How to format your references using the Swiss Journal of Palaeontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Swiss Journal of Palaeontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moseley, S. H. (2014). Astronomy. The other half of the universe? Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6210), 696–697.
A journal article with 2 authors
Metz, M., & Fütterer, J. (2002). Biodiversity (Communications arising): suspect evidence of transgenic contamination. Nature, 416(6881), 600–1; discussion 600, 602.
A journal article with 3 authors
Field, J., Cronin, A., & Bridge, C. (2006). Future fitness and helping in social queues. Nature, 441(7090), 214–217.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Suo, S.-B., Qiu, J.-D., Shi, S.-P., Chen, X., & Liang, R.-P. (2014). PSEA: Kinase-specific prediction and analysis of human phosphorylation substrates. Scientific reports, 4, 4524.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Massad, J. J., Cagna, D. R., Goodacre, C. J., Wicks, R. A., & Ahuja, S. A. (2017). Application of the Neutral Zone in Prosthodontics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Badica, C., Mangioni, G., Carchiolo, V., & Burdescu, D. D. (Eds.). (2008). Intelligent Distributed Computing, Systems and Applications: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing – IDC 2008, Catania, Italy, 2008 (Vol. 162). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
McMahon, C. G. (2013). Taxonomy of Ejaculatory Disorders and Definitions of Premature Ejaculation. In E. A. Jannini, C. G. McMahon, & M. D. Waldinger (Eds.), Premature Ejaculation: From Etiology to Diagnosis and Treatment (pp. 53–69). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Swiss Journal of Palaeontology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, June 19). Fish-Eating Spiders Found on Six Continents. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). [Comments on NTSB Employee’s Claim for TQSE] (No. B-260471). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carter, I. M. (2015). The discourse of the divine: Radical traditions of Black feminism, musicking, and myth within the Black public sphere (Civil Rights to the present) (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarey, C. (2016, September 13). Open Champion Shows Vulnerability Off the Court, Not on It. New York Times, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moseley 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Metz and Fütterer 2002; Moseley 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Metz and Fütterer 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Suo et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSwiss Journal of Palaeontology
AbbreviationSwiss J. Palaeontol.
ISSN (print)1664-2376
ISSN (online)1664-2384

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