How to format your references using the Social Justice Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Justice Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gutmann, A. (2013). Ethics. The bioethics commission on incidental findings. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6164), 1321–1323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poon, A. C., & Ferrell, J. E., Jr. (2007). Systems biology. A clock with a flip switch. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5851), 757–758.
A journal article with 3 authors
Conaway, R. C., Brower, C. S., & Conaway, J. W. (2002). Emerging roles of ubiquitin in transcription regulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5571), 1254–1258.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kharchenko, P. V., Alekseyenko, A. A., Schwartz, Y. B., Minoda, A., Riddle, N. C., Ernst, J., et al. (2011). Comprehensive analysis of the chromatin landscape in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature, 471(7339), 480–485.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cousley, R. R. J. (2013). The Orthodontic Mini-Implant Clinical Handbook. Chichester, West Sussex UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Arnold, M., & Schiehlen, W. (Eds.). (2009). Simulation Techniques for Applied Dynamics (Vol. 507). Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Habli, I., & Kelly, T. (2007). Achieving Integrated Process and Product Safety Arguments. In F. Redmill & T. Anderson (Eds.), The Safety of Systems: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Safety-critical Systems Symposium, Bristol, UK, 13–15 February 2007 (pp. 55–68). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Justice Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, October 15). First Scientific Paper Published From New Horizons Mission. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Space Programs: NASA’s Independent Cost Estimating Capability Needs Improvement (No. NSIAD-93-73). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kern, M. W. (2012). Regional phylogenetic analysis of the myology of primates and correlates in the human skeleton (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2016, April 21). Zombies Revived in a Walking Dead Digital Comic. New York Times, p. C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gutmann 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gutmann 2013; Poon and Ferrell 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poon and Ferrell 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kharchenko et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Justice Research
AbbreviationSoc. Justice Res.
ISSN (print)0885-7466
ISSN (online)1573-6725
Sociology and Political Science

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