How to format your references using the Swiss Journal of Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Swiss Journal of Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Engelhardt, B. (2011). Neuroscience. Blood-brain barrier differentiation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6063), 1652–1653.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heldwein, E. E., & Brennan, R. G. (2001). Crystal structure of the transcription activator BmrR bound to DNA and a drug. Nature, 409(6818), 378–382.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, J., Han, D., & Zhao, Y.-P. (2014). Kinetic behaviour of the cells touching substrate: the interfacial stiffness guides cell spreading. Scientific Reports, 4, 3910.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Malsam, J., Satoh, A., Pelletier, L., & Warren, G. (2005). Golgin tethers define subpopulations of COPI vesicles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5712), 1095–1098.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ellis, R. (2012). Language Teaching Research and Language Pedagogy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hossain, E. (Ed.). (2009). Heterogeneous Wireless Access Networks: Architectures and Protocols. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Chibita, M. B. (2016). Digital Activism in Uganda. In B. Mutsvairo (Ed.), Digital Activism in the Social Media Era: Critical Reflections on Emerging Trends in Sub-Saharan Africa (pp. 69–93). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Swiss Journal of Psychology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, May 6). Mysterious “X-Files” Sounds Heard 36km Above Earth’s Surface. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Degradable Plastics: Standards, Research and Development (RCED-88-208). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griner, K. F. (2014). The Effectiveness of the Integrative Career Counseling Model [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S., Abrams, R., & Rogers, K. (2017, March 8). A Strike by Women, but Turnout Is Modest. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Engelhardt, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Engelhardt, 2011; Heldwein & Brennan, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heldwein & Brennan, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Li et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Malsam et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSwiss Journal of Psychology
AbbreviationSwiss J. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1421-0185
ISSN (online)1662-0879
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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