How to format your references using the Swiss Journal of Palaeontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Swiss Journal of Palaeontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goroff, D. L. (2015). Information access. Balancing privacy versus accuracy in research protocols. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6221), 479–480.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haussecker, D., & Kay, M. A. (2015). RNA interference. Drugging RNAi. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6226), 1069–1070.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu, Y., Nakano, M., & Ikeda, T. (2003). Photomechanics: directed bending of a polymer film by light. Nature, 425(6954), 145.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sordella, R., Bell, D. W., Haber, D. A., & Settleman, J. (2004). Gefitinib-sensitizing EGFR mutations in lung cancer activate anti-apoptotic pathways. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5687), 1163–1167.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rizzi, T. E., Valenciano, A., Bowles, M., Cowell, R., Tyler, R., & DeNicola, D. B. (2017). Atlas of Canine and Feline Urinalysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nishida, T. (2014). Conversational Informatics: A Data-Intensive Approach with Emphasis on Nonverbal Communication. (A. Nakazawa, Y. Ohmoto, & Y. Mohammad, Eds.). Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Kniazev, A., Pustilnik, S., Tepliakova, A., & Burenkov, A. (2011). Metallicities of Galaxies in the Lynx-Cancer Void. In I. Ferreras & A. Pasquali (Eds.), Environment and the Formation of Galaxies: 30 years later: Proceedings of Symposium 2 of JENAM 2010 (pp. 25–27). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Swiss Journal of Palaeontology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 11). How To Build A Smartphone Microscope Stand for $10. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). Legislative Developments (No. 126478). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parihar, R. (2004). Characterization of the Natural Killer Cell Cytokine Response to Antibody-Coated Tumor Cells (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. R., & Schmitt, E. (2017, September 1). Showdown Expected in the Euphrates Valley, but It’s Complicated. New York Times, p. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goroff 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Goroff 2015; Haussecker and Kay 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haussecker and Kay 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Sordella et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSwiss Journal of Palaeontology
AbbreviationSwiss J. Palaeontol.
ISSN (print)1664-2376
ISSN (online)1664-2384

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