How to format your references using the Swiss Journal of Palaeontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Swiss Journal of Palaeontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berry, B. (2013). Teacherpreneurs: a bold brand of teacher leadership for 21st-century teaching and learning. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6130), 309–310.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, R., & Yan, X. (2014). Superior asymmetric supercapacitor based on Ni-Co oxide nanosheets and carbon nanorods. Scientific reports, 4, 3712.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alimardani, M., Nishio, S., & Ishiguro, H. (2013). Humanlike robot hands controlled by brain activity arouse illusion of ownership in operators. Scientific reports, 3, 2396.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Turnell, A. S., Stewart, G. S., Grand, R. J. A., Rookes, S. M., Martin, A., Yamano, H., et al. (2005). The APC/C and CBP/p300 cooperate to regulate transcription and cell-cycle progression. Nature, 438(7068), 690–695.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huber, P. J. (2011). Data Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Manolis, G. D., & Polyzos, D. (Eds.). (2009). Recent Advances in Boundary Element Methods: A Volume to Honor Professor Dimitri Beskos (1st ed.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Vu, H., Echigo, T., Yagi, K., Okazaki, H., Fujiwara, Y., Yagi, Y., & Arakawa, T. (2012). Image-Enhanced Capsule Endoscopy Preserving the Original Color Tones. In H. Yoshida, G. Sakas, & M. G. Linguraru (Eds.), Abdominal Imaging. Computational and Clinical Applications: Third International Workshop, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2011, Toronto, ON, Canada, September 18, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 35–43). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Swiss Journal of Palaeontology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 3). Device That Shows Your Veins In Bright Green Could Make Donating Blood Easier. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Aviation Research: Information on FAA’s Research, Engineering, and Development Program (No. RCED-89-122FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prakash, A. (2010). Empire on the Seine: Surveillance, Citizenship, and North African Migrants in Paris (1925–1975) (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bowley, G., & Ember, S. (2017, May 17). Will Her Story Convict Cosby? New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berry 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Berry 2013; Wang and Yan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Yan 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Turnell et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSwiss Journal of Palaeontology
AbbreviationSwiss J. Palaeontol.
ISSN (print)1664-2376
ISSN (online)1664-2384

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