How to format your references using the European Journal for Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal for Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cairns, J. (2004). The usefulness of parody. Nature, 428(6978), 23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ellwood, M. D. F., & Foster, W. A. (2004). Doubling the estimate of invertebrate biomass in a rainforest canopy. Nature, 429(6991), 549–551.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, C., Wang, X., & Liu, H. (2014). Controllability of time-delayed Boolean multiplex control networks under asynchronous stochastic update. Scientific reports, 4, 7522.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pavesi, L., Dal Negro, L., Mazzoleni, C., Franzò, G., & Priolo, F. (2000). Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals. Nature, 408(6811), 440–444.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rankin, J. (2008). Effects of Antenatal Exercise on Psychological Well-Being, Pregnancy and Birth Outcome. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Whurr Publishers Ltd.
An edited book
Shi, P., & Kasperson, R. (Eds.). (2015). World Atlas of Natural Disaster Risk. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kirkwood, C. (2012). Dialogue in its Larger Context. In C. Kirkwood (Ed.), The Persons in Relation Perspective: In Counselling, Psychotherapy and Community Adult Learning (pp. 57–62). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal for Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, May 8). Scientists Find The Cells At The Root Of Balding And Gray Hair. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Space Shuttle Accident: NASA’s Actions To Address the Presidential Commission Report (No. NSIAD-88-30BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burgner, J. (2010). Bullying prevention: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, August 17). Tampa Teams Fund Removal of Monument. New York Times, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cairns 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Cairns 2004; Ellwood and Foster 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ellwood and Foster 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Pavesi et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal for Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationEur. J. Philos. Sci.
ISSN (print)1879-4912
ISSN (online)1879-4920
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science

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