How to format your references using the Wetlands citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wetlands. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kopetz H (2013) Renewable resources: Build a biomass energy market. Nature 494:29–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schlapbach L, Züttel A (2001) Hydrogen-storage materials for mobile applications. Nature 414:353–358.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hwang J, Timusk T, Gu GD (2004) High-transition-temperature superconductivity in the absence of the magnetic-resonance mode. Nature 427:714–717.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lydeard JR, Jain S, Yamaguchi M, Haber JE (2007) Break-induced replication and telomerase-independent telomere maintenance require Pol32. Nature 448:820–823.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reason B, Løvlie L, Brand Flu M (2015) Service Design for Business. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Krömer R, Chin-Drian Y (eds) (2012) New Essays on Leibniz Reception: In Science and Philosophy of Science 1800-2000. Springer, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Madden R (2014) Self-Consciousness and Its Linguistic Expression. In: Hung T-W (ed) Communicative Action: Selected Papers of the 2013 IEAS Conference on Language and Action. Springer, Singapore, pp 75–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wetlands.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Elon Musk’s Brave New World: It Worked For Henry Ford; Why Not Tesla? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1968) Management Information Needs in an Era of Change. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mack DL (2017) The Cost of Credit: Protecting Consumers in a Regulated Fringe Credit Market. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2005) World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: Bribery Case Against Acting Premier Is Dropped. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kopetz 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Schlapbach and Züttel 2001; Kopetz 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schlapbach and Züttel 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lydeard et al 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleWetlands
AbbreviationWetlands (Wilmington)
ISSN (print)0277-5212
ISSN (online)1943-6246
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry

Other styles