How to format your references using the Swiss Journal of Palaeontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Swiss Journal of Palaeontology (Swiss J Palaeontol). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mortlock, D. (2014). Astronomy: The age of the quasars. Nature, 514(7520), 43–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Renear, A. H., & Palmer, C. L. (2009). Strategic reading, ontologies, and the future of scientific publishing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5942), 828–832.
A journal article with 3 authors
Campbell, J. E., Lobell, D. B., & Field, C. B. (2009). Greater transportation energy and GHG offsets from bioelectricity than ethanol. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5930), 1055–1057.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bini, M., Ferrari, S., Ferrara, C., Mozzati, M. C., Capsoni, D., Pell, A. J., et al. (2013). Polymorphism and magnetic properties of Li2MSiO4 (M = Fe, Mn) cathode materials. Scientific reports, 3, 3452.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woolf, V. (2012). The Years. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dudin, A., Klimenok, V., Tsarenkov, G., & Dudin, S. (Eds.). (2013). Modern Probabilistic Methods for Analysis of Telecommunication Networks: Belarusian Winter Workshops in Queueing Theory, BWWQT 2013, Minsk, Belarus, January 28-31, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 356). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schomburg, H., & Teichler, U. (2006). COURSE OF STUDY. In U. Teichler (Ed.), Higher Education and Graduate Employment in Europe: Results from Graduate Surveys from Twelve Countries (pp. 35–50). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Swiss Journal of Palaeontology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, October 30). Solution To Voyager 1 Magnetic Field Mystery Suggests It Is Not Quite In Interstellar Space. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). The Process for Identifying Needs and Establishing Requirements (No. 092321). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sontag, M. (2006). Emotion and the Labeling Process (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J. C., Jr. (2017, April 18). Man’s Murder Conviction Set Aside at D.A.’s Request. New York Times, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Feduccia 2001; Zurek 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Renear and Palmer 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Berezovsky et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleSwiss Journal of Palaeontology
AbbreviationSwiss J. Palaeontol.
ISSN (print)1664-2376
ISSN (online)1664-2384

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