How to format your references using the Social Justice Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Justice Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D. (2010). Entertaining science. Nature, 466(7302), 27.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carrizosa, E., & Mempel, T. R. (2015). Immunology: In the right place at the right time. Nature, 528(7581), 205–206.
A journal article with 3 authors
Raviv, U., Laurat, P., & Klein, J. (2001). Fluidity of water confined to subnanometre films. Nature, 413(6851), 51–54.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Vajk, O. P., Mang, P. K., Greven, M., Gehring, P. M., & Lynn, J. W. (2002). Quantum impurities in the two-dimensional spin one-half Heisenberg antiferromagnet. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5560), 1691–1695.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bell, S. (2005). Lean Enterprise Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bhushan, B. (Ed.). (2010). Scanning Probe Microscopy in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pathan, A.-S. K., & Hong, C. S. (2009). Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. In S. Misra, I. Woungang, & S. Chandra Misra (Eds.), Guide to Wireless Ad Hoc Networks (pp. 59–96). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Justice Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 7). The Moon Was A First Step, Mars Will Test Our Capabilities, But Europa Is The Prize. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Advance Sheets: Volume 74, Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States (No. OGC-95-10). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heckman, K. A. (2010). Pedogenesis & carbon dynamics across a lithosequence under ponderosa pine (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (2013, April 17). Built Inside a Church, A Log Cabin Isn’t Near Its End. Scout’s Honor. New York Times, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Carrizosa and Mempel 2015; Sarewitz 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carrizosa and Mempel 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Vajk et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Justice Research
AbbreviationSoc. Justice Res.
ISSN (print)0885-7466
ISSN (online)1573-6725
Sociology and Political Science

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