How to format your references using the Automotive and Engine Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Automotive and Engine Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
De, S.: Journal club. A biologist looks at the effect of a dynamic nuclear environment on gene expression. Nature. 460, 15 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelley, N.P., Pyenson, N.D.: Vertebrate evolution. Evolutionary innovation and ecology in marine tetrapods from the Triassic to the Anthropocene. Science. 348, aaa3716 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Galloway, K.E., Franco, E., Smolke, C.D.: Dynamically reshaping signaling networks to program cell fate via genetic controllers. Science. 341, 1235005 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hartschuh, A., Pedrosa, H.N., Novotny, L., Krauss, T.D.: Simultaneous fluorescence and Raman scattering from single carbon nanotubes. Science. 301, 1354–1356 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chandrasekaran, S.: Health, Safety, and Environmental Management in Offshore and Petroleum Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2016)
An edited book
Aguayo-Torres, M.C., Gómez, G., Poncela, J. eds: Wired/Wireless Internet Communications: 13th International Conference, WWIC 2015, Malaga, Spain, May 25-27, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Guala, F.: On the Nature of Social Kinds. In: Gallotti, M. and Michael, J. (eds.) Perspectives on Social Ontology and Social Cognition. pp. 57–68. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Automotive and Engine Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: Astronomers Think A Rare And Explosive “Red Nova” Will Light Up The Night Sky In A Few Years,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: D.C. Tuition Assistance Grants: Program May Increase College Choices, but a Few Program Procedures May Hinder Grant Receipt for Some Residents. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2001)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martin, J.C.: Tbx18 and the epicardium in cardiac development and regenerative medicine, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B.: Judge Reinstates Suit Over Rolling Stone Rape Article, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAutomotive and Engine Technology
AbbreviationAutomot. Engine Technol.
ISSN (print)2365-5127
ISSN (online)2365-5135

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