How to format your references using the Swiss Journal of Palaeontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Swiss Journal of Palaeontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lang, M. (2007). Tough sell. Nature, 446(7137), 830.
A journal article with 2 authors
Starr, D. A., & Han, M. (2002). Role of ANC-1 in tethering nuclei to the actin cytoskeleton. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5592), 406–409.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kielpinski, D., Monroe, C., & Wineland, D. J. (2002). Architecture for a large-scale ion-trap quantum computer. Nature, 417(6890), 709–711.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Titov, D. V., Taylor, F. W., Svedhem, H., Ignatiev, N. I., Markiewicz, W. J., Piccioni, G., & Drossart, P. (2008). Atmospheric structure and dynamics as the cause of ultraviolet markings in the clouds of Venus. Nature, 456(7222), 620–623.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt, W. (2000). Optische Spektroskopie. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Boffi, D. (2008). Mixed Finite Elements, Compatibility Conditions, and Applications: Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Cetraro, Italy June 26–July 1, 2006. (F. Brezzi, L. F. Demkowicz, R. G. Durán, R. S. Falk, M. Fortin, D. Boffi, & L. Gastaldi, Eds.) (Vol. 1939). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schwartz, P. H. (2007). Decision and Discovery in Defining ‘Disease.’ In H. Kincaid & J. McKitrick (Eds.), Establishing Medical Reality: Essays In The Metaphysics And Epistemology Of Biomedical Science (pp. 47–63). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Swiss Journal of Palaeontology.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, February 20). That “Guilty” Look That Your Dog Is Giving You Isn’t Actually Guilt. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Transportation Security: DHS Should Address Key Challenges before Implementing the Transportation Worker Identification Credential Program (No. GAO-06-982). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dalbey, S. B. (2017). Celebrity Endorsements and Voting Intentions: The Role of Liking and Preference for Consistency (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Landler, M. (2017, October 4). Trump to a Grieving City: ‘This Is a Rough Time.’ New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lang 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lang 2007; Starr and Han 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Starr and Han 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Titov et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleSwiss Journal of Palaeontology
AbbreviationSwiss J. Palaeontol.
ISSN (print)1664-2376
ISSN (online)1664-2384

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