How to format your references using the Automotive and Engine Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Automotive and Engine Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gammon, K.: Gene therapy: editorial control. Nature. 515, S11-3 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Day, J., Beamish, J.: Low-temperature shear modulus changes in solid 4He and connection to supersolidity. Nature. 450, 853–856 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Beskow, L.M., Dame, L., Costello, E.J.: Research ethics. Certificates of confidentiality and compelled disclosure of data. Science. 322, 1054–1055 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
McNamara, J.M., Barta, Z., Fromhage, L., Houston, A.I.: The coevolution of choosiness and cooperation. Nature. 451, 189–192 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ansons, A.M., Davis, H.: Diagnosis and Management of Ocular Motility Disorders. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK (2008)
An edited book
Gollmann, D., Meier, J., Sabelfeld, A. eds: Computer Security – ESORICS 2006: 11th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Hamburg, Germany, September 18-20, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Scozzari, S., Gamberini, L.: Virtual Reality as a Tool for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: A Review. In: Brahnam, S. and Jain, L.C. (eds.) Advanced Computational Intelligence Paradigms in Healthcare 6. Virtual Reality in Psychotherapy, Rehabilitation, and Assessment. pp. 63–108. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Automotive and Engine Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Inhalable Vaccine Developed For Ebola,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Title 6--NAD Electronic Signature. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1994)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reddy, G.S.: Modulo Multipliers with Adaptive Delay for a High Dynamic Range Residue Number System Using Booth Encoding, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K.: Snug as a Dog in a Baby Carrier Is the Latest Refrain for Pet Lovers, (2000)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAutomotive and Engine Technology
AbbreviationAutomot. Engine Technol.
ISSN (print)2365-5127
ISSN (online)2365-5135

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