How to format your references using the Swiss Journal of Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Swiss Journal of Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Froese, R. (2011). Fishery reform slips through the net. Nature, 475(7354), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
James, J. R., & Vale, R. D. (2012). Biophysical mechanism of T-cell receptor triggering in a reconstituted system. Nature, 487(7405), 64–69.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amorisco, N. C., Evans, N. W., & van de Ven, G. (2014). The remnant of a merger between two dwarf galaxies in Andromeda II. Nature, 507(7492), 335–337.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wu, J. Y., Feng, L., Park, H. T., Havlioglu, N., Wen, L., Tang, H., … Rao, Y. (2001). The neuronal repellent Slit inhibits leukocyte chemotaxis induced by chemotactic factors. Nature, 410(6831), 948–952.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin, W. C. (2014). Wave Propagation in Drilling, Well Logging and Reservoir Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pierce, G. N., Mizin, V. I., & Omelchenko, A. (Eds.). (2013). Advanced Bioactive Compounds Countering the Effects of Radiological, Chemical and Biological Agents: Strategies to Counter Biological Damage. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kemper, C., & Oxley, I. (2012). The Benefits of Version Control. In I. Oxley (Ed.), Foundation Version Control for Web Developers (pp. 75–90). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Swiss Journal of Psychology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, September 3). How Many Trees Are There Left On Earth? More Than 3 Trillion, Finds Major New Study. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Telecommunications: Competition Issues in International Satellite Communications (No. RCED-97-1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vado, P. F. (2012). Foster Care Independence Act of 1999: A policy analysis (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hirsch, G. A. (2011, April 24). The Humanity of the Long-Distance Runner. New York Times, p. SP10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Froese, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Froese, 2011; James & Vale, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (James & Vale, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Amorisco, Evans, & van de Ven, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wu et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleSwiss Journal of Psychology
AbbreviationSwiss J. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1421-0185
ISSN (online)1662-0879
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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