, Wiesbaden, pp 51–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wetlands.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) We Now Know Where Comet 67P Was Born. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Traffic Safety: Improved Reporting and Performance Measures Would Enhance Evaluation of High-Visibility Campaigns. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saha P (2008) Application hardware-software co-design for reconfigurable computing systems. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Healy J, Kovaleski SF (2014) One Mother, 7 Dead Newborns and a Stunned Community in Utah. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kotok 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Zatorre and Krumhansl 2002; Kotok 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zatorre and Krumhansl 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Tang et al 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleWetlands
AbbreviationWetlands (Wilmington)
ISSN (print)0277-5212
ISSN (online)1943-6246
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry

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