How to format your references using the European Journal for Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal for Philosophy of Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kampinga, H. H. (2015). Molecular biology: It takes two to untangle. Nature, 524(7564), 169–170.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lionetti, D., & Agapie, T. (2014). Inorganic chemistry: How calcium affects oxygen formation. Nature, 513(7519), 495–496.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hooper, L. V., Littman, D. R., & Macpherson, A. J. (2012). Interactions between the microbiota and the immune system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6086), 1268–1273.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, C.-Z., Snow, J. E., Hellebrand, E., Brügmann, G., von der Handt, A., Büchl, A., & Hofmann, A. W. (2008). Ancient, highly heterogeneous mantle beneath Gakkel ridge, Arctic Ocean. Nature, 452(7185), 311–316.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
New, T. R. (2012). Hymenoptera and Conservation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nova, I., & Tronconi, E. (Eds.). (2014). Urea-SCR Technology for deNOx After Treatment of Diesel Exhausts. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Goadsby, P. J. (2006). Serotonin Receptor Ligands: Treatments of Acute Migraine and Cluster Headache. In C. Stein (Ed.), Analgesia (pp. 129–143). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal for Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 23). BICEP2 Team Admit Breakthrough Evidence For Big Bang Could Just Be Dust. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area--Active Assignments (No. AA-97-30(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gindin, M. (2012). Identification and Characterization of Putative Secreted Proteins from the Adult-Stage Hookworm, Ancylostoma caninum (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Anderson, J. (2017, January 5). Pinning Award Hopes on a Powerful Song. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kampinga 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kampinga 2015; Lionetti and Agapie 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lionetti and Agapie 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal for Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationEur. J. Philos. Sci.
ISSN (print)1879-4912
ISSN (online)1879-4920
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science

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