How to format your references using the Swiss Journal of Palaeontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Swiss Journal of Palaeontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Capone, D. G. (2006). Microbiology. Ramping up the heat on nitrogenase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5806), 1691–1692.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kinchen, J. M., & Ravichandran, K. S. (2010). Identification of two evolutionarily conserved genes regulating processing of engulfed apoptotic cells. Nature, 464(7289), 778–782.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jedema, F. J., Filip, A. T., & Van Wees, B. J. (2002). Spintronics (Communication arising): Spin accumulation in mesoscopic systems. Nature, 416(6883), 810.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, N., Wei, H., Li, J., Wang, Z., Tian, X., Pan, A., & Xu, H. (2013). Plasmonic amplification with ultra-high optical gain at room temperature. Scientific reports, 3, 1967.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paris, J. L., & Paris, J. L. (2008). CliffsNotes® Praxis II®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Vasilakos, A. V., Parashar, M., Karnouskos, S., & Pedrycz, W. (Eds.). (2009). Autonomic Communication (First.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Du, D.-Z., & Wan, P.-J. (2013). Weighted CDS in Unit Disk Graph. In P.-J. Wan (Ed.), Connected Dominating Set: Theory and Applications (pp. 77–104). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Swiss Journal of Palaeontology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, August 24). Hunters Accidentally Shoot Four Critically Endangered Birds in New Zealand. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). VA Education Benefits: Student Characteristics and Outcomes Vary across Schools (No. GAO-13-567). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D’Ambrosio, J. L. (2013). Perspectives on the Geomorphic Evolution and Ecology of Modified Channels and Two-Stage Ditches in the Agriculturally-Dominated Midwestern United States (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, June 24). Asked to Switch Positions, Mets’ Cabrera Asks to Switch Teams. New York Times, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Capone 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Capone 2006; Kinchen and Ravichandran 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kinchen and Ravichandran 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSwiss Journal of Palaeontology
AbbreviationSwiss J. Palaeontol.
ISSN (print)1664-2376
ISSN (online)1664-2384

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