How to format your references using the Automotive and Engine Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Automotive and Engine Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Linksvayer, T.: Evolutionary biology: Survival of the fittest group. Nature. 514, 308–309 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Luo, C., Ecker, J.R.: Epigenetics. Exceptional epigenetics in the brain. Science. 348, 1094–1095 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Rideout, W.M., 3rd, Eggan, K., Jaenisch, R.: Nuclear cloning and epigenetic reprogramming of the genome. Science. 293, 1093–1098 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Van Aken, B.B., Rivera, J.-P., Schmid, H., Fiebig, M.: Observation of ferrotoroidic domains. Nature. 449, 702–705 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Suárez, A.: Analysis and Design of Autonomous Microwave Circuits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2008)
An edited book
Contopoulos, G., Patsis, P.A. eds: Chaos in Astronomy: Conference 2007. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Howell, A.J., Keyes, C.L.M., Passmore, H.-A.: Flourishing Among Children and Adolescents: Structure and Correlates of Positive Mental Health, and Interventions for Its Enhancement. In: Proctor, C. and Linley, P.A. (eds.) Research, Applications, and Interventions for Children and Adolescents: A Positive Psychology Perspective. pp. 59–79. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Automotive and Engine Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: NASA Plans Mission To Europa,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: School Safety: Promising Initiatives for Addressing School Violence. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hong, H.J.: Acrolein Modification of Human Apolipoprotein A-I Impairs Binding to Phosphatidylglycerol and Lipopolysaccharide of Gram-Negative Bacteria, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: Justices Divided On Protections Over Wetlands, (2006)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAutomotive and Engine Technology
AbbreviationAutomot. Engine Technol.
ISSN (print)2365-5127
ISSN (online)2365-5135

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